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History of Discovery

Karl Landsteiner

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1930

Physician - Anatomic Pathologist, Father of Immunology. ABO Blood Groups, Rh Typing. Paroxysmal Haemoglobinuria. Polio. Spirochaetes. Chemistry into service of serology. Meticulous observation, description, understanding in many fields.

Rigorously demanding of himself. Energetic. By nature somewhat pessimistic, preferred to live away from people.
Characteristic of him - died pipette in hand.

History of Discovery


Early blood transfusions: from concept to practice. It took several hundred years for successful blood transfusions to come to fruition. HemOnc Today, January 10, 2009


Karl Landsteiner and his major contributions to haematology by Hans Peter Schwarz and Friedrich Dorner. British Journal of Haematology, Volume 121, Issue 4, pages 556-565, May 2003. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2141.2003.04295.x

Karl Landsteiner ~ A, B, O Blood Group System, Dap Dapple, 14:45 ENGLISH

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Karl Landsteiner
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Name: Karl Landsteiner
Birth: 14 June 1868, Vienna, Austrian Empire (now Austria)
Death: 26 June 1943, New York, NY, USA
Affiliation at the time of the award: Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, New York, NY, USA
Prize motivation: "for his discovery of human blood groups"
Field: Hematology
Prize share: 1/1
History of Discovery
Honoring Karl Landsteiner
Patents: Landsteiner has not patented his discoveries