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Gene Likens Ph.D.

National Medal of Science - Biological Sciences 2001

Zoologist. Ecosystem ecology, biogeochemistry, acid rain, human impacts on aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. Linked fossil fuel combustion to acid rain. Founder, Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies

Publications

Publications
Reports, Tapes, Letters and Miscellaneous
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Publications

  1. Likens, G. E. and A. D. Hasler. 1960. Movement of radiosodium in a chemically stratified lake. Science 131(3414):1676-1677.
  2. Likens, G. E. and A. D. Hasler. 1962. Movements of radiosodium (Na24) within an ice-covered lake. Limnol. Oceanogr. 7(1):48-56.
  3. Hasler, A. D. and G. E. Likens. 1963. Biological and physical transport of radionuclides in stratified lakes. pp. 463-470. In: V. Schultz and A. W. Klement, Jr. (eds.). Radioecology. American Institute of Biological Sciences and Reinhold Publ. Corp., New York.
  4. Likens, G. E. 1964. An unusual distribution of algae in an Antarctic lake. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 91(3):213-217.
  5. Likens, G. E. 1964. Pesticide pollution of freshwater ecosystems. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 45(4):157-159.
  6. Ragotzkie, R. A. and G. E. Likens. 1964. The heat balance of two Antarctic lakes. Limnol. Oceanogr. 9(3):412-425.
  7. Likens, G. E. 1965. Measurement of background radiation in lakes. Ecology 46(4):544-548.
  8. Likens, G. E. and R. A. Ragotzkie. 1965. Vertical water motions in a small ice-covered lake. J. Geophys. Res. 70(10):2333-2344.
  9. Likens, G. E. and P. L. Johnson. 1966. A chemically stratified lake in Alaska. Science 153(3738):875-877.
  10. Likens, G. E. and R. A. Ragotzkie. 1966. Rotary circulation of water in an ice-covered lake. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 16(1):126-133.
  11. Bormann, F. H. and G. E. Likens. 1967. Nutrient cycling. Science 155(3761):424-429.
  12. Johnson, N. M. and G. E. Likens. 1967. A steady-state thermal gradient in the sediments of a meromictic lake. J. Geophys. Res. 72(12):3049-3052.
  13. Likens, G. E. 1967. Some chemical characteristics of meromictic lakes in North America. pp. 17-62. In: D. Jackson (ed.). Some Aspects of Meromixis. Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York.
  14. Likens, G. E., F. H. Bormann, N. M. Johnson and R. S. Pierce. 1967. The calcium, magnesium, potassium, and sodium budgets for a small forested ecosystem. Ecology 48(5):772-785.
  15. 15 Bormann, F. H., G. E. Likens, D. W. Fisher and R. S. Pierce. 1968. Nutrient loss accelerated by clear-cutting of a forest ecosystem. pp. 187-195. In: Symposium on Primary Productivity and Mineral Cycling in Natural Ecosystems. University of Maine Press, Orono; Also in Science 159(3817):882-884.
  16. Fisher, D. W., A. W. Gambell, G. E. Likens and F. H. Bormann. 1968. Atmospheric contributions to water quality of streams in the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire. Water Resour. Res. 4(5):1115-1126.
  17. Johnson, N. M., G. E. Likens, F. H. Bormann and R. S. Pierce. 1968. Rate of chemical weathering of silicate minerals in New Hampshire. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 32:531-545.
  18. Kilham, P. and G. E. Likens. 1968. Penetration of light in the lakes of Grafton County, New Hampshire. N.H. Department of Resources and Economic Development, Concord, New Hampshire. 93 pp.
  19. Likens, G. E. 1968. Limnology -- recent studies on meromictic lakes. pp. 232-233. In: McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology. McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York.
  20. Likens, G. E. and P. L. Johnson. 1968. A limnological reconnaissance in interior Alaska. U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory, Hanover, N.H., Research Report 239. 45 pp.
  21. Smith, W. H., F. H. Bormann and G. E. Likens. 1968. Response of chemoautotrophic nitrifiers to forest cutting. Soil Science 106(6):471-473.
  22. Bormann, F. H. and G. E. Likens. 1969. A watershed approach to problems of nutrient cycling in forest ecosystems. pp. 2303-2306. In: Proc. 6th World Forestry Congress, Vol. 2, Tech. Comm. III. Madrid, Spain.
  23. Bormann, F. H. and G. E. Likens. 1969. The watershed-ecosystem concept and studies of nutrient cycles. pp. 49-76. In: G. VanDyne (ed.). The Ecosystem Concept in Natural Resource Management, Chap. IV. Academic Press, New York.
  24. Bormann, F. H., G. E. Likens and J. S. Eaton. 1969. Biotic regulation of particulate and solution losses from a forest ecosystem. BioScience 19(7):600-610.
  25. Collins, L. W. and G. E. Likens. 1969. The effect of altitude on the distribution of aquatic plants in some lakes of New Hampshire, USA. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 17:154-172.
  26. Eaton, J. S., G. E. Likens and F. H. Bormann. 1969. Use of membrane filters in gravimetric analyses of particulate matter in natural waters. Water Resour. Res. 5(5):1151-1156.
  27. Johnson, N. M., G. E. Likens, F. H. Bormann, D. W. Fisher and R. S. Pierce. 1969. A working model for the variation in stream water chemistry at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire. Water Resour. Res. 5(6):1353-1363.
  28. Likens, G. E., F. H. Bormann and N. M. Johnson. 1969. Nitrification: importance to nutrient losses from a cutover forested ecosystem. Science 163(3872):1205-1206.
  29. Likens, G. E. and N. M. Johnson. 1969. Measurement and analysis of the annual heat budget for the sediments in two Wisconsin lakes. Limnol. Oceanogr. 14(1):115-135.
  30. Likens, G. E. and P. L. Johnson. 1969. Measurements of background radiation in aquatic habitats in Alaska. pp. 319-328. In: D. J. Nelson and F. C. Evans (eds.). Proc. 2nd National Symposium on Radioecology. Ann Arbor, Michigan.
  31. McConnochie, K. and G. E. Likens. 1969. Some trichoptera of the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest in central New Hampshire. Can. Field Nat. 83(2):147-154.
  32. Bormann, F. H. and G. E. Likens. 1970. The nutrient cycles of an ecosystem. Sci. Amer. 223(4):92-101.
  33. Bormann, F. H., T. G. Siccama, G. E. Likens and R. H. Whittaker. 1970. The Hubbard Brook Ecosystem Study: composition and dynamics of the tree stratum. Ecol. Monogr. 40(4):373-388.
  34. Likens, G. E. and F. H. Bormann. 1970. Chemical analyses of plant tissues from the Hubbard Brook ecosystem in New Hampshire. Yale University School of Forestry Bulletin 79. 25 pp.
  35. Likens, G. E., F. H. Bormann, N. M. Johnson, D. W. Fisher and R. S. Pierce. 1970. Effects of forest cutting and herbicide treatment on nutrient budgets in the Hubbard Brook watershed-ecosystem. Ecol. Monogr. 40(1):23-47.
  36. Likens, G. E. and J. S. Eaton. 1970. A polyurethane stemflow collector for trees and shrubs. Ecology 51(5):938-939.
  37. Likens, G. E. and J. J. Gilbert. 1970. Notes on quantitative sampling of natural populations of planktonic rotifers. Limnol. Oceanogr. 15(5):816-820.
  38. Pierce, R. S., J. W. Hornbeck, G. E. Likens and F. H. Bormann. 1970. Effect of elimination of vegetation on stream water quantity and quality. pp. 311-328. In: International Symposium on the Results of Research on Representative and Experimental Basins. Wellington, New Zealand. Internat. Assoc. Sci. Hydrol.
  39. Siccama, T. G., F. H. Bormann and G. E. Likens. 1970. The Hubbard Brook Ecosystem Study: productivity, nutrients, and phytosociology of the herbaceous layer. Ecol. Monogr. 40(4):389-402.
  40. Bormann, F. H. and G. E. Likens. 1971. The ecosystem concept and the rational management of natural resources. Yale Sci. Mag. 45(7):2-8.
  41. Bowers, R., P. Hohenberg, G. E. Likens, W. Lynn, D. Nelkin and M. Nelkin. 1971. A program to coordinate environmental research. Amer. Sci. 59(2):183-187.
  42. Likens, G. E. 1971. Lake, meromictic. pp. 435-437. In: McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, Vol. 7. McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York.
  43. Likens, G. E., A. F. Bartsch, G. H. Lauff and J. E. Hobbie. 1971. Nutrients and eutrophication. Science 172(3985):873-874.
  44. Likens, G. E., F. H. Bormann, R. S. Pierce and D. W. Fisher. 1971. Nutrient-hydrologic cycle interaction in small forested watershed-ecosystems. pp. 553-563. In: P. Duvigneaud (ed.). Proc. Brussels Symposium on Productivity of Forest Ecosystems, 1969. UNESCO, Paris.
  45. Fisher, S. G. and G. E. Likens. 1972. Stream ecosystem: organic energy budget. BioScience 22(1):33-35.
  46. Gosz, J. R., G. E. Likens and F. H. Bormann. 1972. Nutrient content of litterfall on the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire. Ecology 53(5):769-784.
  47. Johnson, N. M., R. C. Reynolds and G. E. Likens. 1972. Atmospheric sulfur: its effect on the chemical weathering of New England. Science 177(4048):514-516.
  48. Likens. G. E. 1972. Effects of deforestation on water quality. pp. 133-140. In: Proc. American Society of Civil Engineers Symposium on the Interdisciplinary Aspects of Watershed Management, 1970. Bozeman, Montana.
  49. Likens, G. E. 1972. Eutrophication and aquatic ecosystems. pp. 3-13. In: G. E. Likens (ed.). Nutrients and Eutrophication. Proc. American Society of Limnology and Oceanography Special Symposia, Vol. 1. Lawrence, Kansas.
  50. Likens, G. E. 1972. Mirror Lake: its past, present and future? Appalachia 39(2):23-41.
  51. Likens, G. E. 1972. The chemistry of precipitation in the central Finger Lakes Region. Water Resources and Marine Sciences Center Tech. Report 50. Cornell University, Ithaca, New York. 47 pp. + 14 figs.
  52. Likens, G. E. and F. H. Bormann. 1972. Biogeochemical cycles. The Science Teacher 39(4):15-20.M
  53. Likens, G. E. and F. H. Bormann. 1972. Nutrient cycling in ecosystems. pp. 25-67. In: J. Wiens (ed.). Ecosystem Structure and Function. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis.
  54. Likens, G. E., F. H. Bormann and N. M. Johnson. 1972. Acid rain. Environment 14(2):33-40.
  55. Pierce, R. S., C. W. Martin, C. C. Reeves, G. E. Likens and F. H. Bormann. 1972. Nutrient loss from clearcuttings in New Hampshire. pp. 285-295. In: Symposium on Watersheds in Transition. Fort Collins, Colorado. American Water Resources Association and Colorado State University.
  56. Burton, T. M. and G. E. Likens. 1973. The effect of strip-cutting on stream temperatures in the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire. BioScience 23(7):433-435.
  57. Eaton, J. S., G. E. Likens and F. H. Bormann. 1973. Throughfall and stemflow chemistry in a northern hardwood forest. J. Ecol. 61(2):495-508.
  58. Fisher, S. G. and G. E. Likens. 1973. Energy flow in Bear Brook, New Hampshire: an integrative approach to stream ecosystem metabolism. Ecol. Monogr. 43(4):421-439.
  59. Gosz, J. R., G. E. Likens and F. H. Bormann. 1973. Nutrient release from decomposing leaf and branch litter in the Hubbard Brook forest, New Hampshire. Ecol. Monogr. 43(2):173-191.
  60. Hobbie, J. E. and G. E. Likens. 1973. The output of phosphorus, dissolved organic carbon and fine particulate carbon from Hubbard Brook watersheds. Limnol. Oceanogr. 18(5):734-742.
  61. Likens, G. E. 1973. Primary production: freshwater ecosystems. Human Ecol. 1(4):347-356.
  62. Whittaker, R. H. and G. E. Likens. 1973. Carbon in the biota. pp. 281-302. In: G. M. Woodwell and E. V. Pecan (eds.). Carbon and the Biosphere. U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, CONF-720510, Springfield, Virginia.
  63. Whittaker, R. H. and G. E. Likens. 1973. Introduction (the primary production of the biosphere). Human Ecol. 1(4):301-302.
  64. Whittaker, R. H. and G. E. Likens. 1973. Primary production: the biosphere and man. Human Ecol. 1(4):357-369.
  65. Bormann, F. H., G. E. Likens, T. G. Siccama, R. S. Pierce and J. S. Eaton. 1974. The export of nutrients and recovery of stable conditions following deforestation at Hubbard Brook. Ecol. Monogr. 44(3):255-277.
  66. Cogbill, C. V. and G. E. Likens. 1974. Acid precipitation in the northeastern United States. Water Resour. Res. 10(6):1133-1137.
  67. Hornbeck, J. W. and G. E. Likens. 1974. The ecosystem concept for determining the importance of chemical composition of snow. pp. 139-151. In: Advanced Concepts of Techniques in the Study of Snow and Ice Resources. ISBN 0-309-02235-5. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC; Also, 31st Annual Eastern Snow Conference Proc., pp. 145-155.
  68. Likens, G. E. 1974. The runoff of water and nutrients from watersheds tributary to Cayuga Lake, New York. Water Resources and Marine Sciences Center Publ. 81. Cornell University, Ithaca, New York. 124 pp.
  69. Likens, G. E. 1974. Water and nutrient budgets for Cayuga Lake, New York. Water Resources and Marine Sciences Center Publ. 82. Cornell University, Ithaca, New York. 91 pp.
  70. Likens, G. E. and F. H. Bormann. 1974. Acid rain: a serious regional environmental problem. Science 184(4142):1176-1179.
  71. Likens, G. E. and F. H. Bormann. 1974. Effects of forest clearing on the northern hardwood forest ecosystem and its biogeochemistry. pp. 330-335. In: Proc. First Internat. Congr. of Ecology, September 1974. Centre Agric. Publ. Doc. Wageningen, The Hague, The Netherlands.
  72. Likens, G. E. and F. H. Bormann. 1974. Linkages between terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. BioScience 24(8):447-456.
  73. Sturges, F. W., R. T. Holmes and G. E. Likens. 1974. The role of birds in nutrient cycling in a northern hardwoods ecosystem. Ecology 55(1):149-155.
  74. Whittaker, R. H., F. H. Bormann, G. E. Likens and T. G. Siccama. 1974. The Hubbard Brook Ecosystem Study: forest biomass and production. Ecol. Monogr. 44(2):233-254.
  75. Burton, T. M. and G. E. Likens. 1975. Energy flow and nutrient cycling in salamander populations in the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire. Ecology 56(5):1068-1080.
  76. Burton, T. M. and G. E. Likens. 1975. Salamander populations and biomass in the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire. Copeia 3:541-546.
  77. Gerhart, D. Z. and G. E. Likens. 1975. Enrichment experiments for determining nutrient limitation: four methods compared. Limnol. Oceanogr. 20(4):649-653.
  78. Gosz, J. R., G. E. Likens, J. S. Eaton and F. H. Bormann. 1975. Leaching of nutrients from leaves of selected tree species in New Hampshire. pp. 630-641. In: F. G. Howell, J. B. Gentry and M. H. Smith (eds.). Mineral Cycling in Southeastern Ecosystems. ERDA Symp. Series CONF-740513. Augusta, Georgia; May 1974.
  79. Hornbeck, J. W., G. E. Likens, R. S. Pierce and F. H. Bormann. 1975. Strip cutting as a means of protecting site and streamflow quality when clearcutting northern hardwoods. pp. 209-229. In: B. Bernier and C. H. Winget (eds.). Proc. 4th N. Amer. Forest Soils Conference on Forest Soils and Forest Land Management, August 1973, Quebec, Canada.
