The Nobel Prize in Literature 1913
Indian Poet, Bangali, English. All literary genres. Voice of India's Spiritual Heritage. Social reformer. Promoted gender equality, empowerment of women. Indian National Movement participant. Mahathma Gandhi was his devoted friend. Founder, school in Shantiniketan. Author, National Anthem of India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka.
"Love does not claim possession, but gives freedom."
"I beg to convey to the Swedish Academy my grateful appreciation of the breadth of understanding which has brought the distant near and has made a stranger a brother." - Telegram from Rabindranath Tagore, read by Mr. Clive, British Chargé d'Affaires [India was ruled by the British], at the Nobel Banquet at Grand Hôtel, Stockholm, December 10, 1913.
"Visva-Bharati represents India where she has her wealth of mind which is for all. Visva-Bharati acknowledges India's obligation to offer to others the hospitality of her best culture and India's right to accept from others their best "
Where the mind is without fear and the head is held high;
Where knowledge is free;
Where the world has not been broken up into fragments by narrow domestic walls;
Where words come out from the depth of truth;
Where tireless striving stretches its arms towards perfection;
Where the clear stream of reason has not lost its way into the dreary desert sand of dead habit;
Where the mind is led forward by thee into ever-widening thought and action --
Into that heaven of freedom, my Father, let my country awake.
Gitanjali (Song Offerings): A Collection of Prose Translations made by Tagore from the Original Bangali, intro By William Butler Yeats.
You came to my door in the dawn and sang; it angered me to be awakened from sleep, and you went away unheeded.
You came in the noon and asked for water; it vexed me in my work, and you were sent away with reproaches.
You came in the evening with your flaming torches; you seemed to me like a terror and I shut my door.
Now in the midnight I sit alone in my lampless room and call you back - whom I turned away in insult.
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Name: Rabindranath Tagore
Birth: 7 May 1861, Calcutta, British ruled India
Death: 7 August 1941, Calcutta, British ruled India
Residence at the time of the award: India
Prize motivation: "because of his profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse, by which, with consummate skill, he has made his poetic thought, expressed in his own English words, a part of the literature of the West"
Languages: Bangali, English