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Michael I. Posner Ph.D.

National Medal of Science - Behaviorial and Social Science 2008

Psychologist. Cognitive neuroscience - attention, early brain development, changes in brain systems with learning; developmental disorders; brain injury. Posner cueing task. Founding Director, Sackler Institute for Developmental Psychobiology.


  1. Culbert, S.S. & Posner, M.I. (1960). Human habituation to an acoustical energy distribution spectrum. Journal of Applied Psychology, 44: 263-266.
  2. Posner, M.I. (1963). Immediate memory in sequential tasks. Psychological Bulletin, 60:333-349.
  3. Posner, M.I. (1963). An information approach to thinking. Air Force Office of Scientific Research Report 2635, ASTIA, Document 276136, 1962. Extended abstract in Creative Talent Awards Series #2, Washington: AIR.
  4. Posner, M.I. (1964). Uncertainty as a predictor of similarity in the study of generalization. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 68: 113-118.
  5. Posner, M.I. (1964). Information reduction in the analysis of sequential tasks. Psychological Review, 71:491-504. Reprinted in Bobbs-Merrill reprint series.
  6. Posner, M.I. (1964). Effect of rate of presentation and order of recall in immediate memory. British Journal of Psychology, 55:303-306. Reprinted in R. Haber (ed.), Information Processing Approaches to Perception.
  7. Posner, M.I. & Rossman, E. (1965). The effect of size and location of interpolated information reduction transforms upon short term retention. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 70: 496-505.
  8. Posner, M.I. (1965). Memory and thought in human intellectual performance. British Journal of Psychology, 56: 197-215.
  9. Posner, M.I. (1966). Components of skilled performance. Science, 152: 1712-1718. Reprinted in R.N. Singer (ed.), Readings in Motor Learning.
  10. Posner, M.I. & Konick, A.F. (1966). Short term retention of visual and kinesthetic information. Journal of Organization Behavior and Human Performance, 1: 71-86.
  11. Posner, M.I. (1966). An informational analysis of the perception and classification of patterns. Proceedings of the XVIII the International Congress Symposium on Information Theory and Perception, Moscow.
  12. Fitts, P.M. & Posner, M.I. (1967). Human Performance, Belmont, CA Brooks/Cole.
  13. Posner, M.I., Goldsmith, R., & Welton, K.E. (1967). Perceived distance and the classification of distorted patterns. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 72: 28-38.
  14. Posner, M.I. (1967). Short term memory systems in human information processing. Proceedings of the Symposium on Attention and Performance, Soesterberg, The Netherlands. Acta Psychologia, 27: 267-284. Reprinted in R. Haber (ed.), Information Processing Approaches to Perception.
  15. Posner, M.I. (1967). Concept identification: Information processing approaches. Encyclopedia of Linguistics, Information and Control. London: Pergammon.
  16. Posner, M.I. (1967). Perception and cognition as processing levels. Paper delivered at the conference on "Approaches to Cognition," October 1967. In Voss (ed.), Approaches to Thought., New York: Merrill.
  17. Posner, M.I. (1967). Characteristics of visual and kinesthetic memory codes. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 75: 103-107.
  18. Posner, M.I. & Mitchell, R.F. (1967). Chronometric analysis of classification. Psychological Review, 74: 392-409.
  19. Posner, M.I. & Keele, S.W. (1967). Decay of visual information from a single letter. Science, 158: 137-139. Reprinted in R. Haber (ed.), Information Processing Approaches to Perception.
  20. Keele, S.W. & Posner, M.I. (1968). Processing of visual feedback in rapid movements. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 77: 155-158.
  21. Posner, M.I. & Keele, S.W (1968). On the genesis of abstract ideas. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 77: 353-363.
  22. Posner, M.I., Boies, S.W., Eichelman, W., & Taylor, R. (1969). Retention of visual and name codes of single letters. Journal of Experimental Psychology Monography, 79:1-16. Reprinted in M. Coltheart (ed.), Readings in Cognition, New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1972.
  23. Posner, M.I. & Keele, S.W. (1969). Attention demands of movements. Proceedings of the 16th International Congress of Applied Psychology Symposium on Work and Fatigue. Amsterdam, Swets: Zeitlinger.
  24. Posner, M.I. (1969). Representational systems for storing information in memory. In Talland and Waugh (eds.), Psychopathology of Memory, New York: Academic Press.
  25. Posner, M.I. & Taylor, R.L. (1969). Subtractive method applied to separation of visual and name components of multi letter arrays. Paper presented to Donders Centenary Symposium, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, August, 1968. Acta Psychologica, 30:104-114.
  26. Posner, M.I. (1969). Abstraction and the process of recognition. In G. Bower (ed.), Advances in Learning, New York: Academic Press.
  27. Posner, M.I. (1969). Reduced attention and the performance of "automated movements". Journal of Motor Behavior, 1: 245-258.
  28. Posner, M.I. & Keele, S.W. (1970). Retention of abstract ideas. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 83: 304-308.
  29. Posner, M.I. (1970). On the relationship between letter names and superordinate categories. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 22: 279-287.
  30. Posner, M.I. (1971). Perception. In, Yearbook of Science and Technology, New York: McGraw Hill.
  31. Posner, M.I. (1971). Cognition: Hard boiled and soft shelled. A review of Antrobus, J. Cognition and Affect: Contemporary Psychology, 16: 547-548.
  32. Posner, M.I. & Boies, S.J. (1972). Components of attention. Psychological Review, 78: 391-408. Reprinted in M. Coltheart (ed.), Readings in Cognition. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
  33. Posner, M.I. & Keele, S.W. (1972). Skill learning. In R. Travers (ed.), Handbook of Research in Teaching, (American Research Association). New York: Rand McNally.
  34. Posner, M.I., Lewis, J., & Conrad, C. (1972). Component processes in reading: A performance analysis. In J. Kavanaugh and I. Mattingly (eds.), Language by Ear and by Eye. Boston: MIT Press, (pp; 159-192).
  35. Posner, M.I. & Warren, R. (1972). Traces, concepts and conscious constructions. In A.W. Melton and E. Martin (eds.), Coding Theory and Learning and Memory. New York: Winston, (pp 25-43).
  36. Posner, M.I. (1972). After the revolution...What? A review of D. Broadbent (ed.), Decision and Stress, Contemporary Psychology, 17: 185-188.
  37. Posner, M.I. (1973). Natural and artificial. In R. Solso (ed.), Contemporary Issues in Cognitive Psychology: The Loyola Symposium, New York: Wiley.
  38. Posner, M.I. & Klein, R. (1973). On the functions of consciousness. In S Korkblum (ed.), Attention and Performance IV, New York: Academic Press.
  39. Osgood, G.W., Posner, M.I., & Lyon, D.R. (1973). Computers in the training of experimental inquiry in psychology. Proceedings of the Fourth Conference of Computers in the Undergraduate Curriculum, Claremont, California.
  40. Posner, M.I. (1973). Coordination on internal codes. In W.G. Chase (ed.), Visual Information Processing, New York: Academic Press ( pp. 35-73).
  41. Posner, M.I., Klein, R., Summers, J., & Buggie, S. (1973). On the selection of signals. Memory and Cognition, 1: 2-12.
  42. Klein, R. & Posner, M.I. (1974). Attention to visual and kinesthetic components of skills. Brain Research, 7:401-411.
  43. Posner, M.I. (1974). Cognition: An introduction. Glenview, IL: Scott-Foresman.
  44. Posner, M.I. (1974). The memory system. A review of J. Anderson and G. Bower's Human Associative Memory. Science, 183: 1283-1284.
  45. Posner, M.I. & Snyder, C.R.R. (1975). Facilitation and inhibition in the processing of signals. Attention and Performance V, New York Press, (pp. 669-681).
  46. Posner, M.I. (1975). Psychobiology of attention. In M. Gazzaniga and C. Blakemore (eds.), Handbook of Psychobiology. New York: Academic Press, (pp. 441-480).
  47. Posner, M.I. (1975). Temporal course of information processing in the human nervous system. In G.F. Inbar (ed.), Signal Analysis in Pattern Recognition and Biochemical Engineering. Jerusalem: Israel Universities Press, (pp. 157-176).
  48. Posner, M.I., & Snyder, C.R.R. (1975). Attention and cognitive control. In R. Solso (ed.), Information Processing and Cognition: The Loyola Symposium. Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  49. Posner, M.I., Nissen, M.J., & Klein, R. (1976). Visual dominance: An information processing account of its origins and significance. Psychological Review, 83: 157-17. Proceedings of the International Congress of Physical Activity Sciences, Quebec City, 1976.
  50. Posner, M.I., Nissen, M.J., & Ogden, W.C. (1977). Attended and unattended processing modes: the role of set from spatial location. In H.J. Pick (ed.), Modes of Perception. Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  51. Posner, M.I. (1977). Applying theories and theorizing about applications. In L. Resnick and P. Weaver (eds.), Theory and Applications of Reading.
  52. Posner, M.I. & McLean, J. (1977). Cognition: Steady progress or fresh start? A review of U. Neisser's, Cognition and Reality, Contemporary Psychology.
  53. Posner, M.I. (1978). Chronometric Explorations of Mind. Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  54. Carr, T.H., Posner, M.I., Pollatsek, A. & Snyder, C.R.R. (1979). Orthography and familiarity effects in words processing. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 108: 389-414.
  55. Posner, M.I. (1979). Comparing chronometric methods. Commentary: The Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 2: 276.
  56. Sen, A. & Posner, M.I. (1979). The effect of unattended auditory and visual words on cross modal naming. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 13: 405-408.
  57. Posner, M.I. & Shulman, G.L. (1979). Cognitive Science. In E. Hearst (ed.), The First 100 Years of Experimental Psychology, (pp. 371-406).
  58. Posner, M.I. & Cohen, Y. (1980). Attention and the control of movements. In G.E. Stelmach and J. Requin (eds.), Tutorials in Motor Behavior. Amsterdam: North Holland, (pp. 243-258).
  59. Posner, M.I., Davidson, B.J. & Snyder, C.R.R. (1980). Attention and the detection of signals. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 109: 160-174.