  80. Hornbeck, J. W., R. S. Pierce, G. E. Likens and C. W. Martin. 1975. Moderating the impact of contemporary forest cutting on hydrologic and nutrient cycles. pp. 423-433. In: Proc. of Internat. Symp. On Hydrologic Sciences. Publ. 117. Tokyo, Japan.
  81. Jordan, M. J. and G. E. Likens. 1975. An organic carbon budget for an oligotrophic lake in New Hampshire, USA. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 19(2):994-1003.
  82. Lehman, J. T., D. B. Botkin and G. E. Likens. 1975. The assumptions and rationales of a computer model of phytoplankton population dynamics. Limnol. Oceanogr. 20(3):343-364.
  83. Lehman, J. T., D. B. Botkin and G. E. Likens. 1975. Lake eutrophication and the limiting CO2 concept: a simulation study. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 19(2):300-304.
  84. Likens, G. E. 1975. Acid precipitation: our understanding of the phenomenon. pp. 45-75. In: Proc. of a Conference on Emerging Environmental Problems. May 1975, Rensselaerville, New York. EPA-902/9-75-001.
  85. Likens, G. E. 1975. Nutrient flux and cycling in freshwater ecosystems. pp. 314-348. In: F. G. Howell, J. B. Gentry and M. H. Smith (eds.). Mineral Cycling in Southeastern Ecosystems. ERDA Symp. Series CONF-740513. May 1974, Augusta, Georgia.
  86. Likens, G. E. 1975. Primary production and inland aquatic ecosystems. Chapter 9, pp. 185-202. In: H. Lieth and R. H. Whittaker (eds.). Primary Productivity of the Biosphere. Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
  87. Likens, G. E. and F. H. Bormann. 1975. An experimental approach in New England landscapes. pp. 7-29. In: A. D. Hasler (ed.). Proc. INTECOL Symp. On Coupling of Land and Water Systems, 1971. Leningrad. Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
  88. Likens, G. E. and F. H. Bormann. 1975. Acidity in rainwater: Has an explanation been provided? Science 188:957-958.
  89. Likens, G. E. and M. B. Davis. 1975. Post-glacial history of Mirror Lake and its watershed in New Hampshire, USA: an initial report. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 19(2):982-993.
  90. Makarewicz, J. C. and G. E. Likens. 1975. Niche analysis of a zooplankton community. Science 190:1000-1003.
  91. Walker, K. F. and G. E. Likens. 1975. Meromixis and a reconsidered typology of lake circulation patterns. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 19(2):442-458.
  92. Whittaker, R. H. and G. E. Likens. 1975. The biosphere and man. Chapter 15, pp. 305-328. In: H. Lieth and R. H. Whittaker (eds.). Primary Productivity of the Biosphere. Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
  93. Whittaker, R. H., G. E. Likens and H. Lieth. 1975. Scope and purpose of this volume. Chapter 1, pp. 3-5. In: H. Lieth and R. H. Whittaker (eds.). Primary Productivity of the Biosphere. Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
  94. Vlijm, L. and G. E. Likens. 1975. Discussion. pp. 232-236. In: W. H. van Dobben and R. H. Lowe-McConnel (eds.). Unifying Concepts in Ecology. Dr. W. Junk B.V. Publishers, The Hague.
  95. Cogbill, C. V. and G. E. Likens. 1976. Reply to Comment on 'Acid precipitation in the northeastern United States.' Water Resour. Res. 12(3):571.
  96. Galloway, J. N. and G. E. Likens. 1976. Calibration of collection procedures for determination of precipitation chemistry. pp. 137-156. In: L. S. Dochinger and T. A. Seliga (eds.). Proc. The First Internat. Symp. on Acid Precipitation and the Forest Ecosystem. USDA Tech. Report NE-23; Also, Water, Air, and Soil Pollut. 6:241-258 (1976).
  97. Galloway, J. N., G. E. Likens and E. S. Edgerton. 1976. Acid precipitation in the northeastern United States: pH and acidity. Science 194:722-724.
  98. Galloway, J. N., G. E. Likens and E. S. Edgerton. 1976. Hydrogen ion speciation in the acid precipitation of the northeastern United States. pp. 383-396. In: L. S. Dochinger and T. A. Seliga (eds.). Proc. The First Internat. Symp. on Acid Precipitation and the Forest Ecosystem. USDA Tech. Report NE-23; Also, Water, Air, and Soil Pollut. 6:423-433 (1976).
  99. Gosz, J. R., G. E. Likens and F. H. Bormann. 1976. Organic matter and nutrient dynamics of the forest floor in the Hubbard Brook forest. Oecologia (Berl.) 22:305-320. Springer-Verlag New York Inc.; Also, pp. 311-319. In: J. K. Marshall (eds.). The Belowground Ecosystem: A Synthesis of Plant Associated Processes. Science Series No. 26, Ft. Collins, Colorado (1977).
  100. Hornbeck, J. W., G. E. Likens and J. S. Eaton. 1976. Seasonal patterns in acidity of precipitation and the implications for forest-stream ecosystems. pp. 597-609. In: L. S. Dochinger and T. A. Seliga (eds.). Proc. The First Internat. Symp. on Acid Precipitation and the Forest Ecosystem. USDA Forest Service General Tech. Report NE-23; Also, Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 7:355-365 (1977).
  101. Likens, G. E. 1976. Acid precipitation. Chemical and Engineering News 54:29-44.
  102. Likens, G. E., F. H. Bormann, J. S. Eaton, R. S. Pierce and N. M. Johnson. 1976. Hydrogen ion input to the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire during the last decade. pp. 397-407. In: L. S. Dochinger and T. A. Seliga (eds.). Proc. The First Internat. Symp. on Acid Precipitation and the Forest Ecosystem. USDA Forest Serv. General Tech. Report NE-23; Also, Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 6:435-445 (1976).
  103. Likens, G. E., N. M. Johnson, J. N. Galloway and F. H. Bormann. 1976. Acid precipitation: strong and weak acids. Science 194:643-645.
  104. Likens, G. E. and R. S. Pierce. 1976. Effects on aquatic systems. pp. 8-10. In: Workshop Report on Acid Precipitation and the Forest Ecosystem. USDA Forest Service General Tech. Report NE-26.
  105. Miller, J. M., J. N. Galloway and G. E. Likens. 1976. The use of ARL trajectories for the evaluation of precipitation chemistry data. pp. 131-132. In: L. S. Dochinger and T. A. Seliga (eds.). Proc. The First Internat. Symp. on Acid Precipitation and the Forest Ecosystem. USDA Forest Service General Tech. Report NE-23.
  106. Bormann, F. H. and G. E. Likens. 1977. The fresh air - clean water exchange. Natural History 86(9):62-71; Also, Environment 79/80:198-200 (1979).
  107. Bormann, F. H., G. E. Likens and J. Melillo. 1977. Nitrogen budget for an aggrading northern hardwood forest ecosystem. Science 196(4293):981-983.
  108. Delwiche, C. C. and G. E. Likens. 1977. Biological response to fossil fuel combustion products. pp. 73-88. In: W. Stumm (ed.). Global Chemical Cycles and Their Alterations by Man. Dahlem Konferenzen, Berlin.
  109. Lerman, A. (Rapporteur), M. Bernhard, B. Bolin, C. C. Delwiche, D. H. Ehhart, S. P. Gessel, D. R. Kester, W. E. Krumbein, G. E. Likens, F. T. Mackenzie, W. A. Reiners, W. Stumm, G. M. Woodwell and P. J. Zinke. 1977. Fossil fuel burning: its effects on the biosphere and biogeochemical cycles. Group Report. pp. 275-289. In: W. Stumm (eds.). Global Chemical Cycles and Their Alterations by Man. Dahlem Konferenzen, Berlin.
  110. Likens, G. E. 1977. Precipitation sampling techniques. pp. 334-339. In: J. Prospero (ed.). Background Papers for A Workshop on the Tropospheric Transport of Pollutants to the Ocean. Miami, Florida. December 1975.
  111. Likens, G. E., J. S. Eaton and J. S. Galloway. 1977. Precipitation as a source of nutrients for terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. pp. 552-570. In: R. G. Semonin and R. W. Beadle (Coordinators). ERDA Symp. Series 41, Precipitation Scavenging (1974). Champaign, Illinois. CONF-741003.
  112. Likens, G. E. and G. R. Hendrey. 1977. Acid precipitation (letter response). Chemical and Engineering News 55(25):60-61.
  113. Eaton, J. S., G. E. Likens and F. H. Bormann. 1978. The input of gaseous and particulate sulfur to a forest ecosystem. Tellus 30:546-551.
  114. Galloway, J. N. and G. E. Likens. 1978. The collection of precipitation for chemical analysis. Tellus 30:71-82.
  115. Glass, N. R., G. E. Likens and L. S. Dochinger. 1978. The ecological effects of atmospheric deposition. pp. 113-119. In: EPA, ORD Decision Series, Energy/Environment III. EPA-600/9-78-022.
  116. Gosz, J. R., R. T. Holmes, G. E. Likens and F. H. Bormann. 1978. The flow of energy in a forest ecosystem. Sci. Amer. 238(3):92-102.
  117. Likens, G. E. 1978. Precipitation (meteorology). pp. 303-305. In: McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York.
  118. Likens, G. E., F. H. Bormann, R. S. Pierce and W. A. Reiners. 1978. Recovery of a deforested ecosystem. Science 199(4328):492-496.
  119. Likens, G. E. and O. L. Loucks. 1978. Analysis of five North American lake ecosystems. III. Sources, loading and fate of nitrogen and phosphorus. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 20:568-573.
  120. Makarewicz, J. C. and G. E. Likens. 1978. Zooplankton niches and the community structure controversy. Science 200(4340):458-463.
  121. Miller, J. M., J. N. Galloway and G. E. Likens. 1978. Origin of air masses producing acid precipitation at Ithaca, New York: A Preliminary Report. Geophys. Res. Letters 5(9):757-760.
  122. Moeller, R. E. and G. E. Likens. 1978. Seston sedimentation in Mirror Lake, New Hampshire, and its relationship to long-term sediment accumulation. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 20:525-530.
  123. Richey, J. E., R. C. Wissmar, A. H. Devol, G. E. Likens, J. S. Eaton, R. G. Wetzel, W. E. Odum, P. H. Rich, O. L. Loucks, R. T. Prentki and N. M. Johnson. 1978. Carbon flux in four lake ecosystems: a structural approach. Science 202(4373):1183-1186.
  124. Woodwell, G. M., R. H. Whittaker, W. A. Reiners, G. E. Likens, C. C. Delwiche and D. B. Botkin. 1978. The biota and the world carbon budget. Science 199(4325):141-146.
  125. Bilby, R. E. and G. E. Likens. 1979. Effect of hydrologic fluctuations on the transport of fine particulate organic carbon in a small stream. Limnol. Oceanogr. 24(1):69-75.
  126. Bormann, F. H. and G. E. Likens. 1979. Catastrophic disturbance and the steady state in northern hardwood forests. Amer. Sci. 67(6):660-669.
  127. Cole, J. J. and G. E. Likens. 1979. Measurements of mineralization of phytoplankton detritus in an oligotrophic lake. Limnol. Oceanogr. 24(3):541-547.
  128. Galloway, J. N. and G. E. Likens. 1979. Atmospheric enhancement of metal deposition in Adirondack lake sediments. Limnol. Oceanogr. 24(3):427-433.
  129. Galloway, J. N., B. J. Cosby, Jr. and G. E. Likens. 1979. Acid precipitation: measurement of pH and acidity. Limnol. Oceanogr. 24(6):1161-1165.
  130. Likens, G. E. 1979. Session IX: Summing up and recommendations. p. 67. In: G. R. Hendrey (ed.). Limnological Aspects of Acid Precipitation. Internat. Workshop at Sagamore Lake Conference Center, September 1978. EPA, Corvallis and Brookhaven National Laboratory 51074.
  131. Likens, G. E. and F. H. Bormann. 1979. The role of watershed and airshed in lake metabolism. pp. 195-211. In: W. Rodhe, G. E. Likens and C. Serruya (eds.). Lake Metabolism and Management. Papers Emanating from the Jubilee Symposium of Uppsala University, Sweden. Arch. Hydrobiol. Beih. Ergebn. Limnol. 13.
  132. Likens, G. E. and T. J. Butler. 1979. Trends in acid precipitation in the eastern U.S. pp. 104-108. In: M. MacCracken (coordinator), The Multistate Atmospheric Power Production Pollution Study -- MAP3S. Progress Report for FY1977 and FY1978. DOE/EV-0040.
  133. Likens, G. E., R. F. Wright, J. N. Galloway and T. J. Butler. 1979. Acid rain. Sci. Amer. 241(4):43-51.
  134. Makarewicz, J. C. and G. E. Likens. 1979. Structure and function of the zooplankton community of Mirror Lake, New Hampshire. Ecol. Monogr. 49(1):109-127.
  135. Meyer, J. L. and G. E. Likens. 1979. Transport and transformation of phosphorus in a forest stream ecosystem. Ecology 60(6):1255-1269.
  136. Whittaker, R. H., G. E. Likens, F. H. Bormann, J. S. Eaton and T. G. Siccama. 1979. The Hubbard Brook Ecosystem Study: forest nutrient cycling and element behavior. Ecology 60(1):203-220.
  137. Woodwell, G. M., R. H. Whittaker, W. A. Reiners, G. E. Likens, C. C. Delwiche and D. B. Botkin. 1979. Reply to 'Where has all the carbon gone?' by C. W. Ralston. Science 204:1354-1356.
  138. Bilby, R. E. and G. E. Likens. 1980. Importance of organic debris dams in the structure and function of stream ecosystems. Ecology 61(5):1107-1113.
  139. Eaton, J. S., G. E. Likens and F. H. Bormann. 1980. Wet and dry deposition of sulfur at Hubbard Brook. pp. 69-75. In: T. C. Hutchinson and M. Havas (eds.). Effects of Acid Precipitation on Terrestrial Ecosystems. NATO Conf. Series 1 : Ecology 4. Plenum Publishing Corp.
  140. Hall, R. J. and G. E. Likens. 1980. Ecological effects of experimental acidification on a stream ecosystem. pp. 375-376. In: D. Drabløs and A. Tollan (eds.). Ecological Impact of Acid Precipitation. Proc. of Internat. Conf., Sandefjord, Norway. March 1980.
  141. Hall, R. J. and G. E. Likens. 1980. Ecological effects of whole-stream acidification. pp. 443-451. In: D. S. Shriner, C. R. Richmond and S. E. Lindberg (eds.). Atmospheric Sulfur Deposition -- Environmental Impact and Health Effects. Proc. Second Life Sciences Symp., Gatlinburg, Tennessee. October 1979.
  142. Hall, R. J., G. E. Likens. S. B. Fiance and G. R. Hendrey. 1980. Experimental acidification of a stream in the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire. Ecology 61(4):976-989.
  143. Jordan, M. J. and G. E. Likens. 1980. Measurement of planktonic bacterial production in an oligotrophic lake. Limnol. Oceanogr. 25(4):721-734.
  144. Last, F. T., G. E. Likens, B. Ullrich and L. Walløe. 1980. Acid precipitation -- progress and problems. Conference Summary. pp. 10-12. In: D. Drabløs and A. Tollan (eds.). Ecological Impact of Acid Precipitation. Proc. of Internat. Conf., Sandefjord, Norway. March 1980.
  145. Likens, G. E. 1980. The influence of reduced streamflows on water quality: a discussion. pp. 49-68. In: W. O. Spofford, Jr., A. L. Parker and A. V. Kneese (eds.). Energy Development in the Southwest: Problems of Water, Fish and Wildlife in the Upper Colorado River Basin, Vol. 2. Resources for the Future, Washington, D.C.
