The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1950
Nobel Co-recipients Tadeus Reichstein, Phillip S.Hench
Chemist. Adrenal cortex hormones including cortisone: structure, biological effects. Thyroid hormone thyroxine: isolated. Glutathione: crystallized, established structure.
What physiologic processes are modified by cortisone and how this influence is exerted are matters still locked within this hormone. Said Shakespeare's soothsayer, "In Nature's infinite book of secrecy a little I can read."
"His greatness lay in his ability to select important goals that were achievable, to persevere toward them during periods of adversity and disappointment, and to select gifted associates." Biographical Memoirs by Dwight Ingle
Name: Edward Calvin Kendall
Birth: 8 March 1886, South Norwalk, CT, USA
Death: 4 May 1972, Princeton, NJ, USA
Affiliation at the time of the award: Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA
Prize motivation: ""for their discoveries relating to the hormones of the adrenal cortex, their structure and biological effects"
Field Biochemistry, endocrinology
Prize share: 1/3
History of Discovery