  60. Posner, M.I. (1980). Orienting of attention. The 7th Sir F.C. Bartlett Lecture. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 32: 3-25.
  61. Posner, M.I. & Hanson, V.L. (1980). Analyzing spoken and written language. In R. A. Cole (ed.), Perception and Production of Fluent Speech. Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, (pp. 201-211).
  62. Posner, M.I. (1980). Mental chronometry and the problem of consciousness. In R. Klein and P. Juszyck (eds.), Structure of Thought: Essays in Honor of D.O. Hebb, Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, (pp. 95-113).
  63. Posner, M.I. & Osgood, G. (1980). Computers in the training of inquiry. Behavioral Research and Instrumentation, 12: 87-905.
  64. Posner, M.I. & Rothbart, M.K. (1980). The development of attentional mechanisms. In J.H. Flowers (ed), Nebraska Symposium on Motivation. Lincoln Neb.: Nebraska University Press, (pp. 1-49).
  65. Posner, M.I. (1981). Cognition and neural systems. Cognition, 10: 261-266.
  66. Posner, M.I. (1981). Cognition and personality. In N. Cantor and J. Kihlstrom (eds.), Personality, Cognition and Social Interaction. Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum, (pp. 339-348).
  67. Posner, M.I. (1982). Cumulative development of attentional theory. American Psychologist, 32: 53-64.
  68. Posner, M.I., Cohen, Y., & Rafal, R.D. (1982). Neural systems control of spatial orienting. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, 298: 187-198.
  69. Posner, M.I. & McLeod, P. (1982). Information processing models: In search of elementary operations. Annual Review of Psychology, 33: 477-514.
  70. Posner, M.I., Pea, R. & Volpe, B. (1982). Cognitive neuroscience: Developments toward a science of synthesis. In J. Mehler, E. Walker and M Garrett (eds.), Perspectives on Mental Representations. Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, (pp. 251-275).
  71. Posner, M.I. & Henik, A. (1983). Isolating representational systems. In J. Beck, B. Hope and A. Rosenfeld (eds.), Human and Machine Vision, New York: Academic Press, (pp.395-412).
  72. McLeod, P. & Posner, M.I. (1984). Privileged loops from percept to act. In H. Bouma and D. Bowhuis (eds.), Attention and Performance X, Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, (pp. 55-66).
  73. Posner, M.I. & Cohen, Y. (1984). Components of attention. In H. Bouma and D. Bowhuis (eds.), Attention and Performance X. Hillsdale N.J.:Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, (pp. 531-556).
  74. Posner, M.I., Cohen, Y., Choate, L., Hockey, R., & Maylor, E. (1984). Sustained concentration: Passive filtering or active orienting. In S. Kornblum and J. Requin (eds.), Preparatory States and Processes, Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, (pp. 49-65).
  75. Posner, M.I. (1984). Neural systems and cognitive processes. In K. Lagerspetz and P. Niemi (eds.), Psychology in the 1990's, Amsterdam:North Holland, (pp. 241-251). Posner, M.I., Walker, J.A., Friedrich, F. J. & Rafal, R.D. (1984). Effects of parietal lobe injury on covert orienting of visual attention. Journal of Neuroscience, 4: 1863- 1874.
  76. Posner, M.I. (1984). Mechanisms of attention. In H. Stevenson and C. C. Ching (eds.), Studies of Cognition. Proceedings of a joint meeting of the Chinese and U.S. Academy of Sciences. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association, (pp. 373-380).
  77. Posner, M.I. (1984). Current research in the study of selective attention. In E. Donchin (ed.), Cognitive Psychophysiology: Event-related Potentials and the Study of Cognition, 2: 37-50. Hillsdale, N.J.:Lawrence Erlbaum.
  78. Rafal, R.D., Posner, M.I., Walker, J.A., & Friedrich, F.A. (1984). Cognition and the basal ganglia: separating mental and motor components of performance in Parkinson's disease. Brain, 107: 1092-1094.
  79. Posner, M.I. (1984). Selective attention and the storage of information. In J. McGaugh, G. Lynch and N. Weinberger (eds.), Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, New York: Guilford Press, (pp. 89-101).
  80. Friedrich, F.J., Walker, J.A., & Posner, M.I. (1985). Effects of parietal lesions on visual matching: Implications for reading errors. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 2: 250-264.
  81. Posner, M.I., Rafal, R.D., Choate, L. & Vaughan, J. (1985). Inhibition of return: Neural mechanisms and function. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 2: 211-228.
  82. Posner, M.I. (1985). Chronometric measures of "g". Commentary on A.R. Jensen's, The Nature of Black White Differences on Various Psychometric Tests: Spearman's Hypothesis. The Behavioral and Brain Sciences, (pp. 237-238).
  83. Posner, M.I. & Marin, O.S.M (eds.) (1985). Attention and Performance XI: Mechanisms of Attention. Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  84. Rothbart, M.K. & Posner, M.I. (1985). Temperament and the development of self regulation. In H. Hartledge and C.R. Telzrow (eds.), Neuropsychology of Individual Differences, New York: Plenum.
  85. Posner, M.I. (1986). Chronometric Explorations of Mind. Paperback edition. New York: Oxford.
  86. Posner, M.I. (1986). A framework for relating cognitive and neural systems. EEG and Clinical Neurophysiology, 38: 155-166, Supplement.
  87. Posner, M.I. (1986). Empirical studies of prototypes. In C. Craig (ed.), Noun Classification and Categorization. Amsterdam: Benjamines, (pp. 53-61).
  88. Posner, M.I. & Friedrich, F.J. (1986). Attention and the control of cognition. In S.L. Friedrich, K.A. Klivington, and R.W. Peterson (eds.), The Brain, Cognition and Education. New York: Academic Press. (pp. 81-103).
  89. Prinzmetal, W., Presti, D. & Posner, M.I. (1986). Does attention affect feature integration? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 12: 361-369.
  90. Posner, M.I. (ed.), (1986). Section on information processing. In: K. Boff, J. Thomas, and L. Kaufman (eds.), Handbook of Perception and Performance, 2: 3-10, New York: Wiley.
  91. Posner, M.I. & Rothbart, M.K. (1986). The concept of energy in psychological theory. In Hockey, G.R.J., Gaillard, A.W.K., and M.G.N. Coles, (eds.), Energetics and Human Information Processing. North Holland, Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff, (pp. 23-40).
  92. Posner, M.I. & Rafal, R.D. (1986). Cognitive theories of attention and the rehabilitation of attentional deficit. In R. J. Meir, L. Diller, and A.C. Benton (eds.), Neuropsychological Rehabilitation. London: Churchill-Livingston.
  93. Posner, M.I. & Presti, D. (1987). Selective attention and cognitive control. Trends in Neuroscience, 10: 12-17.
  94. Posner, M.I., Walker, J.A., Friedrich, F.J. & Rafal, R.D. (1987). How do the parietal lobes direct covert attention? Neuropsychologia, 25A: 135-146.
  95. Posner, M.I. (1987). Cognitive neuropsychology and the problem of selective attention. In, EEG and Clinical Neurophysiology, 39: 313-316, Supplement.
  96. Posner, M.I. (1987). Preface to paperback edition of D.E. Broadbent, Perception and Communication. Oxford University Press.
  97. Posner, M.I., Inhoff, A., Friedrich, F.J. & Cohen, A. (1987). Isolating attentional systems: A cognitive-anatomical analysis. Psychobiology, 15: 107-121.
  98. Sandson, J. & Posner, M.I. (1987). Procedures for the study of brain-behavior relations. Book review in Contemporary Psychology, 32: 717-718.
  99. Rafal, R.D. & Posner, M.I. (1987). Deficits in human spatial attention following thalamic lesions. Proc. Nat. Acad. of Sci., 84: 7349-7353.
  100. Posner, M.I. (1987). Selective attention in head injury. In H.S. Levin, H.M. Eisenberg & J. Grafman (eds.), Neurobehavioural Recovery From Head Injury, Oxford University Press: New York (pp. 390-397).
  101. Petersen, S.E., Fox, P.T., Posner, M.I., Mintun, M. & Raichle, M.E. (1987). Positron emission tomographic studies of the cortical anatomy of single word processing. Nature, 331: 585-589.
  102. Posner, M.I. (1988). Structures and functions of selective attention. In T. Boll and B. Bryant (eds.), Master Lectures in Clinical Neuropsychology and Brain Function: Research, Measurement, and Practice, American Psychological Association (pp. 171-202).
  103. Rafal, R.D., Posner, M.I., Friedman, J.H. Inhoff, A.W. & Bernstein, E. (1988). Orienting of visual attention in progressive supranuclear palsy. Brain, 111: 267- 280.
  104. Sieroff, E., Pollatsek, A. & Posner, M.I. (1988). Recognition of visual letter strings following injury to the posterior visual spatial attention system. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 5: 427-449.
  105. Sieroff, E. & Posner, M.I. (1988). Cueing spatial attention during processing of words and letter strings in normals. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 5: 451-472.
  106. Posner, M.I., Early, T.S., Reiman, E., Pardo, P.J., & Dhawan, M. (1988). Asymmetries in hemispheric control of attention in schizophrenia. Archives of General Psychiatry, 45: 814-821.
  107. Posner, M.I., Petersen, S.E., Fox. P.T. & Raichle, M.E. (1988). Localization of cognitive functions in the human brain. Science, 240: 1627-1631.
  108. Sandson, J., Crosson, B., Posner, M.I., Barco, P.P., Velozo, C.A. & Brobeck, T.C. (1988). Attentional imbalances following head injury. In J.M. Williams & C. J. Long (eds.), Cognitive Neuropsychology, New York: Plenum (pp. 45-49).
  109. Posner, M.I. (1988). What is it to be an expert? In M.T.H. Chi, R. Glaser & M.J. Farr (eds.), The Nature of Expertise. Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, xxix-xxxvi.
  110. Posner, M.I., Sandson, J., Dhawan, M. & Shulmlan, G.L. (1989). Is word recognition automatic? A cognitive anatomical approach. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 1: 50-60.