  146. Likens, G. E., F. H. Bormann and J. S. Eaton. 1980. Variations in precipitation and streamwater chemistry at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest during 1964 to 1977. pp. 443-464. In: T. C. Hutchinson and M. Havas (eds.). Effects of Acid Precipitation on Terrestrial Ecosystems. NATO Conference Series 1 : Ecology 4. Plenum Publishing Corp.
  147. Galloway, J. N. and G. E. Likens. 1981. Acid precipitation: the importance of nitric acid. Atmos. Environ. 15(6):1081-1085.
  148. Hall, R. J. and G. E. Likens. 1981. Chemical flux in an acid-stressed stream. Nature 292(5821):329-331.
  149. Johnson, N. M., C. T. Driscoll, J. S. Eaton, G. E. Likens and W. H. McDowell. 1981. "Acid rain," dissolved aluminum and chemical weathering at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire. Geochim. Cosmoch. Acta 45(9):1421-1437.
  150. Leonard, R. L., C. R. Goldman and G. E. Likens. 1981. Some measurements of the pH and chemistry of precipitation at Davis and Lake Tahoe, California. J. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 15:153-167.
  151. Likens, G. E. 1981. The not so gentle rain. pp. 212-227. In: Yearbook of Science and the Future. Encyclopaedia Britannica.
  152. Likens, G. E. and T. J. Butler. 1981. Recent acidification of precipitation in North America. Atmos. Environ. 15(7):1103-1109.
  153. Likens, G. E., F. H. Bormann and N. M. Johnson. 1981. Interactions between major biogeochemical cycles in terrestrial ecosystems. pp. 93-112. In: G. E. Likens (ed.). Some Perspectives of the Major Biogeochemical Cycles. SCOPE 17. John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chichester.
  154. Meyer, J. L., G. E. Likens and J. Sloane. 1981. Phosphorus, nitrogen, and organic carbon flux in a headwater stream. Arch. Hydrobiol. 91(1):28-44.
  155. Strayer, D. L., J. J. Cole, G. E. Likens and D. Buso. 1981. Biomass and annual production of the freshwater mussel Elliptio complanata in an oligotrophic, softwater lake. Freshwat. Biol. 11:435-440.
  156. Cole, J. J., G. E. Likens and D. L. Strayer. 1982. Photosynthetically produced dissolved organic carbon: an important carbon source for planktonic bacteria. Limnol. Oceanogr. 27(6):1080-1090.
  157. Driscoll, C. T. and G. E. Likens. 1982. Hydrogen ion budget of an aggrading forested ecosystem. Tellus 34:283-292.
  158. Galloway, J. N., G. E. Likens, W. C. Keene and J. M. Miller. 1982. The composition of precipitation in remote areas of the world. J. Geophys. Res. 87(11):8771-8786.
  159. Hall, R. J., J. M. Pratt and G. E. Likens. 1982. Effects of experimental acidification on macroinvertebrate drift diversity in a mountain stream. J. Water, Air, and Soil Pollut. 18:273-287.
  160. Likens, G. E. 1982. Acid rain. The World Book Encyclopedia, World Book -- Childcraft International, Inc. Chicago, Illinois.
  161. Likens, G. E. 1982. Meromictic lake. pp. 346-348. In: McGraw-Hill Book Co., Professional and Reference Book Division, Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, 5th edition.
  162. Likens, G. E. and R. E. Bilby. 1982. Development, maintenance and role of organic-debris dams in New England streams. pp. 122-128. In: F. J. Swanson, R. J. Janda, T. Dunne and D. W. Swanston (eds.). Sediment Budgets and Routing in Forested Drainage Basins. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report PNW-141.
  163. Confer, J. L., T. Kaaret and G. E. Likens. 1983. Zooplankton diversity and biomass in recently acidified lakes. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 40(1):36-42.
  164. Lazrus, A. L., P. L. Haagenson, G. L. Kok, B. J. Huebert, C. W. Kreitzberg, G. E. Likens, V. A. Mohnen, W. E. Wilson and J. W. Winchester. 1983. Acidity in air and water in a case of warm frontal precipitation. Atmos. Environ. 17(3):581-591.
  165. Likens, G. E. 1983. A priority for ecological research. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 64(4):234-243.
  166. Likens, G. E., E. S. Edgerton and J. N. Galloway. 1983. The composition and deposition of organic carbon in precipitation. Tellus 35B:16-24.
  167. Butler, T. J., C. V. Cogbill and G. E. Likens. 1984. Effect of climatology on precipitation chemistry. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 65(6):639-640.
  168. Cogbill, C. V., G. E. Likens and T. J. Butler. 1984. Uncertainties in historical aspects of acid precipitation: getting it straight. Atmos. Environ. 18(10):2261-2270.
  169. Cole, J. J., G. E. Likens and J. E. Hobbie. 1984. Decomposition of planktonic algae in an oligotrophic lake. Oikos 42:257-266.
  170. Cole, J. J., W. H. McDowell and G. E. Likens. 1984. Sources and molecular weight of "dissolved" organic carbon in an oligotrophic lake. Oikos 42:1-9.
  171. Galloway, J. N., G. E. Likens and M. Hawley. 1984. Acid precipitation: natural versus anthropogenic components. Science 226:829-831.
  172. Hall, R. J. and G. E. Likens. 1984. Effect of discharge rate on biotic and abiotic chemical flux in an acidified stream. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 41(8):1132-1138.
  173. Havas, M., T. Hutchinson and G. E. Likens. 1984. Effect of low pH on sodium regulation in two species of Daphnia. Can. J. Zool. 62(10):1965-1970.
  174. Havas, M., T. Hutchinson and G. E. Likens. 1984. Red herrings in acid rain research. Environ. Sci. Technol. 18(6):176A-186A.
  175. Johnson, N. M., G. E. Likens, M. C. Feller and C. T. Driscoll. 1984. Technical comment on "Acid rain on acid soil: a new perspective." Science 225:1424-1425.
  176. Likens, G. E. 1984. Acid rain: the smokestack is the "smoking gun." Garden 8(4):12-18.
  177. Likens, G. E. 1984. Beyond the shoreline: a watershed-ecosystem approach. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 22:1-22.
  178. Likens, G. E. 1984. Response to 'Maybe acid rain isn't the villain.' Fortune 110(3):11-12.
  179. Likens, G. E. 1984. We must take prompt action now. The Wall Street Journal, 28 June 1984, page 28.
  180. Likens, G. E., F. H. Bormann, R. S. Pierce, J. S. Eaton and R. E. Munn. 1984. Long-term trends in precipitation chemistry at Hubbard Brook, New Hampshire. Atmos. Environ. 18(12):2641-2647.
  181. Munn, R. E., G. E. Likens, B. Weisman, J. W. Hornbeck, C. W. Martin and F. H. Bormann. 1984. A meteorological analysis of the precipitation chemistry event samples at Hubbard Brook, New Hampshire. Atmos. Environ. 18(12):2775-2779.
  182. Bormann, F. H. and G. E. Likens. 1985. Air and watershed management and the aquatic ecosystem. pp. 436-444. In: G. E. Likens (ed.). An Ecosystem Approach to Aquatic Ecology: Mirror Lake and its Environment. Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
  183. Bormann, R. E., F. H. Bormann and G. E. Likens. 1985. Catastrophic disturbance and regional land use. pp. 65-72. In: G. E. Likens (ed.). An Ecosystem Approach to Aquatic Ecology: Mirror Lake and its Environment. Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
  184. Davis, M. B., R. E. Moeller, G. E. Likens, J. Ford, J. Sherman and C. Goulden. 1985. Paleoecology of Mirror Lake and its watershed. pp. 410-429. In: G. E. Likens (ed.). An Ecosystem Approach to Aquatic Ecology: Mirror Lake and its Environment. Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
  185. deNoyelles, F. and G. E. Likens. 1985. Phytoplankton. pp. 161-175 and pp. 250-257. In: G. E. Likens (ed.). An Ecosystem Approach to Aquatic Ecology: Mirror Lake and its Environment. Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
  186. Driscoll, C. T., J. N. Galloway, J. F. Hornig, G. E. Likens, M. Oppenheimer, K. A. Rahn and D. W. Schindler. 1985. Is there scientific consensus on acid rain? Excerpts from six governmental reports. Special Publication of the Institute of Ecosystem Studies, Millbrook, New York. 13 pp.
  187. Hall, R. J. and G. E. Likens. 1985. Experimental acidification of a stream tributary to Hubbard Brook. EPA Environmental Research Brief, EPA/600/M-85/011. 6 pp.
  188. Hall, R. J., C. T. Driscoll, G. E. Likens and J. M. Pratt. 1985. Physical, chemical and biological consequences of episodic aluminum additions to a stream. Limnol. Oceanogr. 30(1):212-220.
  189. Havas, M. and G. E. Likens. 1985. Toxicity of aluminum and hydrogen ions to Daphnia catawba, Holopedium gibberum, Chaoborus punctipennis and Chironomus anthracinus from Mirror Lake, New Hampshire. Can. J. Zool. 63:1114-1119.
  190. Havas, M. and G. E. Likens. 1985. Changes in 22Na influx and outflux in Daphnia magna (Straus) as a function of elevated Al concentrations in soft water at low pH (acidic deposition). Proc. National Academy of Sciences USA 82:7345-4349.
  191. Havas, M., T. Hutchinson and G. E. Likens. 1985. Acid rain research. Environ. Sci. Technol. 19(1):20, 26.
  192. Havas, M., T. C. Hutchinson and G. E. Likens. 1985. Comment on 'Red herrings in acid rain research.' [Reply]. Environ. Sci. Technol. 19(7):646-648.
  193. Johnson, N. M., G. E. Likens and J. S. Eaton. 1985. Stability, circulation and energy flux in Mirror Lake. pp. 108-127. In: G. E. Likens (ed.). An Ecosystem Approach to Aquatic Ecology: Mirror Lake and its Environment. Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
  194. Jordan, M. J., G. E. Likens and B. J. Peterson. 1985. Organic carbon budget. pp. 292-301. In: G. E. Likens (ed.). An Ecosystem Approach to Aquatic Ecology: Mirror Lake and its Environment. Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
  195. Likens, G. E. 1985. The aquatic ecosystem and air-land-water interactions. pp. 430-435. In: G. E. Likens (ed.). An Ecosystem Approach to Aquatic Ecology: Mirror Lake and its Environment. Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
  196. Likens, G. E. 1985. An experimental approach for the study of ecosystems. J. Ecology 73(2):381-396.
  197. Likens, G. E. 1985. The lake ecosystem. pp. 337-344. In: G. E. Likens (ed.). An Ecosystem Approach to Aquatic Ecology: Mirror Lake and its Environment. Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
  198. Likens, G. E. 1985. Mirror Lake: cultural history. pp. 72-83. In: G. E. Likens (ed.). An Ecosystem Approach to Aquatic Ecology: Mirror Lake and its Environment. Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
  199. Likens, G. E. and F. H. Bormann. 1985. An ecosystem approach. pp. 1-8. In: G. E. Likens (ed.). An Ecosystem Approach to Aquatic Ecology: Mirror Lake and its Environment. Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
  200. Likens, G. E. and R. E. Moeller. 1985. Chemistry. pp. 392-410. In: G. E. Likens (ed.). An Ecosystem Approach to Aquatic Ecology: Mirror Lake and its Environment. Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
  201. Likens, G. E. and R. E. Moeller. 1985. Fossil pigments. pp. 387-391. In: G. E. Likens (ed.). An Ecosystem Approach to Aquatic Ecology: Mirror Lake and its Environment. Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
  202. Likens, G. E., J. S. Eaton and N. M. Johnson. 1985. Physical and chemical environment. pp. 89-108. In: G. E. Likens (ed.). An Ecosystem Approach to Aquatic Ecology: Mirror Lake and its Environment. Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
  203. Likens, G. E., B. J. Peterson and J. J. Cole. 1985. Periphyton. pp. 175-177. In: G. E. Likens (ed.). An Ecosystem Approach to Aquatic Ecology: Mirror Lake and its Environment. Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
  204. Likens, G. E., F. H. Bormann, R. S. Pierce and J. S. Eaton. 1985. The Hubbard Brook Valley. pp. 9-39. In: G. E. Likens (ed.). An Ecosystem Approach to Aquatic Ecology: Mirror Lake and its Environment. Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
  205. Likens, G. E., J. S. Eaton, N. M. Johnson and R. S. Pierce. 1985. Flux and balance of water and chemicals. pp. 135-155. In: G. E. Likens (ed.). An Ecosystem Approach to Aquatic Ecology: Mirror Lake and its Environment. Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
  206. Makarewicz, J. C., G. E. Likens and M. J. Jordan. 1985. The pelagic region. pp. 322-337. In: G. E. Likens (ed.). An Ecosystem Approach to Aquatic Ecology: Mirror Lake and its Environment. Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
  207. Mitterer, R. H. and G. E. Likens. 1985. Biogeochemistry. In: McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, 6th edition.
  208. Oppenheimer, M., J. N. Galloway, G. E. Likens and S. A. Norton. 1985. Acid deposition. Science 227(4691):1154-1156.
  209. Prospero, J. M., W. C. Keene, J. N. Galloway, R. J. Delmas, L. Granat, G. Gravenhorst and G. E. Likens. 1985. The deposition of sulfur and nitrogen from the remote atmosphere working-group report. pp. 177-200. In: J. N. Galloway, R. J. Charlson, M. O. Andreae and H. Rodhe (eds.). The Biogeochemical Cycling of Sulfur and Nitrogen in the Remote Atmosphere. Bermuda Biological Station, Bermuda. D. Reidel Publishing Company.
  210. Richey, J. S., W. H. McDowell and G. E. Likens. 1985. Nitrogen transformation in a small mountain stream. Hydrobiologia 124(2):129-139.
  211. Galloway, J. N. and G. E. Likens. 1986. The composition of precipitation in remote areas of the world. Atmos. Environ. & Acid Rain (China) 1(2):34-39.
  212. Hornbeck, J. W., C. W. Martin, R. S. Pierce, F. H. Bormann, G. E. Likens and J. S. Eaton. 1986. Clearcutting northern hardwoods: effects on hydrologic and nutrient ion budgets. Forest Science 32(3):667-686.
  213. Likens, G. E. 1986. Acid rain: causes, consequences and correctives. Atmos. Environ. & Acid Rain (China) 1(1):33-40.
  214. Likens, G. E. 1986. Future of ecosystem studies. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 67(3):257-258.
  215. Martin, C. W., R. S. Pierce, G. E. Likens and F. H. Bormann. 1986. Clearcutting affects stream chemistry in the White Mountains of New Hampshire. USDA Forest Service Research Paper NE-579. 12 pp.
  216. Nodvin, S. C., C. T. Driscoll and G. E. Likens. 1986. The effect of pH on sulfate adsorption by a forest soil. Soil Science 142(2):69-75.
  217. Nodvin, S. C., C. T. Driscoll and G. E. Likens. 1986. Simple partitioning of anions and dissolved organic carbon in a forest soil. Soil Science 142(1):27-35.
  218. Strayer, D. L. and G. E. Likens. 1986. An energy budget for the zoobenthos of Mirror Lake, New Hampshire. Ecology 67(2):303-313.
  219. Strayer, D. L., J. S. Glitzenstein, C. Jones, J. Kolasa, G. E. Likens, M. McDonnell, G. G. Parker and S.T.A. Pickett. 1986. Long-term ecological studies: An illustrated account of their design, operation, and importance to ecology. Occasional Publication of the Institute of Ecosystem Studies, No. 2. Millbrook, New York. 38 pp.
