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Gertrude B. Elion M.S.[Chemistry]

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1988
Co-Nobelists: Sir James W. Black, George H. Hitchings
National Medal of Science - Chemistry 1991

Chemist, Pharmacologist. Discovered principles for drug treatment; developed drugs - anticancer, immunosuppressive, antiviral, antibacterial, anti-gout, anti-malarial. Purines.

"I was a child with an insatiable thirst for knowledge. My beloved grandfather died of cancer when I was 15. I was highly motivated to discover a cure for this terrible disease".


Elion Fig 1

Gertrude Elion. Source: Wikimedia Commons.
Ganga comment: Meticulous maintenance of lab records is essential for making scientific discoveries.

Elion Fig2

Gertrude Elion and Co-Nobelist George Hitchings, 1948. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Elion Fig3

Gertrude Elion. Source: National Cancer Institute/Wikimedia Commons.

Elion Fig4

Co-Nobelist George Hitchings and Gertrude Elion, 1988. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Elion Fig5

Co-Nobelist George Hitchings and Gertrude Elion, 1988. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Elion Fig6

Gertrude Elion. Oil painting by Sir Roy Calne, 1990. Source: Wellcome Images-Wellcome Trust/Wikimedia Commons.

Elion Fig7

Gertrude Elion, 1991. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

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Photo: Wikimedia Commons

Name: Gertrude Belle Elion
Birth: 23 January 1918, New York, NY, USA
Death: 21 February 1999, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
Institution: Wellcome Research Laboratories, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA
Award: "for their discoveries of important principles for drug treatment"
Subject: Pharmacology
Portion of cash: 1/3
Defining Moment
History of Discovery
Honoring Gertrude Elion
Lab Records