  111. Petersen, S.E., Fox, P.T., Posner, M.I., Mintun, M. & Raichle, M.E. (1989). Positron emission tomographic studies of the processing of single words. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 1: 153-170.
  112. Inhoff, A. W., Pollatsek, A., Posner, M.I. & Reyner, K. (1989). Covert attention and eye movements during reading. Quarterly Journal of Exp. Psychol., 41A: 63-89.
  113. Posner, M.I. (1989). Neural systems of selective attention. Encyclopedia of Neuroscience Yearbook, (pp. 155-156).
  114. Posner, M.I. & Rothbart, M. K. (1989). Intentional chapters on unintended thoughts. In J.S. Uleman & J.A. Bargh (eds.), Unintended Thought: The Limits of Awareness, Intention and Control. New York: Guilford, (pp. 450-469).
  115. Early, T.S., Posner, M.I., Reiman, E.M. & Raichle, M.E. (1989). Hyperactivity of the left stiato-pallidal projection, Part I: Lower level theory. Psychiatric Developments, 2: 85-108.
  116. Early, T.S., Posner, M.I., Reiman, E.M., & Raichle, M.E. (1989). Hyperactivity of the left striato-pallidal projection; Part II: Phenomenology and thought disorder. Psychiatric Developments, 2: 109-121.
  117. Posner, M.I. & Nakagawa, A. (1989). A cognitive neuroscience perspective to control deficits in schizophrenia. European Bulletin of Cognitive Science, 9: 667-670. Posner, M.I. (Ed.). (1989). Foundations of Cognitive Science. Cambridge: Bradford Books/MIT Press.
  118. Posner, M.I. & Petersen, S.E. (1990) The attention system of the human brain. Annual Review of Neuroscience, 13, 25-42.
  119. Posner, M.I. (1990). Hierarchical distributed networks in the neuropsychology of selective attention. In A. Carramaza (ed.), Cognitive Neuropsychology and Neurolinguistics: Advances in Models of Cognitive Function and Impairment. New York: Plenum, (pp. 187-210).
  120. Posner, M.I. & Rothbart, M.K. (1990). The evolution and development of the brain's attention system. Quarterly Journal of Exp. Psychol., 42A: 189-190, (abstract).
  121. Posner, M.I. & Early, T.E. (1990). Letter reply. Archives of General Psychiatry, 47: 394-95.
  122. Reuter-Lorenz, P.A. & Posner, M.I. (1990). Components of neglect from right hemisphere damage: An analysis of line bisection. Neuropsychologia, 28: 327- 334.
  123. Rothbart, M.K., Posner, M.I. & Boylan, A. (1990). Regulatory mechanisms in infant temperament. In J. Enns (ed.), The Development of Attention: Research and Theory, (pp. 47-65). Amsterdam: North Holland.
  124. Posner, M.I. (1991). Cognitive-neuroscience approach to lexical access. In, Perception, Cognition and Brain: Fourth Yakult Symposium. Tokyo: Yakult Honsha.
  125. Posner, M.I. & Briand, K. (1991). Attention. Encyclopedia of Biology. Academic Press, New York, (pp. 479-484.)
  126. Compton, P., Grossenbacher, P., Posner, M.I. & Tucker, D.M. (I991). A cognitiveanatomical approach to attention in lexical access. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 3(4): 304-312
  127. Johnson, M.H., Posner, M.I. & Rothbart, M.K. (1991). Components of visual orienting in early infancy: Contingency learning, anticipatory looking and disengaging. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 3(4): 335-344.
  128. Clohessy, A.B., Posner, M.I., Rothbart, M.K. & Vecera, S.P. (1991). The development of inhibition of return in early infancy. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 3(4): 345-350.
  129. Vecera, S.P., Rothbart, M.K. & Posner, M.I. (1991). Development of spontaneous alternation in infancy. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 3(4): 351-354.
  130. Rothlind, J. Posner, M.I. & Schaughency, E. (1991). Lateralized control of eye movements in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 3(4): 377-381.
  131. Swanson, J.M., Posner, M.I., Potkin, S., Bonforte, S. Youpa, D., Cantwell, D. & Crinella, F. (1991). Activating tasks for the study of visual-spatial attention in ADHD children: A cognitive anatomical approach. Journal of Child Neurology, 6: S119- S127.
  132. Posner, M.I., Dwivedi, C.B. & Singh, I.L. (eds.) (1991). Contemporary Approaches to Cognitive Psychology. Rishi Publication: Varanasi.
  133. Posner, M.I. & Rothbart, M.K. (1992). Attention and conscious experience. In A.D. Milner & M.D. Rugg (eds), The Neuropsychology of Consciousness. London: Academic Press (pp. 91-112).
  134. Inhoff, A., Rafal, R.D. & Posner, M.I. (1992). Bimodal extinction without cross-modal extinction. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 55: 36-39.
  135. Posner, M.I. (1992). Attention as a cognitive and neural system. Directions in Psychology Science, 1(1): 11-14.
  136. Posner, M.I. & Carr, T.H. (1992). Lexical access and the brain: Anatomical constraints on cognitive models of word recognition. American Journal of Psychology, 105: 1-26.
  137. Posner, M.I. & Driver, J. (1992). Neurobiology of selective attention. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 2(2): 165-169.
  138. Posner, M.I. & Bourke, P. (1992). Cognitive psychology: A 25th anniversary appraisal. Book review of U. Neisser, Cognitive Psychology, American J. of Psychology, 105(4): 621-626.
  139. Posner, M.I. (1992). Biographical Memoir of Arthur Melton. National Academy of Sciences Press.
  140. Curran, T., Tucker, D.M., Kutas, M. & Posner, M.I. (1993). Brain electrical activity reflecting semantic expectancy. EEG and Clinical Neurophysiology.EEG and Clinical Neurophysiology, 88: 188-209.
  141. Posner, M.I. (1993). Attention before and during the decade of the brain. In D. Meyer and S. Kornblum (eds.), Attention and Performance XIV. Cambridge MA:MIT Press (pp. 340-351).
  142. Posner, M.I. & McCandliss, B. (1993). Converging methods for investigating lexical access. Psychological Science, 4: 305-309.
  143. Posner, M.I. & Spitzer, M. (1993). Carving the mind at its joints. Book review of S. Kosslyn & O. Koenig (eds.), Wet Mind, American Scientist, 18: 180-182.
  144. Posner, M.I. (1993). Interaction of arousal and selection in the posterior attention network. In A. Baddeley and L. Weiskrantz (eds.), Attention: Selection, Awareness and Control. A Tribute to Donald Broadbent. Oxford University Press (pp. 390- 405).
  145. Posner, M.I. (1993) Seeing the mind. Science, 262: 673-674.
  146. Dehaene, S., Posner, M.I. & Tucker, D.M. (1994). Localization of a neural system for error detection and compensation. Psychological Science, 5: 303-305.
  147. Early, T.S., Haller, J.Wl, Posner, M.I., & Raichle, M.E. (1994). The left striato-pallidal hyperactivity model of schizophrenia. In A.S. David & J.C. Cuttings (eds.), The Neuropsychology of Schizophrenia, Hillsdale N.J.: Erlbaum (pp. 15-38).Posner, M.I. & Deheane, S. (1994). Attentional Networks. Trends in Neuroscience,7: 75-79.
  148. Johnson, M.H., Posner, M.I., & Rothbart, M.K. (1994). Facilitation of saccades toward a covertly attended location in early infancy. Psychological Science, (pp. 90-93).
  149. Posner, M.I. & Raichle, M.E. (1994). Images of Mind. Scientific American Books.
  150. Posner, M.I. (1994). Local and distributed processes in attentional orienting. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 17(1): 78-79.
  151. Desimone, R. & Posner, M.I. (eds.) (1994). Research in Cognitive Neuroscience. Current Opinion in Neurobiology. 4/2: 147-150, Overview.
  152. Tucker, D.M. Liotti, M., Potts, G., Russell, G. & Posner, M.I. (1994). Spatiotemporal analysis of brain electrical fields. Human Brain Mapping, 1: 134-152.
  153. Rothbart, M.K., Derryberry, D. & Posner, M.I. (1994). A psychobiological approach to the development of termperament. In J.E. Bates & T.D. Wachs (eds.), Temperament: Individual Differences at the Interface of Biology and Behavior. APA: Washingto D.C. (pp. 83-116).
  154. Posner, M.I., Grossenbacher, P. & Compton, P.E. (1994). Visual attention. In M. Farah and G. Ratcliff (eds.) The Neuropsychology of High-Level Vision: Collected Tutorial Essays. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates (pp., 217-239).
  155. Posner, M.I & Rothbart, M.K. (1994). Constructing neuronal theories of mind. In C. Koch & J. Davis (eds.), High Level Neuronal Theories of the Brain. Cambridge Mass: MIT Press, (pp.183-199).
  156. Posner, M.I. (1994). Attention and psychopathology. Actualities Psychiatriques, 1/1: p. 4, (special issue on attentional pathologies).
  157. Posner, M.I. & Rothbart, M.K. (1994). Attentional regulation: From mechanism to culture. In P. Bertelson, P. Eelen, & G. D'Ydavalle (eds.), International Perspective on Psychological Science, Vol. I, Leading Themes. Hillsdale, NJ: LEA Associates, (pp. 41-56).
  158. Posner, M.I. (1994). Attention: the mechanism of consciousness. Proc. National Acad of Sciences, U.S.A., 91(16): 7398-7402.
  159. Harman, C., Posner, M.I., Rothbart, M.K. & Thomas-Thrapp, L. (1994). Development of orienting to objects and locations in human infants. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 48: 2:301-318.
  160. Posner, M.I, Rothbart, M.K. & Harman, C. (1994). Cognitive science contributions to culture and emotion. In S. Ktayma & H. Marcus (eds.), Culture and Emotion. Washington D.C.: American Psychological Assoc. (pp. 197-216).