  220. Weathers, K. C., G. E. Likens, F. H. Bormann, J. S. Eaton, W. B. Bowden, J. Andersen, D.A. Cass, J. N. Galloway, W. C. Keene, K. D. Kimball, P. Huth and D. Smiley. 1986. A regional acidic cloud/fog water event in the eastern United States. Nature 319:657-659.
  221. Bormann, F. H. and G. E. Likens. 1987. Changing perspectives on air-pollution stress. BioScience 37(6):370.
  222. Bormann, F. H., W. B. Bowden, R. S. Pierce, S. P. Hamburg, G. K. Voigt, R. C. Ingersoll and G. E. Likens. 1987. The Hubbard Brook sandbox experiment. pp. 215-256. In: W. R. Jordan, M. E. Gilpin and J. D. Aber (eds.). Restoration Ecology. Cambridge University Press.
  223. Galloway, J. N., Zhao Dianwu, Xiong Jiling and G. E. Likens. 1987. Acid rain: a comparison of China, United States and a remote area. Science 236:1559-1562.
  224. Hall, R. J., C. T. Driscoll and G. E. Likens. 1987. Importance of hydrogen ions and aluminium in regulating the structure and function of stream ecosystems: an experimental test. Freshwater Biology 18:17-43.
  225. Hedin, L. O., G. E. Likens and F. H. Bormann. 1987. Decrease in precipitation acidity resulting from decreased SO42- concentration. Nature 325:244-246.
  226. Hornbeck, J. W., C. W. Martin, R. S. Pierce, F. H. Bormann, G. E. Likens and J. S. Eaton. 1987. The northern hardwood forest ecosystem: ten years of recovery from clearcutting. USDA Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station, NE-RP-596. 30 pp.
  227. Likens, G. E. 1987. Acid rain: Do we know enough? p. 40. In: Environment 2000, New York State (Plenary Session).
  228. Likens, G. E. 1987. Chemical wastes in our atmosphere -- an ecological crisis. Industrial Crisis Quarterly 1(4):13-33.
  229. Likens, G. E. 1987. Concern for Sustained Ecological Research. Environ. Conservation 17(3):271-272.
  230. Likens, G. E. 1987. More action on acid rain. (Letter to the Editor). Poughkeepsie Journal, 22 April 1987, page 4A.
  231. Likens, G. E. 1987. Preface. page v. In: S. O. Rohmann and N. Lilienthal (eds.). Tracing a River's Toxic Pollution. A Case Study of the Hudson River, Phase II. An INFORM Report. 209 pp.
  232. Likens, G. E., J. J. Cole, J. Kolasa, J. McAninch, M. McDonnell, G. G. Parker and D. L. Strayer. 1987. Status and future of ecosystem science. Occasional Publication of the Institute of Ecosystem Studies, No. 3. Millbrook, New York. 24 pp.
  233. Likens, G. E., W. C. Keene, J. M. Miller and J. N. Galloway. 1987. Chemistry of precipitation from a remote, terrestrial site in Australia. J. Geophys. Res. 92(D11):13,299-13,314.
  234. Mayer, M. S. and G. E. Likens. 1987. The importance of algae in a shaded headwater stream as food for an abundant caddisfly (Trichoptera). J. N. Am. Benthol. Soc. 6(4):262-269.
  235. Caraco, N., J. J. Cole, G. E. Likens, M. D. Mattson and S. Nolan. 1988. A very imbalanced nutrient budget for Mirror Lake, New Hampshire, U.S.A. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 23:170-175.
  236. Driscoll, C. T., N. M. Johnson, G. E. Likens and M. C. Feller. 1988. Effects of acidic deposition on the chemistry of headwater streams: a comparison between Hubbard Brook, New Hampshire, and Jamieson Creek, British Columbia. Water Resour. Res. 24(2):195-200.
  237. Hedin, L. O., M. S. Mayer and G. E. Likens. 1988. The effect of deforestation on organic debris dams. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 23:1135-1141.
  238. Likens, G. E. 1988. Information needs -- Aquatic. pp. 101-119. In: J. C. White (ed.). Acid Rain: The Relationship Between Resources and Receptors. Elsevier Science Publishing Co., Inc.
  239. Likens, G. E. 1988. Water Pollution. The World Book Encyclopedia 21:137-138.
  240. Lovett, G. M., C. G. Jones and G. E. Likens. 1988. Acid rain report. (Response to P. Abelson's Editorial, 9 October 1987). Science 239:128.
  241. McDowell, W. H. and G. E. Likens. 1988. Origin, composition, and flux of dissolved organic carbon in the Hubbard Brook Valley. Ecol. Monogr. 58(3):177-195.
  242. Nodvin, S. C., C. T. Driscoll and G. E. Likens. 1988. Soil processes and sulfate loss at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest. Biogeochemistry 5:185-199.
  243. Weathers, K. C., G. E. Likens, F. H. Bormann, S. H. Bicknell, B. T. Bormann, B. C. Daube, Jr., J. S. Eaton, J. N. Galloway, W. C. Keene, K. D. Kimball, W. H. McDowell, T. G. Siccama, D. Smiley and R. Tarrant. 1988. Cloudwater chemistry from ten sites in North America. Environ. Sci. Technol. 22(8):1018-1026.
  244. Weathers, K. C., G. E. Likens, F. H. Bormann, J. S. Eaton, K. Kimball, J. N. Galloway, T. G. Siccama and D. Smiley. 1988. Chemical concentrations in cloud water from four sites in the eastern United States. pp. 345-357. In: M. H. Unsworth and D. Fowler (eds.). Acid Deposition at High Elevation Sites. Kluwer Academic Publ.
  245. Asbury, C. E., F. A. Vertucci, M. D. Mattson and G. E. Likens. 1989. Acidification of Adirondack lakes. Environ. Sci. Technol. 23(3):362-365.
  246. Caraco, N., J. J. Cole and G. E. Likens. 1989. Evidence for sulfate-controlled phosphorus release from sediments of aquatic systems. Nature 341(6240):316-318.
  247. Driscoll, C. T., G. E. Likens, L. O. Hedin, J. S. Eaton and F. H. Bormann. 1989. Changes in the chemistry of surface waters: 25-year results at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire. Environ. Sci. Technol. 23(2):137-143.
  248. Driscoll, C. T., G. E. Likens, L. O. Hedin and F. H. Bormann. 1989. A reply to C. W. Chen and L. E. Gomez's Letter to the Editor, 'Surface Water Chemistry.' Environ. Sci. Technol. 23(7):754, 789.
  249. Driscoll, C. T., G. E. Likens, L. O. Hedin and F. H. Bormann. 1989. Reply to P. J. Dillon, 'Changes in the chemistry of surface waters.' Environ. Sci. Technol. 23(9):1028.
  250. Driscoll, C. T., G. E. Likens, L. O. Hedin and F. H. Bormann. 1989. Reply to G. R. Holdren, Jr. and M. R. Church, 'Changes in the chemistry of surface waters.' Environ. Sci. Technol. 23(9):1079-1080.
  251. Fox, D. G., A. M. Bartuska, J. G. Byrne, E. Cowling, R. Fisher, G. E. Likens, S. E. Lindberg, R. A. Linthurst, J. Messer and D. S. Nichols. 1989. A screening procedure to evaluate air pollution effects on Class I wilderness areas. USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Fort Collins, Colorado. General Tech. Report RM-168, 36 pp.
  252. Likens, G. E. 1989. Acid rain and its effects on sediments in lakes and streams. Hydrobiologia 176/177:331-348; Also, pp. 331-348. In: P. G. Sly and B. T. Hart (eds.). Sediment-Water Interactions, Proc. Fourth Internat. Symposium, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Belgium.
  253. Likens, G. E. 1989. Alarmed by deterioration of lake shorelines [Letter to the Editor.] Vilas County News & Review, Eagle River, Wisconsin, 1 November 1989.
  254. Likens, G. E. 1989. Concluding remarks. pp. 209-210. In: G. E. Likens (ed.). Long-Term Studies in Ecology. Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
  255. Likens, G. E. 1989. Evaluating stresses on temperate forest ecosystems. pp. 161-198. In: G. B. Marini-Bettolo (ed.). A Study Week on: A Modern Approach to the Protection of the Environment. [Pontifical Academy of Sciences, The Vatican. 2-7 November 1989.] Pontificiae Academiae Scientiarvm Scripta Varia 75.
  256. Likens, G. E. 1989. Some aspects of air pollution on terrestrial ecosystems and prospects for the future. Ambio 18(3):172-178.
  257. Likens, G. E. 1989. Letter to the Editor in response to C. V. Runyon's, 'Does the acid rain hypothesis hold water?' The Science Teacher, November, pp. 10, 12.
  258. Mitchell, M. J., C. T. Driscoll, R. D. Fuller, M. B. David and G. E. Likens. 1989. Effect of whole-tree harvesting on the sulfur dynamics of a forest soil. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 53(3):933-940.
  259. Vertucci, F. A. and G. E. Likens. 1989. Spectral reflectance and water quality of Adirondack Mountain region lakes. Limnol. Oceanogr. 34(8):1660-1676.
  260. Winter, T. C., J. S. Eaton and G. E. Likens. 1989. Evaluation of inflow to Mirror Lake, New Hampshire. Water Resour. Bull. 25(5):991-1008.
  261. Asbury, C. E., M. D. Mattson, F. A. Vertucci and G. E. Likens. 1990. Reply to J. R. Kramer and R. C. Metcalf and R. W. Gerlach [Letter to the Editor], 'Acidification to Adirondack lakes.' Environ. Sci. Technol. 24(3):387-390.
  262. Caraco, N., J. Cole and G. E. Likens. 1990. A comparison of phosphorus immobilization in sediments of freshwater and coastal marine systems. Biogeochemistry 9:277-290.
  263. Caraco, N. F., J. J. Cole, G. E. Likens and S. Nolan. 1990. Atmospheric inputs of phosphorus to an oligotrophic lake. pp. 361-369. In: I. G. Poppoff, C. R. Goldman, L. S. Loeb and L. B. Leopold (eds.). International Mountain Watershed Symposium: Subalpine Processes and Water Quality. Lake Tahoe, June 1988.
  264. Cole, J. J., N. F. Caraco and G. E. Likens. 1990. Short-range atmospheric transport: A significant source of phosphorus to an oligotrophic lake. Limnol. Oceanogr. 35(6):1230-1237.
  265. Driscoll, C. T., C. E. Johnson, T. G. Siccama and G. E. Likens. 1990. Biogeochemistry of trace metals at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, N.H. pp. 637-648. In: Proc. of 1990 EPA/A+WMA Internat. Symp.: Measurement of Toxics and Related Air Pollutants. Air and Waste Management Association. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
  266. Giblin, A. E., G. E. Likens, D. White and R. W. Howarth. 1990. Sulfur storage and alkalinity generation in New England lake sediments. Limnol. Oceanogr. 35(4):852-869.
  267. Hedin, L. O., L. Granat, G. E. Likens and H. Rodhe. 1990. Strong similarities in seasonal concentration ratios of SO42-, NO3- and NH4+ in precipitation between Sweden and the northeastern United States. Tellus 42B:454-462.
  268. Hedin, L. O., G. E. Likens, K. M. Postek and C. T. Driscoll. 1990. A field experiment to test whether organic acids buffer acid deposition. Nature 345:798-800.
  269. Likens, G. E. 1990. Insights from Hubbard Brook: Importance of long-term data. pp. 3-24. In: I. G. Poppoff, C. R. Goldman, S. L. Loeb and L. B. Leopold (eds.). International Mountain Watershed Symposium: Subalpine Processes and Water Quality. Lake Tahoe, June 1988.
  270. Likens, G. E., L. O. Hedin and T. J. Butler. 1990. Some long-term precipitation chemistry patterns at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest: extremes and averages. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 24(1):128-135.
  271. Likens, G. E., F. H. Bormann, L. O. Hedin, C. T. Driscoll and J. S. Eaton. 1990. Dry deposition of sulfur: A 23-yr record for the Hubbard Brook Forest Ecosystem. Tellus 42B:319-329.
  272. Mattson, M. D. and G. E. Likens. 1990. Air pressure and methane fluxes. Nature 347(6295):718-719.
  273. Pierce, R. S., F. H. Bormann and G. E. Likens. 1990. The ecosystem approach to forest hydrological research. pp. 92-98. In: P. F. Ffolliott and D. P. Guertin (eds.). Proc. of a Workshop, Forest Hydrological Resources in China. An Analytical Assessment. U.S. Man and the Biosphere Program. Harbin, China; August 1987.
  274. Westman, W. E., R. K. Peet and G. E. Likens. 1990. A Biographical Memoir: Robert H. Whittaker 1920-1980. Biographical Memoirs 59:424-444. The National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.
  275. Butler, T. J. and G. E. Likens. 1991. The impact of changing regional emissions on precipitation chemistry in the eastern United States. Atmos. Environ. 25A(2):305-315.
  276. Caraco, N. F., J. J. Cole and G. E. Likens. 1991. A cross-system study of phosphorus release from lake sediments. pp. 241-258. In: J. J. Cole, G. M. Lovett and S.E.G. Findlay (eds.). Comparative Analysis of Ecosystems: Patterns, Mechanisms, and Theories. Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
  277. Caraco, N. F., J. J. Cole and G. E. Likens. 1991. Phosphorus release from anoxic sediments: lakes that break the rules. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 24(5):2985-2988.
  278. Giblin, A. E., G. E. Likens and R. W. Howarth. 1991. Reply to R. Stauffer [Letter to the Editor], 'Sulfur storage and alkalinity generation in New England lake sediments.' Limnol. Oceanogr. 36(6):1265-1271.
  279. Likens, G. E. 1991. Human-accelerated environmental change. BioScience 41(3):130.
  280. Likens, G. E. 1991. Some consequences of long-term human impacts on ecosystems. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 64(3):597-614.
  281. Likens, G. E. 1991. Toxic winds: whose responsibility? pp. 136-152. In: F. H. Bormann and S. R. Kellert (eds.). Ecology, Economics, Ethics: The Broken Circle. Yale University Press.
  282. Basnet, K., G. E. Likens, F. N. Scatena and A. E. Lugo. 1992. Hurricane Hugo: damage to a tropical rain forest in Puerto Rico. J. Tropical Ecology 8(1):47-56.
  283. Caraco, N. F., J. J. Cole and G. E. Likens. 1992. New and recycled primary production in an oligotrophic lake: Insights for summer phosphorus dynamics. Limnol. Oceanogr. 37(3):590-602.
  284. Driscoll, C. T., C. E. Johnson and G. E. Likens. 1992. Patterns in the biogeochemistry at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire, USA. pp. 244-255. In: A. Teller, P. Mathy and J.N.R. Jeffers (eds.). Responses of Forest to Environmental Changes. Commission of European Communities. Elsevier Applied Science, London and New York.
  285. Giblin, A. E., G. E. Likens and R. W. Howarth. 1992. The importance of reduced inorganic sulfur to the sulfur cycle of lakes. In: E. T. Degens, S. Kempe, A. Lein and Y. Sorokin (eds.). Interactions of Biogeochemical Cycles in Aqueous Ecosystems. Proc. SCOPE/UNEP Workshop at Listvyanka/Irkutsk, USSR. September 1988.
  286. Hultberg, H. and G. E. Likens. 1992. Sulphur deposition to forested catchments in northern Europe and North America -- large-scale variations and long-term dynamics. pp. 1343-1365. In: S. E. Schwartz and W.G.N. Slinn (coordinators). Fifth Internat. Conf. on Precipitation Scavenging and Atmosphere-Surface Exchange. Vol. 3--The Summers Volume: Applications and Appraisals. Hemisphere Publishing Corp.
  287. Likens, G. E. 1992. Clean Air Act did not stop acid rain. p. 5. In: Earth Summit Times.
  288. Likens, G. E. 1992. Meromictic lake. pp. 649-651. In: McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technol., 7th edition. Vol. 10. McGraw-Hill Publishing Co.
