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H. Gobind Khorana, Ph.D.

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1968
National Medal of Sciences - Biological Sciences 1978

Co-Nobelists: Robert W. Holley, Marshall W. Nirenberg

Organic Chemist, Biochemist. 'Genetic code interpretation, function in protein synthesis. Pioneered synthesizing biologically active gene, determine codon triplets' nucleotides order. Unraveled genetic code, how nucleic acids form proteins. Pioneered genetic engineering. Multidisciplinary work.

"Wife brought sense of purpose. In foreign country, I felt out of place everywhere, at home nowhere."

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Har Gobind Khorana had good teachers, mentors and colleagues. Two of his mentors were Chemistry Nobel Laureates.

  • Postdoc, Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule, Zurich, 1948-1949. Mentor Vladimir Prelog, Chemistry Nobelist 1975. He greatly influenced Khorana in matters pertaining to scientific thought and work.
  • Postdoc, Cambridge University, UK 1949. Mentor G. W. Kenner.
  • Postdoc, Cambridge University, UK 1949. Mentor A. R. Todd, Chemistry Nobelist 1957.
  • D.A.V. High School, Multan, India. Ratan Lal was an Influential Teacher.
  • M. Sc. Punjab University, Lahore, India. Supervisor Mahan Singh was a great teacher and accurate experimentalist.
  • Ph. D student, University of Liverpool. Research Supervisor Roger J. S. Beer personally took great care of Khorana and introduced him to the culture in the western world.
Photo Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

Name: Har Gobind Khorana
Birth: 9 January 1922, Raipur, India
Death: 9 November 2011, Concord, MA, USA
Institution: University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
Award: "for their interpretation of the genetic code and its function in protein synthesis."
Portion of Cash: 1/3
Education, Mentors: D.A.V. High School, Multan, India; Influential Teacher; Ratan Lal.
B.Sc. 1943 & M. Sc. 1945, Punjab University, Lahore, India; Supervisor: Mahan Singh.
Ph. D. University of Liverpool, UK 1948, Indian government scholarship; Mentor: Roger J. S. Beer.
Postdoc Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule, Zurich, 1948-1949; Mentor: Vladimir Prelog, Chemistry Nobelist 1975.
Postdoc Cambridge University, England 1949; Mentors: G. W. Kenner & A. R. Todd, Chemistry Nobelist 1957.
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