  161. Posner, M.I. (1994). Neglect and spatial attention. Cognitive Rehabilitation, 4(2): 183- 187.
  162. Posner, M.I. (1994). Attention in Cognitive Neuroscience. In M.S. Gazzaniga (ed.), Handbook of Cognitive Neuroscience. Cambridge: MIT Press, (pp. 615-624).
  163. Mayr, U. & Posner, M.I. (1994). Neuropsychology of attention: Book review of R.A. Cohen. Neurospsychologia, 32: 1307-1308.
  164. Jackson, S., Marrocco, R. & Posner, M.I. (1994). Networks of anatomical areas controlling visual spatial attention. Neural Networks, 7: 925-944.
  165. Rothbart, M.K., Posner, M.I., and Rosicky, J. (1994). Orienting in normal and pathological development. Development and Psychopathology, 6: 635-652.
  166. Posner, M.I. (1995). Modulation by Instruction commentary. Nature, 373: 398-399.
  167. Snyder, A.Z., Abdullaev, Y. Posner, M.I. & Raichle, M.E. (1995). Scalp electrical potentials reflect regional cerebral blood flow responses during processing of written words. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 92: 1689-93.
  168. Posner, M.I. (1995). Forward. In M.D. Rugg and M.G.H. Coles (eds.), Electrophysiology of Mind, Oxford: University Press.
  169. Posner, M.I. & Raichle, M.E. (1995). Images of mind: A precis for multicommentary. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 18/2: 327-400.
  170. Rothbart, M.K. Hershey, K. & Posner, M.I. (1995). Temperament, attention and developmental psychopathology. In D. Cicchetti & D. Cohen, (eds.), Manual of Developmental Psychopathology. New York: Wiley, Vol. 1: 315-340.
  171. Carr, T. & Posner, M.I. (1995). The impact of learning to read on the functional anatomy of language processing. In B. De Gelder & J. Morais (eds.), Speech and Reading: A Comparative Approach. Earlbaum (UK): Taylor & Francis (pp. 267- 294).
  172. Badgaiyan, R. & Posner, M.I. (1996). Priming reduces input activity in right posterior cortex during stem completion. Neuroreport, 7: 2975-2978.
  173. DiGirolamo, G.J. & Posner, M.I. (1996). Attention and schizophrenia. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 1 (2): 95-102.
  174. Posner, M.I. (1996). Attention: An interview. Journal of Cogntive Neuroscience, 8: 83-87.
  175. Posner, M.I. & Abdullaev, Y. (1996). What to image? Anatomy, plasticity and circuitry of human brain function. In A.W. Toga & J.C. Mazziotta (eds.), Brain Mapping: The Methods. New York: Academic Press (pp. 407-421).
  176. Posner, M.I. & Abdullaev, Y. (1996). Devoiler la dynamique de la lecture. La Recherche, 289: 66-69.
  177. Posner, M.I. (1996). Attentional networks and psychopathology. Harvard Mental Health Review, Sept., p 5-6.
  178. Potts, G.F., Liotti, M., Tucker, D.M., & Posner, M.I. (1996). Frontal and inferior temporal cortical activity in visual target detection: Evidence from high spatially sampled event-related potentials. Brain Topography, 9: 3-14.
  179. Abdullaev, Y. & Posner, M.I. (1997). Time course of activating brain areas in generating verbal associations. Psychological Science, 8: 56-59.
  180. Badigaiyan, R. & Posner, M.I. (1997). Time course of cortical activations in implict and explicit recall. Journal of Neuroscience, 17 (12): 4904-4913.
  181. Fernandez-Duque, D. & Posner, M.I. (1997). Relating the mechanisms of alerting and orienting. Neuropsychologia, 35: 477-486.
  182. McCandliss, B.D., Posner, M.I. & Givon, T. (1997). Brain plasticity in learning visual words. Cognitive Psychology, 33: 88-110.
  183. Posner, M.I. (1997). Neuroimaging of cognitive processes. Cognitive Psychology, 33: 2-4.
  184. Posner, M.I., Rothbart, M.K. Gerardi, G. & Thomas-Thrapp. (1997). Functions of orienting in early infancy. In P. Lang, M. Balaban & R.F.Simmons, (eds.), The Study of Attention: Cognitive Perspectives From Psychophysiology, Reflexology and Neuroscience. Hillsdale N.J.: Erlbaum (pp. 327-346).
  185. Posner, M.I., DiGirolamo, G.J., & Fernandez-Duque, D. (1997). Brain mechanisms of cognitive skills. Journal of Consciousness and Cognition, 6: 267-290.
  186. Posner, M.I., & Tudela, P. (1997). Imaging resources. Biological Psychology, 45: 95- 107.
  187. Posner, M.I. & Levitin, D. (1997). Imaging the future. In R. Solso (ed.), Science of the Mind: The 2lst Century. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press (pp. 91-109).
  188. Posner, M.I. & Raichle, M.E. (eds) (1998). Overview: The neuroimaging of human brain function. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the U.S., 95: 763-764.
  189. Abdullaev, Y.G. & Posner, M.I. (1998). Event-related brain potential imaging of semantic encoding during processing single words. Neuroimage, 7: 1-13.
  190. Posner, M.I. & Pavese, A. (1998). Anatomy of word and sentence meaning. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 95: 899-905.
  191. Posner, M.I. & DiGirolamo, G.J. (1998). Executive Attention: Conflict, target detection and cognitive control. In R. Parasuraman (ed.), The Attentive Brain, Cambridge: MIT Press (pp. 401-423).
  192. Badgaiyan, R. & Posner, M.I. (1998). Mapping the Cingulate Cortex in response selection and monitoring. NeuroImage, 7: 255-260.
  193. Posner, M.I. & Badgaiyan, R. (1998) Attention and neural networks. In R.W. Parks, D.S. Levine & D.L. Long eds. Fundamental of neural network modeling: Neuropsychology and cognitive neuroscience. Cambridge: MIT Press, 61-76.
  194. Posner, M.I. & Desimone, R.E. (ed) (1998). Overview: Beyond Images. Current Opinion in Neurobiology 8/2: 175-177.
  195. Sereno, S. C., Rayner, K. & Posner, M.I. (1998) Establishing a time line of word recognition: evidence from eye movements and event-related potentials. NeuroReport, 9:2195-2200.
  196. Swanson, J., Posner, M.I., Cantwell, D., Wigal, S., Crinella, F., Filipek, P., Emerson, J., Tucker, D., & Nalcioglu, O. (1998). Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Symptom domain, cognitive processes and neural networks. In R. Parasuraman (ed), The Attentive Brain, Cambridge: MIT Press (pp. 445-460).
  197. Temple, E. & Posner, M.I. (1998). Brain mechanisms of quantity are similar in 5-yearolds and adults. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the U.S.A., 95: 7836-7841.
  198. Posner, M.I. & Rothbart, M.K. (1998). Developing attention skills. In J. Richards (ed.) Cognitive Neuroscience of Attention: A Developmental Perspective, Hillsdale, NJ: LEA. pp. 317-323.
  199. Posner, M.I., Rothbart, M.K., Thomas-Thrapp, L, & Gerardi, G. (1998). Development of orienting to locations and objects in R. Wright (ed.), Visual Attention, New York: Oxford University Press, 269-288.
  200. Posner, M.I. & Rothbart, M.K. (1998). Attention, self regulation and consciousness. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B: 353, 1915-1927.
  201. Posner, M.I. , Abdullaev, Y., McCandliss, B.D. & Sereno, S.E. (1999). Neuroanatomy, circuity and plasticity of word reading.Neuroreport, 10:R12-23.
  202. Posner, M.I. & Gilbert, C.D. (1999). Attention and primary visual cortex: Proc. Nat. Acad. of Science of U.S.A., 96/6: 2585-2587
  203. Stormark, J.M., Hugdahl, K. & Posner, M.I. (1999). Emotional modulation of attentional orienting: a classical conditioning study. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, Vol. 40, No. 2. 91-99
  204. Posner, M.I. (1999). The Brain and Emotion. A review of Edmund Rolls book. Nature Medicine. 5/6:605.
  205. Posner, M.I. , Abdullaev, Y., McCandliss, B.D. & Sereno, S.E. (1999). Anatomy, Circuitry and plasticity of word reading in J. Everatt (ed). Reading and Dyslexia: visual and attentional processes. London: Routledge 137-162.
  206. Posner M.I. (1999) Current research in cognitive neuroscience. In I. Singh & R.Parasuraman (eds) Human Cognition: A multidisciplinary perspective. New Delhi: Sage 41-54.
  207. Posner, M.I. & Clegg, B.A. (1999) Stages and energetics in laboratory and life. . A book review of A.F. Sanders Elements of Human performance: reaction processes and attention in human skill Contemporary Psychology, 44/4:312-314.
  208. Posner, M. I., & Fernandez-Duque, D. (1999). Attention in the human brain. In R. A. Wilson & F. C. Keil (Eds.), The MIT Encyclopedia of the Cognitive Sciences (pp. 43- 45). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  209. Posner, M.I. (Nov. 1999) Brain imaging: localization of brain functions. Encyclopedia of Life Sciences. Nature Pub. Group:London , www.els.net
  210. Posner, M.I. & McCandliss, B.D. (1999). Brain circuitry during reading. In R. Klein & P. McMullen (Eds) Converging methods for understanding reading and dyslexia. Cambridge:MIT Press page 305-337.
  211. Posner, M.I., Rothbart, M.D. & DiGirolamo, G.J. (1999). Development of brain networks for orienting to novelty. Pavlov Journal of Higher Nervous Activity. 49/5 p. 715-722 Posner, M.I. (1999). Localizing cognitive operations. Brain Research Bulletin. 50/5- 6:413
  212. Albright, T., Jessel, T., Kandel, E. & Posner, M.I. (2000). Neural communication: what problems have been demystified in the 20th century and what mysteries remain. Cell, 100:S1-S55.
  213. Albright, T.D., Kandel, E. & Posner, M.I. (2000). Cognitive Neuroscience. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 10/5:612-624.