  289. Likens, G. E. 1992. Some applications on the ecosystem approach to environmental problems and resource management. pp. 16-30. In: A. Teller, P. Mathy and J.N.R. Jeffers (eds.). Responses of Forest Ecosystems to Environmental Changes. Commission of European Communities. Elsevier Applied Science, London and New York.
  290. Lovett, G. M., G. E. Likens and S. S. Nolan. 1992. Dry deposition of sulfur to the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest: a preliminary comparison of methods. pp. 1391-1401. In: S. E. Schwartz and W.G.N. Slinn (coordinators). Fifth Internat. Conf. on Precipitation Scavenging and Atmosphere-Surface Exchange. Vol. 3--The Summers Volume: Applications and Appraisals. Hemisphere Publishing Corp.
  291. Weathers, K. C., G. M. Lovett and G. E. Likens. 1992. The influence of a forest edge on cloud deposition. pp. 1415-1423. In: S. E. Schwartz and W.G.N. Slinn (coordinators). Fifth Internat. Conf. on Precipitation Scavenging and Atmosphere-Surface Exchange. Vol. 3--The Summers Volume: Applications and Appraisals. Hemisphere Publishing Corp.
  292. Basnet, K., F. N. Scatena, G. E. Likens and A. E. Lugo. 1993. Ecological consequences of root grafting in tabonuco (Dacryodes excelsea Vahl) trees in the Luquillo Experimental Forest, Puerto Rico. Biotropica 25:28-35.
  293. Bukaveckas, P., G. E. Likens, D. C. Buso and T. C. Winter. 1993. Hydrologic controls of chemical flux rates in the Mirror Lake watershed. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 25(1):419-422.
  294. Caraco, N. F., J. J. Cole and G. E. Likens. 1993. Sulfate control of phosphorus availability in lakes: a test and re-evaluation of Hasler and Einsele's Model. Hydrobiologia 253:275-280.
  295. Likens, G. E. and P. M. Groffman. 1993. Integrated regional models [workshop review]. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 74(3):226-228.
  296. Mattson, M. D. and G. E. Likens. 1993. Redox reactions of organic matter decomposition in a soft water lake. Biogeochemistry 19:149-172.
  297. Harriman, R., G. E. Likens, H. Hultberg and C. Neal. 1994. Influence of management practices in catchments on freshwater acidification: Afforestation in the United Kingdom and North America. pp. 83-101. In: C.E.W. Steinberg and R. F. Wright (eds.). Acidification of Freshwater Ecosystems: Implications for the Future. Dahlem Konferenzen, Berlin, Germany. John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
  298. Hedin, L. O., L. Granat, G. E. Likens, T. A. Buishand, J. N. Galloway, T. J. Butler and H. Rodhe. 1994. Steep declines in atmospheric base cations in regions of Europe and North America. Nature 367:351-354.
  299. Likens, G. E. 1994. Human-Accelerated Environmental Change--An Ecologist's View. 1994 Australia Prize Winner Presentation. Murdoch University, Perth, Australia. 16 pp.
  300. Likens, G. E. 1994. Pioneering the ecosystem approach. Limnology News [Winter 1994] 7:1-3.
  301. Likens, G. E. 1994. Watersheds. pp. 812-813. In: R. A. Eblen and W. R. Eblen (eds.). The Encyclopedia of the Environment. Houghton Mifflin Company, New York.
  302. Likens, G. E., C. T. Driscoll, D. C. Buso, T. G. Siccama, C. E. Johnson, D. F. Ryan, G. M. Lovett, T. Fahey and W. A. Reiners. 1994. The biogeochemistry of potassium at Hubbard Brook. Biogeochemistry 25:61-125.
  303. Siccama, T. G., S. P. Hamburg, M. A. Arthur, R. D. Yanai, F. H. Bormann and G. E. Likens. 1994. Corrections to the allometric equations and plant tissue chemistry for the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest. Ecology 75(1):246-248.
  304. Butler, T. J. and G. E. Likens. 1995. A direct comparison of throughfall plus stemflow, and estimates of dry and total deposition for sulfur and nitrogen. Atmospheric Environment 29(11):1253-1266.
  305. Christ, M., Yimin Zhang, G. E. Likens and C. T. Driscoll. 1995. Nitrogen retention capacity of a northern hardwood forest soil under ammonium sulfate additions. Ecol. Appl. 5(3):802-812.
  306. Johnson, C. E., T. G. Siccama, C. T. Driscoll, G. E. Likens and R. E. Moeller. 1995. Changes in lead biogeochemistry in response to decreasing atmospheric inputs. Ecol. Appl. 5(3):813-822.
  307. Likens, G. E. 1995. Environmental issues in the 1990s. Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering - ATS Focus 85:2-3.
  308. Likens, G. E. 1995. Sustained ecological research and the protection of ecosystems. pp. 13-21. In: T. B. Herman, S. Bondrup-Nielsen, J.H.M. Willison and N.W.P. Munro (eds.). Ecosystem Monitoring and Protected Areas. Proc. International Conference on Science and the Management of Protected Areas. Wolfville, Nova Scotia, Canada.
  309. Likens, G. E. 1995. Water pollution [revised and reprinted]. pp. 137-139. In: The World Book Encyclopedia, World Book Publishing, Vol. 21.
  310. Mattson, M. D. and G. E. Likens. 1995. Comment on 'Recent trends in the acid-base status of surface waters in Maine, USA--Kahl et al. 1993'. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 83(1/2):97-99.
  311. Ochs, C. A., J. J. Cole and G. E. Likens. 1995. Population dynamics of bacterioplankton in an oligotrophic lake. J. Plankton Research 17(2):365-391.
  312. Pardo, L. H., C. T. Driscoll and G. E. Likens. 1995. Patterns of nitrate loss from a chronosequence of clear-cut watersheds. J. Water, Air, Soil Pollution 85/3:1659-1664.
  313. Weathers, K. C., G. M. Lovett and G. E. Likens. 1995. Cloud deposition to a spruce forest edge. Atmospheric Environment 29(6):665-672.
  314. Galloway, J. N., W. C. Keene and G. E. Likens. 1996. Processes controlling the composition of precipitation at a remote southern hemispheric location: Torres del Paine National Park, Chile. J. Geophys. Res. 101(D3):6883-6897.
  315. Hedin, L. O. and G. E. Likens. 1996. Atmospheric dust and acid rain. Sci. Amer. 275(6):88-92.
  316. Holmes, R. T. and G. E. Likens. 1996. A checklist of organisms of the Hubbard Brook watershed-ecosystems, including Mirror Lake. Second Edition. March 1996, 56 pp.
  317. Likens, G. E. 1996. Air pollution and forest health. Environ. Review 3(8):1-6.
  318. Likens, G. E., C. T. Driscoll and D. C. Buso. 1996. Long-term effects of acid rain: response and recovery of a forest ecosystem. Science 272:244-246.
  319. Likens, G. E., C. T. Driscoll and D. C. Buso. 1996. Acid rain revisited? Science 273:293-295.
  320. Mitchell, M. J., C. T. Driscoll, J. S. Kahl, G. E. Likens, P. S. Murdoch and L. H. Pardo. 1996. Climatic control of nitrate loss from forested watersheds in the Northeast United States. Environ. Sci. Technol. 30(8):2609-2612.
  321. Romanowicz, R. B., C. T. Driscoll, T. J. Fahey, C. E. Johnson, G. E. Likens and T. G. Siccama. 1996. Changes in the biogeochemistry of potassium following a whole-tree harvest. Soil Sci. Soc. Amer. J. 60:1664-1674.
  322. Berger, T. W., S. L. Tartowski and G. E. Likens. 1997. Trifluoroacetate retention in a northern hardwood forest soil. Environ. Sci. Technol. 31(7):1916-1921.
  323. Findlay, S., G. E. Likens, L. Hedin, S. G. Fisher and W. H. McDowell. 1997. Organic matter dynamics in Bear Brook, Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire, USA. pp. 43-46. In: J. R. Webster and J. L. Meyer (eds.). Stream Organic Matter Budgets. J. North Amer. Bentholog. Soc. 16(1).
  324. Likens, G. E. 1997. Access roads endanger ecosystems. [Letter to the Editor]. Millbrook Round Table, December 11, 1997. p. A13.
  325. Likens, G. E., S. L. Tartowski, T. W. Berger, D. G. Richey, C. T. Driscoll, H. G. Frank and A. Klein. 1997. Transport and fate of trifluoroacetate in upland forest and wetland ecosystems. Proc. National Academy of Sciences 94:4499-4503.
  326. Ostfeld, R. S., S.T.A. Pickett, M. Shachak and G. E. Likens. 1997. Defining the scientific issues. pp. 3-10. In: S.T.A. Pickett, R. S. Ostfeld, M. Shachak and G. E. Likens (eds.). The Ecological Basis of Conservation: Heterogeneity, Ecosystems, and Biodiversity. Chapman & Hall, New York.
  327. Ostfeld, R. S., S.T.A. Pickett, M. Shachak and G. E. Likens. 1997. Themes [in Biodiversity and its Ecological Linkages]. pp. 123-124. In: S.T.A. Pickett, R. S. Ostfeld, M. Shachak and G. E. Likens (eds.). The Ecological Basis of Conservation: Heterogeneity, Ecosystems, and Biodiversity. Chapman & Hall, New York.
  328. Ostfeld, R. S., S.T.A. Pickett, M. Shachak and G. E. Likens. 1997. Themes [in Toward a New Conservation Theory]. p. 201. In: S.T.A. Pickett, R. S. Ostfeld, M. Shachak and G. E. Likens (eds.). The Ecological Basis of Conservation: Heterogeneity, Ecosystems, and Biodiversity. Chapman & Hall, New York.
  329. Ostfeld, R. S., S.T.A. Pickett, M. Shachak and G. E. Likens. 1997. Themes [in Application of Conservation Ecology]. p. 297. In: S.T.A. Pickett, R. S. Ostfeld, M. Shachak and G. E. Likens (eds.). The Ecological Basis of Conservation: Heterogeneity, Ecosystems, and Biodiversity. Chapman & Hall, New York.
  330. Pickett, S.T.A., R. S. Ostfeld, M. Shachak and G. E. Likens. 1997. Themes [in Foundations for a Comprehensive Conservation Theory]. Application of Conservation Ecology]. pp. 81-82. In: S.T.A. Pickett, R. S. Ostfeld, M. Shachak and G. E. Likens (eds.). The Ecological Basis of Conservation: Heterogeneity, Ecosystems, and Biodiversity. Chapman & Hall, New York.
  331. Pickett, S.T.A., R. S. Ostfeld, M. Shachak and G. E. Likens. 1997. Themes [in Synthesis and a Forward Look]. pp. 361-362. In: S.T.A. Pickett, R. S. Ostfeld, M. Shachak and G. E. Likens (eds.). The Ecological Basis of Conservation: Heterogeneity, Ecosystems, and Biodiversity. Chapman & Hall, New York.
  332. Pickett, S.T.A., M. Shachak, R. S. Ostfeld and G. E. Likens. 1997. Toward a comprehensive conservation theory. pp. 384-399. In: S.T.A. Pickett, R. S. Ostfeld, M. Shachak and G. E. Likens (eds.). The Ecological Basis of Conservation: Heterogeneity, Ecosystems, and Biodiversity. Chapman & Hall, New York.
  333. Richey, D. G., C. T. Driscoll and G. E. Likens. 1997. Soil retention of trifluoroacetate. Environ. Sci. Technol. 31(6):1723-1727.
  334. Richey, D. G., C. T. Driscoll and G. E. Likens. 1997. Soil retention of TFA in LTER soil. Network News, U.S. LTER Newsletter, Issue 20:10-11.
  335. Vitousek, P.M., J. D. Aber, R. W. Howarth, G. E. Likens, P. A. Matson, D. W. Schindler, W. H. Schlesinger and G. D. Tilman. 1997. Human alteration of the global nitrogen cycle: causes and consequences. Issues in Ecology 1:1-15.
  336. Vitousek, P.M., J. D. Aber, R. W. Howarth, G. E. Likens, P. A. Matson, D. W. Schindler, W. H. Schlesinger and D. G. Tilman. 1997. Human alteration of the global nitrogen cycle: sources and consequences. Ecological Applications 7(3):737-750.
  337. Weathers, K. C. and G. E. Likens. 1997. Clouds in southern Chile: An important source of nitrogen to nitrogen-limited ecosystems? Environ. Sci. Technol. 31(1):210-213.
  338. Bukaveckas, P. A., G. E. Likens, T. C. Winter and D. C. Buso. 1998. A comparison of methods for deriving solute flux rates using long-term data from streams in the Mirror Lake watershed. Water, Air, Soil Pollut. 105:277-293.
  339. Butler, T. J. and G. E. Likens. 1998. Weekly and daily precipitation chemistry network comparisons in the eastern U.S.: NADP/NTN vs. MAP3S/AIRMoN. Atmospheric Environment 32(21):3749-3765.
  340. Driscoll, C. T., G. E. Likens and M. R. Church. 1998. Recovery of surface waters in the northeastern U.S. from decreases in atmospheric deposition of sulfur. Water, Air, Soil Pollut.105:319-329.
  341. Likens, G. E. 1998. Limitations to intellectual progress in ecosystem science. pp. 247-271. In: M. L. Pace and P. M. Groffman (eds.)., Successes, Limitations and Frontiers in Ecosystem Science. 7th Cary Conference, Institute of Ecosystem Studies, Millbrook, New York. Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
  342. Likens, G. E. and K. Fallon Lambert. 1998. The importance of long-term data in addressing regional environmental issues. Northeastern Naturalist 5(2):127-136.
  343. Likens, G. E., C. T. Driscoll, D. C. Buso, T. G. Siccama, C. E. Johnson, G. M. Lovett, T. J. Fahey, W. A. Reiners, D. F. Ryan, C. W. Martin and S. W. Bailey. 1998. The biogeochemistry of calcium at Hubbard Brook. Biogeochemistry 41(2):89-173.
  344. Likens, G. E., K. C. Weathers, T. J. Butler and D. C. Buso. 1998. Solving the acid rain problem. Science 282(5396):1991-1992.
  345. Weathers, K. C. and G. E. Likens. 1998. Acid rain. pp. 1549-1561. In: W. N. Rom (ed.). Environmental and Occupational Medicine, 3rd edition. Lippincott-Raven Publ., Philadelphia.
  346. Weathers, K. C., G. M. Lovett, G. E. Likens and N. Caraco. 1998. Cloud water in southern Chile: Whence come the nutrients? pp. 313-315. In: R. S. Schemenauer and J. Bridgman (eds.). First International Conference on Fog and Fog Collection. IDRC, Ottawa, Canada.
  347. Yimin Zhang, M. J. Mitchell, M. Christ, H. R. Krouse and G. E. Likens. 1998. Stable sulfur isotopes in biogeochemistry at Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire. Biogeochemistry 41:259-275.
  348. Alewell, C., M. J. Mitchell, G. E. Likens and H. R. Krouse. 1999. Sources of stream sulfate at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest: Long-term analyses using stable isotopes. Biogeochemistry 44:281-299.
  349. Berger, T. W. and G. E. Likens. 1999. Effects of acid anion additions (trifluoroacetate and bromide) on soil solution chemistry of a northern hardwood forest soil. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 116:479-499.
  350. Christ, M. J., C. T. Driscoll and G. E. Likens. 1999. Watershed- and plot-scale tests of the mobile anion concept. Biogeochemistry 47(3):335-353.
  351. Holmes, R. T. and G. E. Likens. 1999. Organisms of Hubbard Brook Valley, New Hampshire. USDA Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station, General Tech. Report NE-257. 32 pp.
