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Ilya Mechnikov Ph.D.

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1908
Nobel Co-recipient Paul Ehrlich

Ukrainian Zoologist. Theory of cellular immunity. Father of Natural immunity. Research: Comparative embryology, Phagocytosis, Anthrax, Rabies.

Weak eyesight, heart troubles, difficulties in University lead to pessimism. Twice attempted suicide. Discovery of phagocytosis completely changed his outlook on life; abandoned his pessimistic philosophy and determined to find further proof of hypothesis.


'In 1882, after his recovery from relapsing fever, Mechnikov resigned his appointment at Odessa because of difficulties in the University during the period of reactionary government which followed the assassination of Alexander II'.
Photo: 1909, Wikipedia Commons

Name: Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov
Birth: 16 May 1845, Kharkov (now Kharkiv), Russian Empire (now Ukraine)
Death: 16 July 1916, Paris, France
Residence when prize awarded: Institut Pasteur, Paris, France
Award: "in recognition of their work on immunity"
Field: Immunity
Honoring Mechnikov's Name
History of Discovery