  214. Berger, A. & Posner, M.I. (2000). Pathologies of brain attentional networks. Neuroscience Reviews, 24/1:3-5.
  215. Berger, A., Jones, L., Rothbart, M.K. & Posner, M.I. (2000). Computreized games to study the development of attention in childhood. Behavioral Research Methods and Instrumentation, 32:29-303.
  216. Bush, G., Luu, P. & Posner, M.I. (2000). Cognitive and emotional influences in the anterior cingulate cortex. Trends in Cognitive Science , 4/6:215-222.
  217. Fernadez-Duque, D., Baird, J.A. & Posner, M.I. (2000). Executive attention and metacognitive regulation. Cognition & Consciousness, 9:288-307.
  218. Fernadez-Duque, D., Baird, J.A. & Posner, M.I. (2000). Attention and awareness in self regulation. Cognition & Consciousness, 9:324-326.
  219. Pardo, P.J., Knesevich, M.A., Vogler, G.P, Pardo J.V., Towne, B., Clonninger, C.R. & Posner,M.I. (2000). Genetic and state variables of neurocognitive dysfunction in schizophrenia: A twin study. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 26:459-477.
  220. Posner, M.I. (2000). Exploiting Cognitive Brain Imaging. Brain and Cognition, 42:64-67.
  221. Posner, M.I. & DiGirolamo, G.J. (2000). Attention in cognitive neuroscience: An overview. In M.S. Gazzaniga (ed.), The New Cognitive Neurosciences Second Edition (pp. 621-632).
  222. Posner, M.I. & DiGirolamo, G.J. (2000). Cognitive Neuroscience: Origins and Prospects. Psychological Bulletin, 126:873-889.
  223. Posner, M.I. & Rothbart, M.K. (2000). Developing mechanisms of self-regulation. Development and Psychopathology, 12:427-441.
  224. Sohlberg, M.M., McLaughlin, K.A., Pavese, A., Heidrich, A. & Posner, M.I. (2000). Evaluation of attention process therapy training in persons with acquired brain injury. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 22:656-676.
  225. Swanson, J.M., Floodman, P., Kennedy, J.M., Spence, A.M., Moyzes, M., Schruck, S., Murias, M., Moriarty, J, Barr, C., Smith, M., & Posner, M.I. (2000). Dopamine genes and ADHD. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 24:1:21-25.
  226. Swanson J, Oosterlaan J, Murias M, Schuck S, Flodman P, Spence MA, Wasdell M, Ding Y, Chi H, Smith M, Mann M, Carlson C, Kennedy MJ, Sergeant J, Leung P, Zhang Y, Sadeh A, Chen C, Moyzis R, Posner MI. (2000). Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder children with a 7-repeat allele of the dopamine receptor D4 gene have extreme behavior but normal performance on critical neuropsychological tests of attention. Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences, 97: 4754-4759.
  227. Albright, T.D., Jessell, T.M., Kandell, E.R. & Posner, M.I. (2001). Progress in the neural sciences in the the century after Cajal (and the mysteries that remain). Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 929:11-40.
  228. Berger, A. & Posner, M.I. (2001). Ontogeny of brain and behavior: A neuropsychological perspective. In A.F. Kalverboer & A. Gramsbergen (eds), Handbook of Brain and Behaviour in Human Development. Dordrecht, The Netherlands:Kluwer Academic Publishers (pp. 11-31).
  229. Clohessy, A.B., Posner, M.I., & Rothbart, M.K. (2001). Development of the functional visual field. Acta Psychologica, 106:51-68.
  230. Fan, J., Wu, Y., Fossella, J. & Posner, M.I. (2001). Assessing the heritability of attentional networks BioMed Central Neuroscience, 2:14.
  231. Fernadez-Duque, D. & Posner, M.I. (2001). Brain imaging of attentional networks in normal and pathological states. Journal of Experimental and Clinical Neuropsychology, 23:74-93.
  232. Nikolaev, A.R., Ivanitsky, G.A., Ivanitsky, A.M., Abdullaev, Y.G. & Posner, M.I. 2001). Short-term correlation between frontal and Wernicke's areas in word association. Neuroscience Letters, 298:107-110.
  233. Posner, M.I. (2001). Educating the human brain: A commentary. In J. McClelland and R. Siegler (eds.), Mechanisms of Cognitive Development: Behavioral and Neural Perspectives. Hillsdale N.J.:LEA, Ch 16 (pp. 387-399).
  234. Posner, M.I. (2001). Normal and pathological development of the nervous system. Clinical Neuroscience Research, 1(3):173-174.
  235. Posner, M.I. (2001). Cognitive neuroscience and consciousness. Forward to P. Grossenbacher (ed.), Finding Consciousness in the Brain. Benjamins:Amstedam IXXI.
  236. Posner, M.I (2001). Developing Brains: The work of the Sackler Institute. Clinical Neuroscience Research, 1(4):258-266.
  237. Posner, M.I. (2001). Cognitive neuroscience: The synthesis of mind and brain. In E. Dupoux (ed.), Language, Brain and Cognitive Development: Essays in Honor of Jacques Mehler. Cambridge, MA: Bradford Books MIT Press.
  238. Posner, M.I. & Halparin, J.D. (2001). A review of The Executive Brain: Frontal Lobes and the Civilized Mind by E. Goldberg, Nature Medicine 7/7:767-768.
  239. Posner, M.I., Rothbart,M.K. & Gerardi-Caulton, G. (2001). Exploring the biology of socialization. In A.R. Damasio, et al (eds), The Convergence of Natural and Human Sciences. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 935:208-216.
  240. Posner, M.I., Rothbart, M.K., Farah, M. & Bruer, J. (eds) (2001). Human Brain Development. Developmental Science, 4/3:253-384.
  241. Posner, M.I. & Rothbart, M.K. (2001). The neuroeducation of Nico. A review of A.M. Battro, Half a Brain is Enough. Cerebrum, 3/2:91-95.
  242. Posner M.I .& Rothbart , M.K. (2001). Brain Development, Ontogenetic Neurobiology of. In Smelser N, Baltes P (eds.), International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Elsevier, Oxford, UK (pp. 1332-38).
  243. Rothbart, M.K., & Posner, M.I. (2001). Mechanisms and variation in the development of attentional networks. In C.A. Nelson & M. Luciana (eds.), The Handbook of Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience. Cambrdige Mass.:MIT Press, Ch. 24, (pp. 353-363).
  244. Swanson, J., Deutsch, C., Cantwell, D., Posner, M., Kenndy, J., Barr, C., Moyzis, R., Schuck, S., Flodman, P., & Spence, A. (2001). Genes and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Clinical Neuroscience Research. 1(3):207-216.
  245. Fan, J., McCandliss, B.D., Sommer, T., Raz, M. & Posner, M.I. (2002). Testing the efficiency and independence of attentional networks. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 3(14):340-347.
  246. Fossella, J., Posner, M.I., Fan, J. Swanson, J.M. & Pfaff, D.M. Attentional phenotypes for the analysis of higher mental function. (2002). The Scientific World Journal, 2:217-223.
  247. Fossella, J., Sommer, T., Fan, J., Wu, Y., Swanson, J.M., Pfaff, D.W. & Posner, M.I. (2002). Assessing the molecular genetics of attention networks. BMC Neuroscience, 3:14.
  248. Posner, M.I. (2002). Convergence of psychological and biological development. Developmental Psychobiology, 40(3):339-343.
  249. Posner, M.I. & Rothbart, M.I. (2002). Il cervello e lĂ­attenzione nel contesto scolastico (The Human Brain and Attention to School Subjects). In Elisa Frauenfelder & Flavia Santoianni (eds), Le Science Bioeducative. Naples:Liguori, Srl 5-20.
  250. Posner, M.I., Rothbart, M.K., Vizueta, N., Levy,K., Thomas, K.M. & Clarkin, J. (2002). Attentional mechanisms of borderline personality disorder. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 99 (25):16366-16370.
  251. Posner, M.I. & Rueda, M.R. (2002). Menteal chronometry in the study of individual and group differences. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 24:968-976.
  252. Raz, A., Shapiro, T., Fan, J., & Posner, M.I. (2002). Hypnotic suggestion and the modulation of Stroop interference. Archives of General Psychiatry, 59(12):1155-1161.
  253. Worden, M.S., Martinez, A. & Posner, M. I. (2002). Neural basis of spatial attention. In Nadel, L. (ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Vol. 4, pp. 108-111. London: Nature Publishing Group.
  254. Fan, J., Flombaum, J.I., McCandliss, B.D., Thomas, K.M. & Posner, M.I. (2003). Cognitive and brain consequences of conflict. Neuro Image, 18:42-57.
  255. Fan, J., Fossella, JA, Summer T. Wu, Y. & Posner, M.I. (2003) Mapping the genetic variation of executive attention onto brain activity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science USA 100:7406-11.
  256. Fossella, J.A., Sommer, T., Fan, J., Pfaff, D., Posner, M.I. (2003). Synaptogenesis and heritable aspects of executive attention. Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, 9:78-183.
  257. Jones, L., Rothbart, M.K.& Posner, M.I. (2003). Development of inhibitory control in preschool children. Developmental Science, 6:498-504.
  258. McCandliss, B.M. & Posner, M.I. (2003). Fostering literacy through understanding brain mechanisms. Education Canada, 43:4-7.
  259. Luu, P. & Posner, M.I. (2003). Editorial: Anterior cingulate regulation of sympathetic activity. Brain, 126:2119-20.
  260. Posner, M.I., Rothbart, M.K., Vizueta, N., Thomas, K.M., Levy, K., Fossella, J., Silbersweig, D.A., Stern, E., Clarkin, J. & Kernberg, O. (2003). An approach to the psychobiology of personality disorders. Development and Psychopathology, 15:1093-1106.
  261. Posner, M.I. (2003). Imaging a science of mind. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 7:10:450-453.
  262. Raz, A., Landzberg, K.S., Schweizer, H.R., Zephrani, Z., Shapiro, T. & Posner, M.I. (2003). Posthypnotic suggestion and the modulation of Stroop interference under cycloplegia. Cognition and Consciousness, 12:332-346.