  352. Joyce, L. A., J. J. Landsberg, M. Stafford Smith, J. Ben-Asher, J. R. Cavazos Doria, K. Lajtha, G. E. Likens, A. Perevolotsky and U. Safriel. 1999. Ecosystem-level consequences of management options. pp. 97-116. In: T. W. Hoekstra and M. Shachak (eds.). Arid Lands Management -- Toward Ecological Sustainability. Univ. Illinois Press, Urbana and Chicago.
  353. Likens, G. E. 1999. Afterword: Reflections and Needs. pp. 269-272. In: T. W. Hoekstra and M. Shachak (eds.). Arid Lands Management -- Toward Ecological Sustainability. Univ. Illinois Press, Urbana and Chicago.
  354. Likens, G. E. 1999. The science of nature, the nature of science: Long-term ecological studies at Hubbard Brook. Proc. American Philosophical Society 143(4):558-572.
  355. Rosenberry, D. O., P. A. Bukaveckas, D. C. Buso, G. E. Likens, A. M. Shapiro and T. C. Winter. 1999. Movement of road salt to a small New Hampshire lake. Water, Air, and Soil Pollut. 109:179-206.
  356. Steinhart, G. S., G. E. Likens and D. Soto. 1999. Nutrient limitation in Lago Chaiquenes (Parque Nacional Alerce Andino, Chile): Evidence from nutrient enrichment experiments and physiological assays. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 72(4): 559-568.
  357. Yimin Zhang, M. J. Mitchell, C. T. Driscoll and G. E. Likens. 1999. Changes in soil sulfur constituents in a forested watershed eight years after whole-tree harvesting. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 29:356-364.
  358. Alewell, C., M. J. Mitchell, G. E. Likens and H. R. Krouse. 2000. Assessing the origin of sulfate- deposition at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest. The Journal of Environmental Quality 29(3):759-767.
  359. Buso, D. C., G. E. Likens and J. S. Eaton. 2000. Chemistry of precipitation, streamwater and lakewater from the Hubbard Brook Ecosystem Study: A record of sampling protocols and analytical procedures. General Tech. Report NE-275. Newtown Square, PA: USDA Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station. 52 pp.
  360. Campbell, J. L., J. W. Hornbeck, W. H. McDowell, D. C. Buso, J. B. Shanley and G. E. Likens. 2000. Dissolved organic nitrogen budgets for upland, forested ecosystems in New England. Biogeochemistry 49:123-142.
  361. Hall, R. O., Jr. and G. E. Likens. 2000. Ecological implications of high discharge variability in streams of the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 27:2353-2358.
  362. Johnson, C. E., C. T. Driscoll, T. G. Siccama and G. E. Likens. 2000. Element fluxes and landscape position in a northern hardwood forest watershed ecosystem. Ecosystems 3:159-184.
  363. Larison, J. R., G. E. Likens, J. W. Fitzpatrick and J. G. Crock. 2000. Cadmium toxicity among wildlife in the Colorado Rocky Mountains. Nature 406:181-183.
  364. Lewis, G. P. and G. E. Likens. 2000. Low stream nitrate concentrations associated with oak forests on the Allegheny High Plateau of Pennsylvania. Water Resources Research 36(10):3091-3094.
  365. Likens, G. E. 2000. Earth resurgent. Yale Alumni Magazine Letters 64(1):12-13.
  366. Likens, G. E. 2000. A long-term record of ice cover for Mirror Lake, New Hampshire: effects of global warming? Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 27(5):2765-2769.
  367. Martin, C. W., G. E. Likens and D. C. Buso. 2000. Comparison of long-term precipitation chemistry measurements at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire. Water, Air, and Soil Pollut. 120(3-4):359-379.
  368. Martin, C. W., J. W. Hornbeck, G. E. Likens and D. C. Buso. 2000. Impacts of intensive harvesting on hydrology and nutrient dynamics of northern hardwood forests. Can. J. For. Res. 57(Suppl. 2):19-29.
  369. Steinhart, G. S., G. E. Likens and P. M. Groffman. 2000. Denitrification in stream sediments in five northeastern (USA) streams. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 27(3):1331-1336.
  370. Weathers, K. C., G. M. Lovett, G. E. Likens and N. M. Caraco. 2000. Cloudwater inputs of nitrogen to forest ecosystems in southern Chile: Forms, fluxes and sources. Ecosystems 3:590-595.
  371. Weathers, K. C., G. M. Lovett, G. E. Likens and R. Lathrop. 2000. The effect of landscape features on deposition to the Hunter Mountain, Catskill Mountains, New York. Ecological Applications 10(2):528-540.
  372. Berger, T. W., C. Eagar, G. E. Likens and G. Stingeder. 2001. Effects of calcium and aluminum chloride additions on foliar and throughfall chemistry in sugar maples. Forest Ecology and Management 149:75-90.
  373. Butler, T. J., G. E. Likens and B.J.B. Stunder. 2001. Regional-scale impacts of Phase I of the Clean Air Act Amendments in the USA: the relation between emissions and concentrations, both wet and dry. Atmospheric Environment 35(6):1015-1028.
  374. Driscoll, C. T., G. B. Lawrence, A. J. Bulger, T. J. Butler, C. S. Cronan, C. Eagar, K. Fallon Lambert, G. E. Likens, J. L. Stoddard and K. C. Weathers. 2001. Acid Rain Revisited: advances in scientific understanding since the passage of the 1970 and 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments. Hubbard Brook Research Foundation. Science Links Publication. Vol. 1, No. 1. pp. 1-20.
  375. Driscoll, C. T., G. B. Lawrence, A. J. Bulger, T. J. Butler, C. S. Cronan, C. Eagar, K. Fallon Lambert, G. E. Likens, J. L. Stoddard and K. C. Weathers. 2001. Acidic deposition in the northeastern United States: sources and inputs, ecosystem effects, and management strategies. BioScience 51(3):180-198.
  376. Gbondo-Tugbawa, S. S., C. T. Driscoll, J. D. Aber and G. E. Likens. 2001. Evaluation of an integrated biogeochemical model (PnET-BGC) at a northern hardwood forest ecosystem. Water Resour. Res. 37(4):1057-1070.
  377. Hall, R. O., Jr., G. E. Likens and H. M. Malcom. 2001. Trophic basis of invertebrate production in two streams at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest. J. N. Amer. Benthol. Soc. 29(3):432-447.
  378. Hall, R. O., Jr., K. H. Macneale, E. S. Bernhardt, M. Field and G. E. Likens. 2001. Biogeo-chemical responses of two forest streams to a two-month calcium addition. Freshwater Biology 46(3):291-302.
  379. Likens, G. E. 2001. Arthur D. Hasler - A personal note. Resolution of Respect, Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 82(3):173.
  380. Likens, G. E. 2001. Biogeochemistry, the watershed approach: some uses and limitations. In: Frontiers of Catchment Biogeochemistry. CSIRO Land and Water, Canberra, Australia. Marine and Freshwater Research 52(1):5-12
  381. Likens, G. E. 2001. Ecosystems: Energetics and Biogeochemistry. pp. 53-88. In: W. J. Kress and G. Barrett (eds.). A New Century of Biology. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington and London.
  382. Likens, G. E. 2001. Eugene P. Odum, the ecosystem approach, and the future. pp. 309-328. In: G. W. Barrett and T. L. Barrett (eds.). Holistic Science: The Evolution of the Georgia Institute of Ecology (1940-2000). Taylor & Francis Publishing, New York.
  383. Likens, G. E. 2001. Watersheds. pp. 1370-1371. In: R. A. Eblen and W. R. Eblen (eds.) The Environment Encyclopedia, Vol. 10. Marshall Cavendish: Tarrytown, NY
  384. Likens, G. E., T. J. Butler and D. C. Buso. 2001. Long- and short-term changes in sulfate deposition: Effects of The 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments. Biogeochemistry 52(1):1-11.
  385. Mitchell, M. J., B. Mayer, S. W. Bailey, J. W. Hornbeck, C. Alewell, C. T. Driscoll and G. E. Likens. 2001. Use of stable isotope ratios for evaluating sulfur sources and losses at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 130:75-86.
  386. Scott, N. S., G. E. Likens, J. S. Eaton and T. G. Siccama. 2001. Loss of trace metals following whole-tree harvest of a northeastern deciduous forest. Biogeochemistry 54:197-217.
  387. Aber, J. D., S. V. Ollinger, C. T. Driscoll, G. E. Likens, R. T. Holmes, R. J. Freuder and C. L. Goodale. 2002. Inorganic nitrogen losses from a forested ecosystem in response to physical, chemical, biotic, and climatic perturbations. Ecosystems 5(7):648-658.
  388. Barrett, G. W. and G. E. Likens. 2002. Eugene P. Odum: Pioneer of Ecosystem Ecology. BioScience 52(11):1047-1048.
  389. Bernhardt, E. S. and G. E. Likens. 2002. Dissolved organic carbon enrichment alters nitrogen dynamics in a forest stream. Ecology 83(6):1689-1700.
  390. Bernhardt, E. S., R. O. Hall, Jr. and G. E. Likens. 2002. Whole-system estimates of nitrification and nitrate uptake in streams of the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest. Ecosystems 5(5):419-430.
  391. Blum, J. D., A. Klaue, C. A. Nezat, C. T. Driscoll, C. E. Johnson, T. G. Siccama, C. Eagar, T. J. Fahey and G. E. Likens. 2002. Mycorrhizal weathering of apatite as an important calcium source in base-poor forest ecosystems. Nature 417:729-731.
  392. Dijkstra, F. A., N. van Breemen, A. G. Jongmans, G. R. Davies and G. E. Likens. 2002. Calcium weathering in forested soils and the effect of different tree species. Biogeochemistry 62(3):253-275.
  393. Driscoll, C. T., G. B. Lawrence, A. J. Bulger, T. J. Butler, C. S. Cronan, C. Eagar, K. F. Lambert, G. E. Likens, J. L. Stoddard and K. C. Weathers. 2002. Response to W. E. Sharpe's "Acid deposition explains sugar maple decline in the East". BioScience 52(1):5-6.
  394. Gbondo-Tugbawa, S. S., C. T. Driscoll, M. J. Mitchell, J. D. Aber and G. E. Likens. 2002. A model to simulate the response of a northern hardwood forest ecosystem to changes in S deposition. Ecol. Appl. 12(1):8-23.
  395. Gilliland, A. B., T. J. Butler and G. E. Likens. 2002. Monthly and annual bias in weekly (NADP/NTN) versus daily (AIRMoN) precipitation chemistry data in the Eastern USA. Atmos. Environ. 36:5197-5206. • nominated by NOAA Director for NOAA OAR "outstanding paper award", 2005
  396. Hall, R. O., Jr., E. S. Bernhardt and G. E. Likens. 2002. Relating nutrient uptake with transient storage in forested mountain streams. Limnology and Oceanography 47(1):255-265.
  397. Kelly, V. R., G. M. Lovett, K. C. Weathers and G. E. Likens. 2002. Trends in atmospheric concentration and deposition compared to regional and local pollutant emissions at a rural site in southeastern New York, USA. Atmospheric Environment 36:1569-1575.
  398. Kobe, R. K., G. E. Likens and C. Eagar. 2002. Tree seedling growth and mortality responses to manipulations of calcium and aluminum in a northern hardwood forest. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 32:954-966.
  399. Likens, G. E. 2002. AIBSnews: AIBS Active in Ohio Science Standards Battle. BioScience 52(8):755-756.
  400. Likens, G. E. 2002. Arthur Davis Hasler, 1908-2001: A Biographical Memoir. National Academy of Sciences Biographical Memoirs, The National Academy Press, Washington, DC. Vol. 82, 14 pp.
  401. Likens, G. E. 2002. The new AIBS. Editorial, BioScience 52(1):3.
  402. Likens, G. E. 2002. A thimbleful of powder. Editorial, BioScience 52(7):547.
  403. Likens, G. E., D. C. Buso and J. W. Hornbeck. 2002. Variation in chemistry of stream water and bulk deposition across the Hubbard Brook Valley, New Hampshire, USA. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 28(1):402-409.
  404. Likens, G. E., C. T. Driscoll, D. C. Buso, M. J. Mitchell, G. M. Lovett, S. W. Bailey, T. G. Siccama, W. A. Reiners and C. Alewell. 2002. The biogeochemistry of sulfur at Hubbard Brook. Biogeochemistry 60(3):235-316.
  405. Macneale, K. H., G. E. Likens and B. L. Peckarsky. 2002. Feeding strategy of an adult stonefly (Plecoptera): implications for egg production and dispersal. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol.28(2):1140-1146.
  406. Marino, R., F. Chan, R. W. Howarth, M. Pace and G. E. Likens. 2002. Ecological and biogeochemical interactions constrain planktonic nitrogen fixation in estuaries. Ecosystems 5(7):719-724.
  407. Stearns, F. W. and G. E. Likens. 2002. One hundred years of recovery of a pine forest in northern Wisconsin. Amer. Midl. Natur. 148(1):2-19.
  408. Steinhart, G. S., G. E. Likens and D. Soto. 2002. Physiological indicators of nutrient deficiency in phytoplankton in southern Chilean lakes. Hydrobiologia 489:21-27.
  409. Stelzer, R. S., G. E. Likens, D. C. Buso and J. H. McCutchan. 2002. Seasonal variation of phosphorus in precipitation at Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 28:1211-1215.
  410. Bailey, S. W., D. C. Buso and G. E. Likens. 2003. Implications of sodium mass balance for interpreting the calcium cycle of a forested ecosystem. Ecology 84(2):471-484.
  411. Bernhardt, E. S., G. E. Likens, D. C. Buso and C. T. Driscoll. 2003. In-stream uptake dampens effects of major forest disturbance on watershed nitrogen export. Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences 100(18):10304-10308.
  412. Butler, T. J., G. E. Likens, F. M. Vermeylen and B.J.B. Stunder. 2003. The relation between NO? emissions and precipitation NO3- in the eastern USA. Atmos. Environ. 37(15):2093-2104.
  413. Caraco, N. F., J. J. Cole, G. E. Likens, G. M. Lovett and K. C. Weathers. 2003. Variation in NO3 export from flowing waters of vastly different sizes: Does one model fit all? Ecosystems 6(4):344-352.
  414. Fitzhugh, R. D., G. E. Likens, C. T. Driscoll, M. J. Mitchell, P. M. Groffman, T. J. Fahey and J. P. Hardy. 2003. Role of soil freezing events in interannual patterns of stream chemistry at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire. Environ. Sci. Tech. 37:1575-1580.
  415. Harris, G. P., S. W. Bigelow, J. J. Cole, H. Cyr, L. L. Janus, A. P. Kinzig, J. F. Kitchell, G. E. Likens, K. H. Reckhow, D. Scavia, D. Soto, L. M. Talbot and P. H. Templer. 2003. The role of models in ecosystem management. pp. 299-307. In: C. D. Canham, J. J. Cole and W. K. Lauenroth (eds). Models in Ecosystem Science. Cary Conference IX, Institute of Ecosystem Studies, Millbrook, NY. Princeton University Press.
  416. Houlton, B. Z., C. T. Driscoll, T. J. Fahey, G. E. Likens, P. M. Groffman, E. S. Bernhardt and D. C. Buso. 2003. Nitrogen dynamics in ice storm-damaged forest ecosystems: Implications for nitrogen limitation theory. Ecosystems 6(5):431-443.
  417. Likens, G. E. 2003. Use of long-term data, mass balances and stable isotopes in watershed biogeochemistry: The Hubbard Brook model. Gayana Botanica 60(1):3-7.
  418. Marino, R., R. W. Howarth, F. Chan, J. J. Cole and G. E. Likens. 2003. Sulfate inhibition of molybdenum-dependent nitrogen fixation by planktonic cyanobacteria under seawater conditions: A non-reversible effect. Hydrobiologia 500:277-293.
