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Karl Landsteiner

Karl Landsteiner

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1930

Physician - Anatomic Pathologist, Father of Immunology. ABO Blood Groups, Rh Typing. Paroxysmal Haemoglobinuria. Polio. Spirochaetes. Chemistry into service of serology. Meticulous observation, description, understanding in many fields.

Rigorously demanding of himself. Energetic. By nature somewhat pessimistic, preferred to live away from people.
Characteristic of him - died pipette in hand.


Reflection by Linus Pauling, Nobelist, Chemistry 1954 and Peace 1962: During the time that [Karl] Landsteiner gave me an education in the field of immunology, I discovered that he and I were thinking about the serologic problem in very different ways. He would ask, "What do these experiments force us to believe about the nature of the world?" I would ask, "What is the most simple and general picture of the world that we can formulate that is not ruled by these experiments?" I realized that medical and biological investigators were not attacking their problems the same way that theoretical physicists do, the way I had been in the habit of doing.

Karl Landsteiner, A Biographical Memoir by Michael Heidelberger, National Academy of Sciences, 1969, 35 pages

Karl Landsteiner: The Discoverer of the Blood-groups and a Pioneer in the Field of Immunology : Biography of a Nobel Prize Winner of the Vienna Medical School
Paul Speiser, Ferdinand Gilbert Smekal
Brüder Hollinek, 1975
3851191374, 9783851191370
198 pages

Karl Landsteiner and the problem of species, 1838-1968 by Pauline M H Mazumdar
Thesis/dissertation : Thesis/dissertation : Biography
Publisher: Baltimore : [s.n.], 1976, ©1978. 724 leaves

The scientific work of Karl Landsteiner by George Robert Simms
Thesis/dissertation : Thesis/dissertation : Biography
Language: English
Publisher: Biberstein, Freundes - Dienst, 1963. 56p.

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Karl Landsteiner
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Karl Landsteiner
Photo Bachrach Studios, Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

Name: Karl Landsteiner
Birth: 14 June 1868, Vienna, Austrian Empire (now Austria)
Death: 26 June 1943, New York, NY, USA
Affiliation at the time of the award: Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, New York, NY, USA
Prize motivation: "for his discovery of human blood groups"
Field: Hematology
Prize share: 1/1
History of Discovery
Honoring Karl Landsteiner
Patents: Landsteiner has not patented his discoveries