  263. Rothbart, M.K., Ellis, L.K., Rueda, M.R. & Posner, M.I. (2003). Developing mechanisms of effortful control. Journal of Personality, 71:1113-1143.
  264. Rueda, M.R., Fan, J. & Posner, M.I. (2003). Measuring attention in neuropsychological diagnosis and rehabilitation. 2nd International Congress of Neuropsychology in the Internet. To be published in Revista de Neurologia.
  265. Sommer, T., Fossella, J., Fan, J., & Posner, M.I. (2003). Inhibitory control: Cognitive subfunctions, individual differences and dopaminergic genes. In I. Reinvang, M.W. Greenlee & M. Herrmann (Eds.), The Cognitive Neuroscience of Individual Differences - New Perspectives. Oldenberg, Germany:BIS.
  266. Ellis, E. Rothbart, M.K. & Posner, M.I. (2004)Individual differences in executive attention predict self-regulation and adolescent psychosocial behaviors Ann of NY Acad of Sci 1031, 337- 340
  267. Fan. J. & . Posner, M.I. (2004). Human attentional networks, Psychiatrische Praxis, 31(S2), 210-214
  268. Fossella, J & Posner, M.I(2004) . Genes and the development of neural networks underlying cognitive processes in M.S.Gazzaniga ed The CognitivebNeurosciences 3rd edition Cambridge: MIT Press 1255-1266
  269. Posner, M.I. (2004). Neural systems and individual differences. Teachers College Record, 106:24-30.
  270. Posner, M.I. (2004). The achievements of brain imaging: Past and present. In N. Kanwisher & J. Duncan (Eds.), Attention and Performance XX, Oxford University Press (pp. 505-528).
  271. Posner M.I. (ed) (2004). Cognitive Neuroscience of Attention. New York: Guilford Posner, M.I.(2004) Is the combination of psychology and neuroscience important to you? Impuls: Tidsskrift for Psyckhologi. 3, 6-8
  272. Posner, M.I. & Rothbart, M.K. (2004) Hebb's Neural networks support the integration of psychological science. Canadian Psychologist 45, 265-278
  273. Raz, A., Marinoff, G.P., Zephani, Z.R., Schweizer, H.R., & Posner, M.I. (2004). See Clearly: Suggestion, hynosis, attention and visual acuity. International Journal of Clinical and Experimantal Hypnosis. 52:159-187.
  274. Rothbart, M.K., Ellis, L.K. & Posner, M.I. (2004). Temperament and self regulation. In R.F. Baumeister & K.D. Vohs (Eds), Handbook of Self Regulation: Research, Theory, and Applications, New York: Guilford Press, 18:357-370.
  275. Rueda, M.R., Fan, J., Halparin, J., Gruber, D.,Lercari, L.P., McCandliss B.D. & Posner, M.I. (2004). Development of attention during childhood Neuropsychologia, 42:1029-1040.
  276. Rueda, M.R., Posner, M.I. & Rothbart, M.K. (2004). Attentional control and self regulation. In R.F. Baumeister & K.D. Vohs (Eds), Handbook of Self Regulation: Research, Theory, and Applications, New York: Guilford Press, 14:283-300.
  277. Rueda, M.R., Posner, M.I., Rothbart, M.K. & Davis-Stober, C.P. (2004). Development of the time course for processing conflict: An event-related potentials study with 4 year olds and adults. BMC Neuroscience, 5:39
  278. Abdullaev, Y. & Posner, M.I. (2005) How the brain recovers following damage. Nature Neuroscience 8, 1424-1425
  279. Beutel, M.E., Klockenbrink, P., Witink, J., Dietrich, S., Tiede, R., Fan, J., & Posner, M.I., Attention and executive functions in patients with severe obesity A controlled study using the Attention Network Test (2005) Der Nervenarzi (IN GERMAN)
  280. Cichetti, D. & Posner, M.I. (2005) [editorial] Cognitive and affective neuroscience and developmental psychopathology. Development and Psychopathology 17, 569-575.
  281. Clarkin JF & Posner M (2005) Defining the mechanisms of borderline personality disorder Psychopathology 38, 56-63
  282. Fan, J., McCandliss, B.D., Fossella, J., Flombaum, J.I., & Posner, M.I. (2005) The activation of attentional networks Neuroimage 26:471-9
  283. Posner, M.I. & Rothbart, M.K. (2005) Influencing brain networks: implications for education. Trends in Cognitive Science 9, 99-103
  284. Posner, M.I. (2005) Timing the brain: mental chronometry as a tool in neuroscience. Pub L. of Sci Biology 3, 204-206.
  285. Posner, M.I. (2005) How I got here in S.W. Keele & E. Awh & U.Mayr (eds) Developing individuality in the human brain. Washington DC:APA Books
  286. Posner,M.I. (2005) Genes and experience shape brain networks of conscious control In S. Laureys ed. Progress in Brain Research Vol. 150 Ch. 12, pp 173-183 Posner, M.I. (2005) Commentary on Becoming Aware of Feelings. Neuro- Psychoanalysis 7, 55-57.
  287. Myachykov, A. & Posner, M.I. Attention in language In Itti, Ll, Rees, G., & Tsotsos, J.K. (2005) Neurobiology of attenton. San Diego: Elsevier 324-329
  288. Myachykov, A., Tomlin, R.S. & Posner, M.I. (2005) Attentional and empirical studies of grammar Linguistic Review 22, 347-364
  289. Raz, A. Leiber, B., Soliman, F., Buhle, J., Posner, J. Petersen, B.S. & Posner, M.I. (2005) Ecological nuances in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI): psychological stressors, posture, and hydrostatics Neuroimage 25. 1-7.
  290. Raz, A., Fan, J. & Posner, M.I. (2005) Hynotic suggestion reduces conflict in the human brain. Proc. of the Nat'l Acad of Sciences USA 102, 9978-9983
  291. Rothbart, M.K. & Posner, M.I. (2005) Genes and experience in the development of executive attention and effortful control. In L.A. Jensen & R.W. Larson (eds) New horizons in developmental theory and research. San Francisco:Jossey-Bass p.101-108
  292. Rueda, M.R., Posner, M.I., & Rothbart,M.K. (2005) The development of executive attention: contributions to the emergence of self regulation. Developmental Neuropsychology 28, 573-594
  293. Rueda, M.R., Rothbart, M.K. McCandliss, Saccamanno, L. & Posner, M.I. (2005) Training, maturation and genetic influences on the development of executive attention Proc.U.S Nat'l Acad of Sciences 102, 14931-14936.
  294. Wang, K. J., Fan,J., Dong, Y. Wang, C., Lee, TMC & Posner, M.I (2005) Selective impairment of attentional networks of orienting and executive control in schizophrenia Schiz. Research 78, 235-241
  295. Berger, A., Tzur, G. & Posner, M.I. (2006) Infant babies detect arithmetic error. Proceeding of the National Academy of Science USA 103, 12649-12553
  296. Gardner, T.W., Dishon, T.J. & Posner, M.I. (2006) Attention and adolescent tobacco use: a potential self regulatory dynamic underlying nicotine addiction. Addictive Behaviors 31, 531-536
  297. Ivry R.B., Mayr U., Corcos D.M., & Posner MI (2006) Psychological processes and neural mechanisms for action: The legacy of Steven W. Keele Journal of Motor Behavior 38, 3-6
  298. Pardo, J.V., Pardo, P.J., Humes, S.W. & Posner, M.I. (2006) Neurocognitive disfunction in antidepressant free non-elderly patients with unipolar depression: Alerting and covert orienting of visuospatial attention. J. of Affective Disorders 92, 71-78
  299. Posner, M.I., Sheese, B, Odludas, Y., Tang, Y. (2006) Analyzing and shaping neural networks of attention. Neural Networks19, 1422-1429
  300. Posner, M.I. (2006) Neuropsychology of human attention networks. Revista de Neuropsychologia 1, 19-24.
  301. Raz, A., Fan, J., Posner, M.I. (2006) Neuroimaging and genetic association of attentional and hypnotic processes. Journal of Physiology-Paris 99, 483-491
  302. Rothbart, M.K. & Posner, M.I. (2006). Temperament, attention, and developmental psychopathology. in D. Cicchetti & D. J. Cohen (eds.), Handbook of Developmental Psychopathology Vol. 2 Revised. New York:Wiley Press. 465-501
  303. Rothbart, M.K., Posner, M.I. & Kieras, J. (2006) Temperament attention and self regulation. In K. McCartney & D. Phillips (eds.) Handbook of early childhood development. Ch. 17 pp. 338-357
  304. Fan, J., Byrne, J., Worden, M.S., Guise, K.G., McCandliss, B.D., Fossella, J., & Posner, M.I. (2007) The relation of brain oscillations to attentional networks. J. Neurosci. 27, 6197-6206
  305. Goldstein, M., Brendel, G., Tuescheer, O., Pan, H., Epstein, J., Beutel, M., Yang, Y.H., Thomas, K. Levy, K., Silverman, M., Clarkin, J., Posner, M., Kernberg, O., Stern, E., & Silbersweig, D. (2007) Neural substrates of the interaction of emotional stimulus process and motor inhibitory control: An emotional linguistic go/no-go fMRI study. Neuroimage 36, 1026-1040
  306. Myachykov, A., Posner, M.I. & Tomlin, R.S. (2007) A parallel interface for language and Cognition in sentence production: theory, method and experimental evidence. Linguistic Review 24, 457-474
  307. Posner, M.I. & Rothbart, M.K.(2007) Educating the human brain. Washington DC:APA Books
  308. Posner, M.I. & Rothbart, M.K. (2007) Research on attention networks as a model for the integration of psychological science Ann Rev of Psychology 58, 1-23.