  419. Stelzer, R. S., J. Heffernan and G. E. Likens. 2003. The influence of dissolved nutrients and particulate organic matter quality on microbial respiration and biomass in a forest stream. Freshwater Biology 48:1925-1937.
  420. Winter, T. C., D. C. Buso, D. O. Rosenberry, G. E. Likens, A. M. Sturrock, Jr. and D. P. Mau. 2003. Evaporation determined by the energy-budget method for Mirror Lake, New Hampshire. Limnol. Oceanogr. 48(3):995-1009.
  421. Bernhardt, E. S. and G. E. Likens. 2004. Controls on periphyton biomass in heterotrophic streams. Freshwater Biology 49:14-27.
  422. Campbell, J. L., J. W. Hornbeck, M. J. Mitchell, M. B. Adams, M. S. Castro, C. T. Driscoll, J. S. Kahl, J. N. Kochenderfer, G. E. Likens, J. A. Lynch, P. S. Murdoch, S. J. Nelson, J. B. Shanley. 2004. Input-output budgets of inorganic nitrogen for 24 forest watersheds in the Northeastern United States: A review. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution 151:373-396.
  423. Driscoll, C. T., G. B. Lawrence, A. J. Bulger, T. J. Butler, C. S. Cronan, C. Eagar, K. F. Lambert, G. E. Likens, J. L. Stoddard and K. C. Weathers. 2004. Acidic deposition in the northeastern United States: Sources and inputs, ecosystem effects and management strategies. pp. 159-190. In: J. M. Gunn, R. J. Steedman, and R. A. Ryder (eds.). Boreal Shield Watersheds, Section III: Biological Effects and Management Reactions. Lewis Publishers.
  424. Groffman, P. M., C. T. Driscoll, C. Eagar, M. C. Fisk, T. J. Fahey, R. T. Holmes, G. E. Likens and L. Pardo. 2004. A new governance structure for the Hubbard Brook Ecosystem Study. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 85(1):5-6.
  425. Groffman, P. M., C. T. Driscoll, G. E. Likens, T. J. Fahey, R. T. Holmes, C. Eagar and J. D. Aber. 2004. Nor gloom of night: A new conceptual model for the Hubbard Brook Ecosystem Study. BioScience 54(2):139-148.
  426. Likens, G. E. 2004. Biogeochemistry: Some opportunities and challenges for the future. Water, Air and Soil Pollution: Focus 4(2-3):5-24.
  427. Likens, G. E. 2004. Meromictic lakes. McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia.
  428. Likens, G. E. 2004. Perils of a thirsty city. Editorial, Herald Sun, 9 April 2004.
  429. Likens, G. E. 2004. Some perspectives on long-term biogeochemical research from the Hubbard Brook Ecosystem Study. Ecology 85(9):2355-2362.
  430. Likens, G. E., B. K. Dresser and D. C. Buso. 2004. Short-term, temperature response in forest floor and soil to ice storm disturbance in a northern hardwood forest. Northern Journal of Applied Forestry 21(4):209-219.
  431. Likens, G. E., D. C. Buso, B. K. Dresser, E. S. Bernhardt, R. O. Hall, Jr., K. H. Macneale and S. W. Bailey. 2004. Buffering an acidic stream in New Hampshire with a silicate mineral. Restoration Ecology 12(3):419-428.
  432. Macneale, K. H., B. L. Peckarsky and G. E. Likens. 2004. Contradictory results from different methods for measuring direction of insect flight. Freshwater Biology 49:1260-1268.
  433. Peters, S. C., J. D. Blum, C. T. Driscoll and G. E. Likens. 2004. Dissolution of wollastonite during the experimental manipulation of Hubbard Brook Watershed 1. Biogeochemistry 67:309-329.
  434. Bernhardt, E. S., G. E. Likens, R. O. Hall, Jr., D. C. Buso, S. G. Fisher, T. M. Burton, J. L. Meyer, W. H. McDowell, M. S. Mayer, W. B. Bowden, S.E.G. Findlay, K. H. Macneale, R. S. Stelzer and W. H. Lowe. 2005. Can't see the forest for the stream? In-stream processing and terrestrial nitrogen exports. BioScience 55(3):219-230.
  435. Butler, T. J., G. E. Likens, F. M. Vermeylen and B.J.B. Stunder. 2005. The impact of changing nitrogen oxide emissions on wet and dry nitrogen deposition in the northeastern USA. Atmospheric Environment 39:4851-4862.
  436. Fahey, T. J., T. G. Siccama, C. T. Driscoll, G. E. Likens, J. Campbell, C. E. Johnson, J. D. Aber, J. J. Cole, M. C. Fisk, P. M. Groffman, R. T. Holmes, P. A. Schwarz and R. D. Yanai. 2005. The biogeochemistry of carbon at Hubbard Brook. Biogeochemistry 75(1):109-176.
  437. Kaushal, S. S., P. M. Groffman, G. E. Likens, K. T. Belt, W. P. Stack, V. R. Kelly, L. E. Band and G. T. Fisher. 2005. Increased salinization of fresh water in the northeastern United States. Proc. National Academy of Sciences 102(38):13517-13520.
  438. Kelly, V. R., G. M. Lovett, K. C. Weathers and G. E. Likens. 2005. Trends in atmospheric ammonium concentrations in relation to atmospheric sulfate and local agriculture. Environmental Pollution
  439. 135:363-369.
  440. Likens, G. E. 2005. A Biologist's View of Liberal Education. In: The Liberal Education: Dead or Alive? Conf., Dartmouth College.
  441. Likens, G. E. 2005. Foreward. pp. v-vi. In: G. M. Lovett, C. G. Jones, M. G. Turner and K. C. Weathers (eds.). Ecosystem Function in Heterogeneous Landscapes. Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
  442. Likens, G. E. 2005. Foreword. pp. xi-xii. In: R. J. Naiman, H. Décamps and M. E. McClain (eds.). Riparia: Ecology, Conservation, and Management of Streamside Communities. Elsevier Academic Press, Inc.
  443. Likens, G. E. 2005. Professor Robert G. Wetzel. SIL news 46:1-3.; Robert G. Wetzel, 1936-2005. Limnology and Oceanography Bulletin 14(2):44-45.
  444. Likens, G. E. 2005. Providing Limnological Leadership in Tomorrow's World. SIL Presidential Address, Lahti, Finland. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 29(1):1-10.
  445. Likens, G. E. and W. Lampert. 2005. In memoriam, Professor Robert G. Wetzel, 1936-2005. Arch. Hydrobiol. 163(4):431-433.
  446. Likens, G. E. and D. A. Pillard. 2005. Obituary, Frank A. Vertucci, 1956-2005. Limnol. Oceanogr. Bulletin 14(4):83.
  447. Likens, G. E., D. C. Buso and T. J. Butler. 2005. Long-term relationships between SO2 and NOX emissions and SO42- and NO3- concentration in bulk deposition at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire. J. Environ. Monitoring 7(10):964-968.
  448. Lovett, G. M., G. E. Likens, D. C. Buso, C. T. Driscoll and S. W. Bailey. 2005. The biogeochemistry of chlorine at Hubbard Brook, New Hampshire, USA. Biogeochemistry 72:191-232.
  449. Lowe, W. and G. E. Likens. 2005. Moving headwater streams to the head of the class. BioScience 55(3):196-197.
  450. Lowe, W. H., K. H. Nislow and G. E. Likens. 2005. Forest structure and stream salamander diets: implications for terrestrial-aquatic connectivity. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 29(1):279-286.
  451. Macneale, K. H., B. L. Peckarsky and G. E. Likens. 2005. Stable isotopes identify dispersal patterns of stonefly populations living along stream corridors. Freshwater Biology 50:1117-1130.
  452. Gliwicz, Z. M., M. Gophen, R. Gulati, D. Hamilton, B. Boss, S. Ostroumov, J. Padisak, B. Wehrli and G. E. Likens. 2006. Memoriam: Professor Robert G. Wetzel. In: Ecological Studies, Hazards, Solutions 11:207.
  453. Groffman, P. M., M. C. Fisk, C. T. Driscoll, G. E. Likens, T. J. Fahey, C. Eagar and L. H. Pardo. 2006. Calcium additions and microbial nitrogen cycle processes in a northern hardwood forest. Ecosystems 9:1289-1305.
  454. Likens, G. E. 2006. Meromictic lake. McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia. pp. 679-681.
  455. Likens, G. E. 2006. Some reflections on ESA: Then and Now. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 87(4): 326-328.
  456. Likens, G. E. and D. C. Buso. 2006. Variation in streamwater chemistry throughout the Hubbard Brook Valley. Biogeochemistry 78:1-30.
  457. Lowe, W. H., G. E. Likens and B. J. Cosentino. 2006. Self-organisation in streams: the relationship between movement behaviour and body condition in a headwater salamander. Freshwater Biology 51(11):2052-2062.
  458. Lowe, W. H., G. E. Likens and M. E. Power. 2006. Linking scales in stream ecology. BioScience 56(7):591-597.
  459. Lowe, W. H., G. E. Likens, M. A. McPeek and D. C. Buso. 2006. Linking direct and indirect data on dispersal: Isolation by slope in a headwater stream salamander. Ecology 87(2):334-339.
  460. Marino, R., F. Chan, R. W. Howarth, M. L. Pace and G. E. Likens. 2006. Ecological constraints on planktonic nitrogen fixation in saline estuaries. I. Nutrient and trophic controls. Marine Ecology Progress Series 309:25-39.
  461. Pace, M. L. and G. E. Likens. 2006. Hiding scientific findings is unfair to public. Editorial, Poughkeepsie Journal, 2 March 2006.
  462. Stelzer, R. S. and G. E. Likens. 2006. Effects of sampling frequency on estimates of dissolved silica export by streams: The role of hydrological variability and concentration-discharge relationships. Water Resour. Res. 42(7):1-10 [ W07415].
  463. Tripler, C. E., S. S. Kaushal, G. E. Likens and M. T. Walter. 2006. Patterns in potassium dynamics in forest ecosystems. Ecology Letters 9: 451-466.
  464. Weathers, K. C., G. E. Likens and T. J. Butler. 2007. Acid rain. pp. 1507-1520. In: W. N. Rom (ed.). Environmental and Occupational Medicine, Fourth Edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, a Wolters Kluwer business, Philadelphia, PA.
  465. Campbell, J. L., C. T. Driscoll, C. Eagar, G. E. Likens, T. G. Siccama, C. E. Johnson, T. J. Fahey, S. P. Hamburg, R. T. Holmes, A. S. Bailey and D. C. Buso. 2007. Long-term trends from ecosystem research at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-17. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Dept. Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 41 pp.
  466. Judd, K. E., G. E. Likens and P. M. Groffman. 2007. High nitrate retention during winter in soils of the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest. Ecosystems 10:217-225.
  467. Lewis, G. P. and G. E. Likens. 2007. Changes in stream chemistry associated with insect defoliation in Pennsylvania hemlock-hardwoods forest. Forest Ecology and Management 238:199-211.
  468. Likens, G. E. 2007. Environment in Focus: Acid Rain. Earth Portal. 4 pp.
  469. Likens, G. E. 2007. Surprises from long-term studies at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, USA. pp. 68-77. A Better Future for the Planet Earth, Vol. III -- Commemorative Book for Blue Planet Prize Winners, Asahi Glass Foundation, Tokyo, Japan.
  470. Likens, G. E. and F. H. Bormann. 2007. Environmental challenges in the Twenty-First Century and our respect for nature. 2003 Blue Planet Prize Commemorative Lecture, pp. 78-95. A Better Future for the Planet Earth Vol. III -- Commemorative Book for Blue Planet Prize Winners, Asahi Glass Foundation, Tokyo, Japan.
  471. Lovett, G. M., D. A. Burns, C. T. Driscoll, J. C. Jenkins, M. J. Mitchell, L. Rustad, J. B. Shanley, G. E. Likens and R. Haeuber. 2007. Who needs environmental monitoring? Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 5(5):253-260.
  472. McLauchlan, K. K., J. M. Craine, W. W. Oswald, P. R. Leavitt and G. E. Likens. 2007. Changes in nitrogen cycling during the past century in a northern hardwood forest. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 104(18): 7466-7470.
  473. Rosenberry, D. O., T. C. Winter, D. C. Buso and G. E. Likens. 2007. Comparison of 15 evaporation methods applied to a small mountain lake in the northeastern USA. J. Hydrology 340(3-4):149-166.
  474. Siccama, T. G., T. J. Fahey, C. E. Johnson, T. Sherry, E. G. Denny, E. B. Girdler, G. E. Likens and P. Schwarz. 2007. Population and biomass dynamics of trees in a northern hardwood forest at Hubbard Brook. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 37:737-749.
  475. Warren, D. R., E. S. Bernhardt, R. O. Hall, Jr. and G. E. Likens. 2007. Forest age, wood and nutrient dynamics in headwater streams of the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, NH. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 32:1154-1163.
  476. Anderson, C. B., G. E. Likens, R. Rozzi, J. Gutiérrez, J. J. Armesto and A. Poole. 2008. Integrating science and society through long-term socio-ecological research. Environmental Ethics 30(3):295-312; Enviromental Ethics 30(S3):81-99 (Spanish Version).
  477. Butler, T. J., M. D. Cohen, F. M. Vermeylen, G. E. Likens, D. Schmeltz and R. S. Artz. 2008. Regional precipitation mercury trends in the eastern USA, 1998-2005: Declines in the Northeast and Midwest, but no change in the Southeast. Atmospheric Environment 42:1582-1592.
  478. Conley, D. J., G. E. Likens, D. C. Buso, L. Saccone, S. W. Bailey and C. E. Johnson. 2008. Deforestation causes increased dissolved silicate losses in the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest. Global Change Biology 14: 2548-2554.
  479. Eviner, V. T. and G. E. Likens. 2008. Effects of pathogens on terrestrial ecosystem function. pp. 260-283. In: R. S. Ostfeld, F. Keesing and V. T. Eviner (eds.). Infectious Disease Ecology: Effects of Ecosystems on Disease and of Disease on Ecosystems. Cary Conference XI: Princeton University Press.
  480. Greene, B. T., W. H. Lowe and G. E. Likens. 2008. Forest succession and prey availability influence the strength and scale of terrestrial-aquatic linkages in a headwater salamander system. Freshwater Biology 53:2234-2243.
  481. Kelly, V. R., G. M. Lovett, K. C. Weathers, S.E.G. Findlay, D. L. Strayer, D. J. Burns and G. E. Likens. 2008. Long-term sodium chloride retention in a rural watershed: Legacy effects of road salt on streamwater concentration. Environ. Sci. Technol. 42:410-415.
  482. Likens, G. E. 2008. Sustainable conservation: Can it be done? pp. 51-61. In: Rockwood, L. L., R. E. Stewart and T. Dietz (eds.). Foundations of Environmental Sustainability. The Coevolution of Science and Policy. [Lee M. Talbot Festschrift, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA. Oxford Univ. Press.
  483. Likens, G. E. 2008. Understanding, using and protecting inland waters of the world. SIL Presidential Address, 2007 Montreal. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 30(2):165-170.
  484. Lowe, W. H., M. A. McPeek, G. E. Likens and B. J. Cosentino. 2008. Linking movement behaviour to dispersal and divergence in plethodontid salamanders. Molecular Ecology 17:4459-4469.
  485. Rosenberry, D. O., T. C. Winter, D. C. Buso and G. E. Likens. 2008. Reply to comment by J. Szilagyi on "Comparison of 15 evaporation methods applied to a small mountain lake in the northeastern USA" [J. Hydrol. 340(3-4)[2007]149-166]. J. Hydrology 348:566-567.
  486. Saccone, L., D. J. Conley, G. E. Likens, S. W. Bailey, D. C. Buso and C. E. Johnson. 2008. Factors that control the range and variability of amorphous silica in soils in the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest. Soil Science Soc. Am. J. 72(6):1637-1644.
