The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1962
The President's National Medal of Sciences - Biological Sciences 1997
Co-Nobelists Francis Crick, Maurice Wilkins
Zoologist. ‘Discovered molecular structure of nucleic acids and its significance for information transfer in living material.’
Very generous with subordinates regarding authorship of articles.
“Good science is difficult. We must believe strongly in our ideas.”
“When the Nobel Prize was awarded in '62, they waited till '62 I think really because a lot of the people thought well it's a pretty model but maybe it isn't really the model for how DNA replicates. With the Meselson-Stahl experiment then you know the model was right and four years later we got the Nobel prize. By then Rosalind was not living and so they have the rule, only three people can get any given prize. So there wasn't any problem, Maurice got one and I got one and Francis. If Rosalind had been alive, the only sort of just thing would have been two Nobel prizes, one for Wilkins and Franklin for the experimental work and one to Francis and I you know, in biology, they could have got the prize in chemistry and we could have got the prize in physiology and medicine. That would have been, you know the, everyone would have been pleased.“
Name: James Dewey Watson
Birth: 6 April 1928, Chicago, Ill, USA
Institution: Harvard Univesity, Campridge, MA, USA
Award: "for their discoveries concerning the molecular structure of nucleic acids and its significance for information transfer in living material."
Portion of Cash: 1/3
Education: Horace Mann Grammar School, Chicago. South Shore High School, Chicago.
B.Sc. Zoology University of Chicago 1947. Ph.D. Zoology Indiana University, Bloomington 1950.
Ph.D. Mentor Salvador E. Luria, Later Medicine Nobelist 1969.
Mentee: Mario Capecchi, Medical Nobelist, 2007
Ph.D. Thesis: The Biological Properties of X-Ray Inactivated Bacteriophage (1951)
Medal, Cash & Philanthropy