  309. Posner, M.I., Rothbart, M.K. & Sheese, B.E. (2007) Attention Genes Developmental Science 10, 24-29
  310. Posner, M.I., Rothbart, M.K., Sheese, B.E. & Tang, Y. (2007) The anterior cingulate gyrus and the mechanisms of self regulation. J. of Cog, Affective and Soc Neurosci 7, 391-395
  311. Posner, M.I., Rueda, M.R. & Kanske, P. (2007) Probing the mechanisms of attention. In J.T. Cacioppo, J.G. Tassinary & G.G. Berntson (eds) Handbook of , Psychophysiology 3rd Ed. Cambridge U.K.: Cambridge University Press 410-32
  312. Rothbart, M.K., Sheese, B.E., & Posner, M.I. (2007) Executive Attention and Effortful Control: Linking Temperament, Brain Networks and Genes Child Development Perspectives 1, 2-7
  313. Rueda, M.R.,Rothbart, M.K.Saccomanno, L., & Posner, M.I. (2007) Modifying brain networks underlying self regulation in D. Romer & E.F. Walker (eds) Adolsecent Psychopathology and the Developing Brain. New York:Oxford Ch. 18 p. 401-419.
  314. Sheese, B.E.,Voelker, P.M., Rothbart, M.K., & Posner, M.I. (2007) Parenting quality interacts with genetic variation in Dopamine Receptor DRD4 to influence temperament in early childhood Devel & Psychopathology 19, 1039-1046
  315. Silbersweig D., Clarkin JF, Goldstein M., Kernberg OF., Tuescher O Levy KN, Brendel,G Pan H, Beutel M., Pavony ME., Epstein J. Lenzenweger MF., Thomas KM., Posner MI, & Stern E (2007) Failure of frontolimbic inhibitory function in the context of negative emotion in borderline personality disorder American J. of Psychiatry 164: 1832-41
  316. Tang, YY, Ma, Y, Wang, J., Fan, Y., Feng, S., Lu, Q., Yu, , Sui, D., Rothbart, M.K. Fan, M. & Posner, M.I.(2007) Short term meditation training improves attention and self Regulation. Proc. Nat'l Acad of Sci USA 104, 17152-17156.
  317. Fan, J., Hof, P.J., Worden, M.S., Guise, K.G., McCandliss, B.D., Fossella, J., & Posner, M.I. (2008) The Functional Integration of the Anterior Cingulate Cortex during Conflict Processing Cerebral Cortex 18, 796-805
  318. Fossella, J., Fan, J., Liu, X., Guise, K., Brocki, K., Hof, P.R., Kittappa, R., McKay, R., Posner, M. (2008) Provisional hypotheses for the molecular genetics of cognitive development: imaging genetic pathways in the anterior cingulate cortex. Biological Psychology 79, 23-29
  319. Posner, M.I. (2008) Measuring Alertness In D.W Pfaff& B.L. Kieffer (eds) Molecular and Biophysical Mechanisms of Arousal, Alertness and Attention Boston: Blackwell, N.Y. Acad of Sci. pp193-199.
  320. Posner, M.I. (2008) the Neuropsychology of Attention in P. Marien & J. Abutalebi (eds) Neuropsychological Research: A Review New York: Psychology Press Ch. 18 p331-348
  321. Posner, M.I. (2008) Evolution and development of self regulation. 77th Arthur Lecture On Human Brain Evolution New York: American Museum of Natural History
  322. Posner, M.I. (2008) Overview of higher order perception In J.R. Pomerantz (ed) Topics in Integrative Neuroscience New York: Cambridge University Press. Pp 25-30
  323. Posner, M.I. (2008) Attention and the semantics of consciousness. Psyche vol 16 http://www.journalpsyche.org/ojs-2.2/index.php/psyche/issue/view/104
  324. Posner, M.I. (2008) Mental Chronometry: long past bright future. Ch 17 in Patrick Rabbitt (ed) Inside Psychology: a science over 50 years. Oxford U.K.:Oxford University Press. Pp. 207-217.
  325. Posner, M.I. & Fan, J. (2008) Attention as an organ system. In J.R. Pomerantz (ed) Topics in Integrative Neuroscience New York: Cambridge University Press. Ch.2. Pp 31-61
  326. Posner, M.I., Rothbart, M.K., & Rueda, M.R. (2008) Brain mechanisms and learning of high level skills. In Battro, A.M., Fischer, K.W. & Lena, P.J. eds The Educated Brain. Cambridge UK:Cambridge University Press pp151-165
  327. Posner, M.I. Rothbart, M.K. Sheese, B.E. & Kieras, J. (2008) How arts training influences cognition in C. Asbury and B. Rich eds. Learning Arts and the Brain Washington:Dana Press
  328. Sheese, B.E., Rothbart, M.K, Posner, M.I., White, L.K. & Fraundorf, S.H. (2008) Executive attention and self regulation in infancy. Infant Behavior and Development 31, 501-510
  329. Tang, Y. & Posner, M.I. (2008) The neuroscience of mindfulness NeuroLeadership Journal 1, 33-37.
  330. Fan, J., Gu, X., Guise, K.G., Liu, X., Fossella, J., Wang, H., & Posner, M.I. Testing the behavior interaction and integration of attentional neworks. (2009) Brain and Cog. 70, 209-220
  331. 0. Y. Tang, Y-Y.,Ma, Y., & Posner, M.I. (2009) Muscosal immunity modulated by meditation in a dose dependent fashion. J.of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. 16, 1-5
  332. Fosella, J., Fan J. & Posner, M.I. (2009) Candidate genes associated with attention and cognitive control In T.E. Goldberg and D. R. Weinberger eds The Genetics of Cognitive Neuroscience Ch. 5 123-144.
  333. Posner, M.I. (2009) Development of self regulation. In H. Eswaran and N.C. Singh eds. Advances in Developmental Neuroscience and Imaging. New Delhi:Anamaya Ch. 3 pp 24-35
  334. Posner, M.I. (2009) Attention in R.A. Shweder (ed) The Child Chicago:University of Chicago Press p.p 77-79
  335. Posner, M.I. Foreword in S.J. Lipina & J.A.(2009) Colombo Poverty and Brain Development During Childhood. Washington DC:American Pschological Assoc. p vi-viii..
  336. Posner, M.I. Foreword in S,D, Calkins and M.A. Bell (eds) (2009) Child Developmenetqt the intersection of emotion and cognition. Washington DC:American Pschological Assoc. p ix-x..
  337. Posner, M.I. (2009) Attention, awareness and mindfulness in psychotherapy: a dialog Studies in Gestalt Therapy: Dialogical Bridges. 3, 2 13-34
  338. Posner, M.I. & Rao, S. (2009) Cognitive Neuroscience: Development and Prospects In N. Mukunda (ed) Current Trends in Science. Platinum Jubilee Special Bangalore: Indian Academy of Sciences
  339. Posner, M.I.. & Rothbart, M.K (2009). Toward a physical basis of attention and self regulation Physics of life reviews 6/2 103-120
  340. Rothbart, M.K., Posner, M.I., Rueda, M.R., Sheese, B.E., & Yang, Y-Y. (2009) Enhancing self regulation in school and clinic. In D. Cicchetti & M.R. Gunnar (eds). Minnesota Symposium on Child Psychology Vol. 35: Meeting the Challenge of Translational Research in Child PsychologyHoboken N.J.:John Wiley pp. 115-158
  341. Sheese, B. E., Voelker, P, Posner, M. I. and Rothbart, M. K. (2009) 'Genetic variation influences on the early development of reactive emotions and their regulation by attention,Cognitive Neuropsychiatry,14:4,332 - 355
  342. Tang, Y. & Posner, M.I. (2009) Attention training and Attention State Training. Trends in Cognitive Science 13, 222-227
  343. Voelker, P. Sheese, B.E., Rothbart, M.K & Posner, M.I. & . (2009) Rothbart, M.K Variations in COMT Gene Interact With Parenting to Influence Attention in Early Development Neuroscience 164/1 121-130
  344. Abdullaev, Y., Posner, M.I., Nunnally, R & Dishion, T. (2010) Functional MRI evidence for inefficient attentional control in adolescent chronic cannabis abusers. Behavioural Brain Reserch 215 45-57
  345. Fan, Y. X., Tang, Y.Y., Ma, Y.H., & Posner M.I (2010) Mucosal Immunity Modulated by Integrative Meditation in a Dose-Dependent Fashion Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 16 /2 151-155
  346. Posner, M.I. (2010) Neuroimaging tools and the evolution of educational neuroscience In David A. Sousa (Ed) Mind Brain and Education Bloomington IN: Solution Tree Press Ch. 2 pp. 26-43
  347. Posner, M.I. & Patoine, B (2010) Ch.2 How arts training improves attention and cognition In Dan Gordon editor Cerebrum: Emerging in Brain Science Washington DC:Dana Press
  348. Posner, M.I. & Rothbart, M.K. (2010) Origins of executive attention. 1st Paul Baltes Lecture In Peter A. Frensch & Ralf Schwarzer (eds) Cognition and Neuropsychology Vol 1 International Perspectives on Psychological Science New York: Psychology Press pp 3-13.
  349. Posner, M.I. & Rothbart, M.K. (2010) Applying Mechanisms of Self Regulation Ch 3 in M.A. Gernsbacher, R.W. Pew, L.M. Hough & J.M. Pomerantz (eds) Psychology and the real world NY:Worth Publisher Pp 31-36
  350. Posner, M.I., Rothbart,, M.K., Rueda, M.R. & Tang, Y.(2010) Training effortless attention.In B. Bruya (ed) Effortless attention: A new perspective in the Cognitive Science of attention and action Ch. 15 409-424
  351. Posner,.M.I., Rothbart, M.K. & Sheese, B.E. (2010) Genetic variation influences how the social brain shapes temperament and behavior. In P.A. Reuter-Lorenz, K. Baynes, G.R. Mangun & E.A. Phelps (eds) The Cognitive Neuroscience of Mind. A Tribute to Michael S. Gazzaniga Ch. 9 125-138
  352. Tang, Y., Lu, Q., Geng, X., Stein, E.A., Yang, Y., & Posner, M.I. (2010) Short term mental training induces white-matter changes in the anterior cingulate PNAS 107 16649-16652
  353. Tzur, G., Berger, A., Luria, R., & Posner, M.I. (2010) Theta synchrony supports Weber- Fechner and Stevens' Laws for error processing, uniting high and low mental processes Psychophysiology 47/4 758-766
  354. Dishion, T.J., Felver-Grant, J.C., Abdullaev, Y., & Posner, M.I. (2011) Self-Regulation and Adolescent Drug Use: Translating Developmental Science and Neuroscience into Prevention Practice In M.T. Bardo, D.H. Fishbein & R. Milich (Eds) Inhibitory control and drug abuse prevention: from research to translation. Pages 281-301 DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4419-1268-
  355. Posner, M.I. (2011) Foreword to A Berger Self regulation: Brain, Cognition and Development Washington DC APA Books xi-xii
  356. Posner, M.I. (2011) A Life in Psychology In L.R.Squire ed The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography Vol 7 New York:Oxford University Press 562-582 Posner, M.I. & Rothbart, M.K. (2011) Brain states and hypnosis research Consciousness & Cognition 20, 325-327
  357. Rothbart, M.K., Sheese, B.E., Rueda, M.R., & Posner, M.I. (2011) Developing mechanisms of self-regulation in early life. Emotion Review 3/2, 207-213
  358. Rothbart, M.K., Ellis, L.K., & Posner, M.I. (2011) Temperament and self regulation In K. D. Vohs & R.F. Baumeister (Eds.), Handbook of self-regulation: Research, theory and applications (2nd ed., pp. 441-460). New York: Guilford.
