The Nobel Peace Prize in Chemistry 1906
Chemist - inorganic. Isolated fluorine. Moissan's electric furnace. Blue perchromic acid formula, crystallized chromic acid. Uncovered silicon carbide, other carbides, borides, silicides. Theorized:
from molten iron crystallize carbon under pressure, obtain synthetic diamonds. Meticulous, patient. Articulate lecturer.
“Scientific research is search for truth. Only after discovery, applicability can be considered.”
Moissan's furnace, an electric furnace
Moissanite - Moissanite is naturally occurring silicon carbide and its various crystalline polymorphs. It has the chemical formula SiC and is a rare mineral, discovered by the French chemist Henri Moissan in 1893. Silicon carbide is useful for commercial and industrial applications due to its hardness, optical properties and thermal conductivity. Efforts to synthesize silicon carbide in a laboratory began in the early 1900s.
Name: Henri Moissan
Birth: 28 September, 1952, Paris, France
Death: 20 February, 1907, Paris, France
Affiliation: Sorbonne University, Paris, France
Prize Motivation: "in recognition of the great services rendered by him in his investigation and isolation of the element fluorine, and for the adoption in the service of science of the electric furnace called after him."
Education: College de Meaux. Musee d’Histoire Naturelle - Edmond Fremy’s lab. Doctoral degree Agronomic Institute 1880; thesis: cyanogen series.