The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1983
The President's National Medal of Science - Biological Sciences 1970
Cytogeneticist. Mobile genetic elements, 1948. Nobel after 35 years. Skilled experimentalist, master cytological detail interpreter, brilliant theoretician. Solo labor, no technical help. Friendly fellow scientists. Discriminated as woman.
"Tacit assumptions - substance of dogma - served as barrier to effective communication. My understanding of phenomenon was too radical for time."
Name: Barbara McClintock
Birth: 16 June 1902, Hartford, CT, USA
Death: 2 September 1992, Huntington, NY, USA
Institution: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, NY, USA
Award: "for her discovery of mobile genetic elements"
Portion of cash: 1/1
Degree: Ph.D. Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, 1927
Thesis: A Cytological and Genetic Study of Triploid Maize