  359. Rueda, M.R., Posner, M.I., Rothbart, M.K. (2011). Attentional control and self regulation In K. D. Vohs & R.F. Baumeister (Eds.), Handbook of self-regulation: Research, theory, and applications (2nd ed., pp 284-299). New York: Guilford. van IJzendoorn, M.H., Bakermans-Kranenburg, M.J., Belsky, J. Beach, S., Brody, G., Dodge,K.A., Greenberg, M., Posner, M. & Scott, S. (2011) Gene-by-environment experiments: a new approach to finding the missing heritability Nature Reviews Genetics 12, 881- doi:10.1038/nrg2764-c1
  360. Xue, S., Tang, Y.Y., & Posner, M.I. (2011) Short-term meditation increases network efficiency of the anterior cingulate cortex Neuroreport DOI:10.1097/WNR.0b013e328348c750
  361. Lipina S. J. & Posner M. I. (2012) The impact of poverty on the development of brain Networks. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6 00238 DOI=10.3389/fnhum.2012.00238
  362. Petersen, S.E. & Posner, M.I. (2012) The attention system of the human brain: 20 years after. Annual Review of Neuroscience 35, 71-89
  363. Posner, M.I. (2012) Expandings horizons in ergonomic research. Neuroimage 59, 149- 153 doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage 2011.07.060
  364. Posner, M.I. ed. (2012) Cognitive Neuroscience of Attention 2nd Edition New York: Guilford
  365. Posner, M.I. (2012) Attention in a social world New York: Oxford Univ. Press
  366. Posner, M.I. (2012) Progress in attention research 2004-2011 in M.I. Posner (ed) Cognitive Neuroscience of Attention 2ndedition New York: Guilford pp 1-8 Posner, M.I.( 2012) Imaging attention networks. Neuroimage 61/2 450-456 doi 10.1016/neuroimage,2011.12.040
  367. Posner, M.I. (2012) Attentional networks and consciousness Frontiers in Consciousness 3, doi 10:3388 Psyg 2012:00064
  368. Posner, M.I. (2012) An olfactory life in G.M. Zucco, R.S. Herz & B. Schaal (eds) Olfactory Cognition: From Perception and Memory to Environmental Odours and Neuroscience Amsterdam:John Benjamins
  369. Posner M.I. (2012) A definitive volume on temperament. Front. Psychology 3:332. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00332
  370. Posner,M.I. & Rothbart, M.K. (2012) Brain Networks in Health and Illness Ch. 4 in O.J.Z. Sahler & J.E. Carr(ed)The Behavioral Sciences and Health Care 3rd Edition Cambridge Mas: Hogrefe Publisher pp 31-35
  371. Posner, M.I. & Rothbart, M.K. (2012) Willpower and Brain Networks Bulletin of the International Society for Behavioral Development 2012 vol number 1 p. 7-10
  372. Posner, M.I., Rothbart, M.K. & Rueda, M.R.(2012) Desarrollo de la autoregulacion y desempeno escolar In S. Lapina & M. Sigman (eds) La Pizarra de Babel Buenos Aires:Zorzal 133-152
  373. Petersen, S.E. & Posner, M.I. (2012) The attention system of the human brain: 20 years after. Annual Review of Neuroscience 35, 71-89
  374. Posner, M.I., Rothbart, M.K., Sheese, B.E., Voelker, P. (2012) Control Networks and Neuromodulators of Early Development
  375. Developmental Psychology 48/3, 827-835 DOI:10 1037/a0025530 Sheese, B.E., Rothbart, M.K., Voelker, P., & Posner, M.I. (2012) The dopamine receptor D4 gene 7 repeat allele interacts with parenting quality to predict Effortful Control in four-year-old children Child Development Research vol 2012 ID 863242, 6 pages doi:10.1155/2012/863242
  376. Tang, Y-Y.,Lu, Q., Fan, M., Yang, Y., & Posner,M.I. (2012) Mechanisms of White Matter Changes Induced by Meditation Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 109 (26) 10570-10574 doi10/.1073pnas.1207817109
  377. Fan, Y., Tang, Y-Y., & Posner, M.I. (2013) Cortisol level modulated by integrative mediation in a dose-dependent fashion Stress Health DOI: 10.1002/smi.2497
  378. Posner, M.I. (2013) Foreword in B.R. Kar (ed) Cognition and Brain Development Washington DC: APA books xi-xiii
  379. Posner, M.I. (2013) The Expert Brain Ch 6 in J.J. Stazewski (ed) Expertise and skill Acquisition: The impact of William G. Chase London:Psychology Press pp 243-59
  380. Posner,M.I. & Rothbrt, M.K. (2013) Development of Attention Networks in B.R. Kar (ed) Cogntion and Brain Development Washington DC: APA books 61-84
  381. Posner MI, Rothbart, MK.K. & Tang Y. (2013) Developing self-regulation in early childhood. Trends in Neuroscience and Education http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tine.2013.09.001i
  382. Rueda,M.R. & Posner, M.I. (2013) Development of attention networks in P. D. Zelazo (ed) The Oxford Handbook of Developmental Psychology vol. I Body and Mind Ch.24 pp 683-705.
  383. Tang, YY & Posner, MI (2013) Special issue on mindfulness neuroscience Social cognitive and affective neuroscience 8/ 1 p.1-3 DOI:10.1093/scan/nss104
  384. Tang, YY & Posner, MI (2013) Tools of the trade: theory and method in mindfulness Neuroscience Social cognitive and affective neuroscience 8/1, 118-120 DOI 10.1093/scan/nss112
  385. Tang, Y-Y, Tang, R., & Posner, M.I. (2013) Brief meditation training induces smoking reduction. Proceedings of the US National Academy 110/34 13971-13975
  386. Ding, XQ, Tang, YY , Tang, RX & Posner, MI (2014) Improving creativity performance by short-term meditation Behavioral and Brain Functions 10, 9 DOI: 10.1186/1744-9081-10-9
  387. Fan, YX, Tang, YY (Tang, Yi-Yuan) & Posner, MI Cortisol Level Modulated by Integrative Meditation in a Dose-dependent Fashion Stress and Health (2014) Stress and Health 30/1 p 65-70 DOI: 10.1002/smi.2497
  388. Posner, M.I. (2014) Foreword: Imaging the Future in D. Mareschal, B. Butterworth & A. Tolmie (eds) Educational Neuroscience London:Wiley Blackwell XII-XV
  389. Posner, M.I. (2014) Guides to the study of attention. In K. Nobre & S. Kastner eds Handbook of AttentionLondon: Oxford University Press Ch. 1 pp 3-7
  390. Posner, M.I. Rothbart, M.K. & Rueda, M.R. (2014) Developing Attention and Self Regulation In Childhood In K. Nobre & S. Kastner eds Handbook of Attention London: Oxford University Press Ch.19 pp541-569
  391. Posner, M.I. , Rothbart, M.K. Sheese, B.E. & Voelker, P. (2014) Developing Attention: Behavioral and Brain Mechanisms. Adv. In Neuroscience Advances in Neuroscience Volume 2014, Article ID 405094 http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/405094 NIHMSID 596939
  392. Posner M.I. & Rothbart, M.K.Attention to learning of school subjects. (2014) Trends in Neuroscience and Education http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tine.2014.02.003i
  393. Rothbart, M.K. & Posner, M.I. (2014) Book review of Romania's abandoned children. Times Higher Education March 13, 2014 p.51
  394. Tang, YY, Posner, M.I. & Rothbart,M.K. (2014) Meditation improves self-regulation over the life span. In Advances in meditation research: neuroscience and clinical applications. V Neew York Acade of Sci 1307 p104- 111 DOI: 10.1111/nyas.12227
  395. Tang YY & Posner, MI (2014) Training brain networks and states Trends in Cognitive Science http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2014.04.002
  396. Xue S, Tang YY, Tang R, Posner MI:: Short-term meditation induces changes in brain resting EEG theta networks. Brain and Cognition 2014, 87:1-6 25
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Photo: Courtesy Dr. Michael I. Posner. Upon receiving Carty award 2012.

Name: Michael I. Posner
Birth: 12 September, 1936, Cincinnati, OH
Title: Professor Emeritus Dept. of Psychology
Affiliation: Institute of Neuroscience, University of Oregon, USA
Citation: "For his innovative application of technology to the understanding of brain function, his incisive and accurate modeling of functional tasks, and his development of methodological and conceptual tools to help understand the mind and the development of brain networks of attention." Presented by President Barack H. Obama in the East Room of the White House on October 7, 2009.
'Fifty Years a Duck'
Copyrights: Dr Posner has not registered his work.
Thesis advisor:Paul M. Fitts
History of 'Neuroscience'
Educational: Neuroscience of Attention. GoCognitive
Bearing Laureate's Name: Posner Cueing Task

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