  487. Warren, D. R., G. E. Likens, D. C. Buso and C. E. Kraft. 2008. Status and distribution of fish in an acid-impacted watershed of the Northeastern United States (Hubbard Brook, NH). Northeast Naturalist 15(3):375-390.
  488. Bade, D. L., K. Bouchard and G. E. Likens. 2009. Algal co-limitation by N and P persists after 30 years in Mirror Lake (New Hampshire, USA). Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 30(7):1121-1123.
  489. Buso, D. C., G. E. Likens, J. W. LaBaugh and D. Bade. 2009. Nutrient dynamics. pp. 69-203. In: T. C. Winter and G. E. Likens (eds.). Mirror Lake: Interactions among Air, Land and Water. University of California Press.
  490. Conley, D. J., H. W. Paerl, R. W. Howarth, D. F. Boesch, S. P. Seitzinger, K. E. Havens, C. Lancelot and G. E. Likens. 2009. Controlling eutrophication: nitrogen and phosphorus. Science 323:1014-1015.
  491. Conley, D. J., H. W. Paerl, R. W. Howarth, D. F. Boesch, S. P. Seitzinger, K. E. Havens, C. Lancelot and G. E. Likens. 2009. Response to Letters 'Controlling eutrophication: nitrogen and phosphorus'. Science 324:721-725.
  492. Cosentino, B. J., W. H. Lowe and G. E. Likens. 2009. Demography and movement of the northern spring salamander in four New Hampshire headwater streams. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 30(5):677-680.
  493. Hairston, N. G., Jr. and G. E. Likens. 2009. The Legacy of James G. Needham: A Century of Limnology at Cornell University and the first course on Limnology in the Americas. ASLO Bulletin 18(2):30-32; and SILNews 54:25-27 (June 2009).
  494. Kelly, V. R., K. C. Weathers, G. M. Lovett and G. E. Likens. 2009. Effect of climate change between 1984 and 2007 on precipitation chemistry at a site in northeastern USA. Environ. Sci. Tech. 43(10):3461-3466.
  495. LaBaugh, J. W., D. C. Buso and G. E. Likens. 2009. Evaluation of methods and uncertainties in the chemical budgets. pp. 225-299. In: T. C. Winter and G. E. Likens (eds.). Mirror Lake: Interactions among Air, Land and Water. University of California Press.
  496. Likens, G. E. 2009. Inland waters. pp. 1-5. In: G. E. Likens (ed.). Encyclopedia of Inland Waters, volume 1. Oxford: Elsevier.
  497. Likens, G. E. 2009. A limnological introduction to Mirror Lake. pp. 1-21. In: T. C. Winter and G. E. Likens (eds.). Mirror Lake: Interactions among Air, Land and Water. University of California Press.
  498. Likens, G. E. 2009. Acid rain: the once and future issue. Discovery Earth: Discovery Channel. http://dsc.discovery.com/earth/my-take/acid-rain.html.
  499. Likens, G. E. and J. F. Franklin. 2009. Ecosystem Thinking in the Northern Forest - and Beyond. BioScience 59(6):511-513.
  500. Likens, G. E. and J. W. LaBaugh. 2009. Mirror Lake: past, present and future. In: T. C. Winter and G. E. Likens (eds.). pp. 301-328. Mirror Lake: Interactions among Air, Land and Water. University of California Press.
  501. Likens, G. E., K. F. Walker, P. E. Davies, J. Brookes, J. Olley, W. J. Young, M. C. Thoms, P.S. Lake, B. Gawne, J. Davis, A. H. Arthington, R. Thompson and R. L. Oliver. 2009. Ecosystem science: toward a new paradigm for managing Australia's inland aquatic ecosystems. Marine and Freshwater Research 60: 271-279.
  502. Lindenmayer, D. and G. E. Likens. 2009. Adaptive monitoring: a new paradigm for long-term research and monitoring. Trends in Ecology and Evolution (TREE) 24(9):482-486.
  503. Lindenmayer, D. B., G. E. Likens, J. F. Franklin and R. Muntz. 2009. Opportunity in the wake of natural "disasters". Science 324:463.
  504. Searchinger, T., S. P. Hamburg, J. Melillo, W. Chameides, P. Havlik, D. M. Kammen, G. E. Likens, R. M. Lubowski, M. Obersteiner, M. Oppenheimer, G. P. Robertson, W. H. Schlesinger and G. D. Tilman. 2009. Fixing a critical climate accounting error. Science 326:527-528.
  505. Stewart, K., K. Walker and G. E. Likens. 2009. Meromictic lakes. Chapter 27. In: G. E. Likens (ed.). Encyclopedia of Inland Waters. Oxford: Elsevier.
  506. Warren, D. R., C. E. Kraft, W. S. Keeton, J. S. Nunery and G. E. Likens. 2009. Dynamics of wood recruitment in streams of the northeastern U.S. Forest Ecology and Management 258(5):804-813.
  507. Winter, T. C. and G. E. Likens. 2009. Summary and Conclusions. pp. 329-333. In: T. C. Winter and G. E. Likens (eds.). Mirror Lake: Interactions among Air, Land and Water. University of California Press.
  508. Gleick, P. H. et al. [Likens, G. E.] + 255 signed authors. 2010. Climate change and the integrity of science. Science 328:689-690.
  509. Kaushal, S. S., G. E. Likens, N. A. Jaworski, M. L. Pace, A. M. Sides, D. Seekell, K. T. Belt, D. H. Secor and R. L. Wingate. 2010. Rising stream and river temperatures in the United States. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 8(9):461-466; doi:10.1890/090037
  510. Lake, P. S., G. E. Likens and D. S. Ryder. 2010. Integrating science, policy and management of rivers: Peter Cullen's legacy. Marine and Freshwater Research 61(7):733-735.
  511. Likens, G. E. 2010. Acid rain. In: C. J. Cleveland (ed.) Encyclopedia of Earth. (Washington, D.C.: Environmental Information Coalition, National Council for Science and the Environment). [First published in the Encyclopedia of Earth October 2006; Last revised October 17, 2011;
  512. Likens, G. E. 2010. The role of science in decision making: does evidence-based science drive environmental policy? Frontiers of Ecology and the Environment 8(6):e1-e8. doi:10.1890/090132
  513. Likens, G. E. and D. C. Buso. 2010. Long-term changes in streamwater chemistry following disturbance in the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, USA. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 30(10):1577-1581.
  514. Likens, G. E. and D. C. Buso. 2010. Salinization of Mirror Lake by road salt. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 205:205-214.
  515. Lindenmayer, D. B. and G. E. Likens. 2010. Improving ecological monitoring. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 25:200-201.
  516. Lindenmayer, D. B. and G. E. Likens. 2010. The science and application of ecological monitoring. Biological Conservation 143(6):1317-1328.
  517. Lindenmayer, D. B., G. E. Likens and J. F. Franklin. 2010. Rapid responses to facilitate ecological discoveries from major disturbances. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 8(10):527-532. doi: 10.1890/090184
  518. Lindenmayer, D. B., G. E. Likens, C. J. Krebs and R. J. Hobbs. 2010. Improved probability of detection of ecological "surprises". Proc. National Acad. Sci. 107(51):21957-21962. doi: 10.1073/pnas. 1015696107.
  519. Pace, M. L., S. E. Hampton, K. E. Limburg, E. M. Bennett, E. M. Cook, A. E. Davis, J. M. Grove, K. Y. Kaneshiro, S. L. LaDeau, G. E. Likens, D. M. McKnight, D. C. Richardson and D. L. Strayer. 2010. Communicating with the public: opportunities and rewards for individual ecologists. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 8(6):292-298.
  520. Palmer, M. A.., E. S. Bernhardt, W. H. Schlesinger, K. N. Eshleman, E. Foufoula-Georgiou, M. S. Hendryx, A. D. Lemly, G. E. Likens, O. L. Loucks, M. E. Power, P. S. White and P. R. Wilcock. 2010. Mountaintop mining consequences. Science 327:148-149.
  521. Ryder, D. S., M. Tomlinson, B. Gawne and G. E. Likens. 2010. Defining and using 'best available science': A policy conundrum for the management of aquatic ecosystems. Marine and Freshwater Research 61(7): 821-828. doi:10.1071/MF10113
  522. Searchinger, T., S. P. Hamburg, J. Melillo, W. Chameides, P. Havlik, D. M. Kammen, G. E. Likens, R. M. Lubowski, M. Obersteiner, M. Oppenheimer, G. P. Robertson, W. H. Schlesinger and G. D. Tilman. 2010. Letter Response re: Fixing a critical climate accounting error. Carbon calculations to consider: Response. Science 327:780-781.
  523. Searchinger, T., S. P. Hamburg, J. Melillo, W. Chameides, P. Havlik, D. M. Kammen, G. E. Likens, M. Obersteiner, M. Oppenheimer, G. P. Robertson, W. H. Schlesinger, R. M. Lubowski and G. D. Tilman. 2010. Letter Response re: Fixing a critical carbon accounting accounting error - Bioenergy: Counting on incentives. Response to Pingoud et al. Science 327:1199-1201.
  524. Butler, T. J., F. M. Vermeylen, M. Rury, G. E. Likens, B. Lee, G. E. Bowker and L. McCluney. 2011. Response of ozone and nitrate to stationary source NOx emission reductions in the eastern USA. Atmospheric Environment 45:1084-1094.
  525. Judd, K. E., G. E. Likens, D. C. Buso and A. S. Bailey. 2011. Minimal response in watershed nitrate export to severe soil frost raises questions about nutrient dynamics in the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest. Biogeochemistry 106:443-459. DOI 10.1007/s10533-010-9524-4
  526. Likens, G. E. 2011. Limnological measures related to climate change in the Hubbard Brook Valley, USA. Inland Waters 1(2):93-99.
  527. Likens, G. E. and T. J. Butler. 2011. Acid rain. Encyclopaedia Britannica. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/3761/acid-rain
  528. Likens, G. E. and D. B. Lindenmayer. 2011. A Strategic Plan for an Australian Long-Term Environmental Monitoring (LTEM) Network. Austral Ecology 36:1-8. doi:10.1111/j.1442-9993.2010.02179 (2010).
  529. Likens, G. E., T. J. Butler and M. A. Rury. 2011. Acid rain. Encyclopedia of Global Studies.
  530. Lindenmayer, D. B. and G. E. Likens. 2011. Direct measurement versus surrogate indicator species for evaluating environmental change and biodiversity loss. Ecosystems 14: 47-59, doi 10.1007/s10021-010-9394-6
  531. Lindenmayer, D. B. and G. E. Likens. 2011. Effective monitoring of agriculture. Journal of Environmental Monitoring 13:1559-1563, doi: 10.1039/C0EM00691B
  532. Lindenmayer, D. B. and G. E. Likens. 2011. Losing the culture of ecology. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 92:245-246. [doi:10.1890/0012-9623-92.3.245]
  533. Lindenmayer, D. B., R. J. Hobbs, G. E. Likens, C. J. Krebs and S. C. Banks. 2011. Newly discovered landscape traps produce regime shifts in wet forests. Proc. National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) 108(38):15887-15891. www.pnas.org/cgi/doi 10.1073/pnas.1110245108
  534. Lindenmayer, D. B., G. E. Likens, A. Haywood and L. Miezis. 2011. Adaptive Monitoring in the real world: proof of concept. Trends in Ecology and Evolution [TREE] 26(12): 641-646, doi.10.1016/j.tree.2011.08.002
  535. McGuire, K. J. and G. E. Likens. 2011. Historical roots of forest hydrology and biogeochemistry: Chapter 1. pp. 3-26. In: D. F. Levia, D. Carlyle-Moses and T. Tanaka (eds.). Forest Hydrology and Biogeochemistry: Synthesis of Past Research and Future Directions. Ecological Studies Series, No. 216, Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, Germany.
  536. Mitchell, M. J. and G. E. Likens. 2011. Watershed sulfur biogeochemistry: shift from atmospheric deposition dominance to climatic regulation. Environ. Sci. Tech. 45:5267-5271. dx.doi.org/10.1021/es200844n
  537. Mitchell, M. J., G. Lovett, S. Bailey, F. Beall, D. Burns, D. Buso, T. A. Clair, F. Courchesne, L. Duchesne, C. Eimers, I. Fernandez, D. Houle, D. S. Jeffries, G. E. Likens, M. D. Moran, C. Rogers, D. Schwede, J. Shanley, K. C. Weathers and R. Vet. 2011. Comparisons of watershed sulfur budgets in southeast Canada and northeast US: new approaches and implications. Biogeochemistry 103:181-207, doi:10.1007/s10533-010-9455-0.
  538. Rozzi, R., J. J. Armesto, J. R. Gutiérrez, F. Massardo, G. E. Likens, C. B. Anderson, A. Poole, K. Moses, E. Hargrove, A. Mansilla, J. Kennedy, M. F. Willson, K. Jax, C. G. Jones, J. B. Callicott and M.T.K. Arroyo. 2011. Integrating ecology and environmental ethics: Earth stewardship in the Southern end of the Americas. BioScience 62(3):226-236.
  539. Bernal, S., L. O. Hedin, G. E. Likens, S. Gerber and D. C. Buso. 2012. Complex response of the forest nitrogen cycle to climate change. Proc. National Academy Sci. 109(9):3406-3411. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1121448109
  540. Brundtland, G. H., P. Ehrlich, J. Goldemberg, J. Hansen, A. Lovins, G. E. Likens, S. Manabe, B. May, H. Mooney, K.-H. Robèrt, E. Salim, G. Sato, S. Solomon, N. Stern, B. Watson, Barefoot College, Conservation International, International Institute for Environment and Development, and International Union for the Conservation of Nature. 2012. Environment and Development Challenges: The Imperative to Act. Blue Planet Prize Joint Laureates UNEP Report, for Rio+20 Meeting, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development. The Asahi Glass Foundation.
  541. Butler, T. J. and G. E. Likens. 2012. Acid rain, in Encyclopedia of Environmetrics Second Edition. In: A.-H. El-Shaarawi and W. Piegorsch (eds). John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester, UK, pp.11-15. DOI: 10.1002/9780470057339.vaa003.pub2
  542. Butler, T. J. and G.E. Likens. 2012. Acid rain, in Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online Academic Edition. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2012.
  543. D'Elia, C. F and G. E. Likens. 2012. Four words that can make us cringe. BioScience 62(12):1012-1013. doi:10.1525/bio.2012.62.12.2
  544. Glazer, A. N. and G. E. Likens. 2012. The water table: the shifting foundation of life on land. Ambio 41(7):657-669. doi:10.1007/s13280-012-0328-8
  545. Kelly, V., K. C. Weathers, G. M. Lovett and G. E. Likens. 2012. A comparison of two collectors for monitoring precipitation chemistry. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 223:951-954. DOI 10.1007/s11270-011-0912-8
  546. Kerr, J. G., M. C. Eimers, I. F. Creed, M. B. Adams, F. Beall, D. Burns, J. L. Campbell, S. F. Christopher, T. A. Clair, F. Courchesne, L. Duchesne, I. Fernandez, D. Houle, D. S. Jeffries, G. E. Likens, M. J. Mitchell, J. Shanley and H. Yao. 2012. The effect of seasonal drying on sulphate dynamics in streams across southeastern Canada and the northeastern USA. Biogeochemistry 111:393-409, doi 10.1007/s10533-011-9664-1.
  547. Likens, G. E. and D. C. Buso. 2012. Dilution and the elusive baseline. Environ. Sci. Tech. 46(8):4382-4387, DOI: 10.1021/es3000189
  548. Likens, G. E. and D. B. Lindenmayer. 2012. Integrating approaches leads to more effective conservation of biodiversity. Biodiversity and Conservation 21(13):3323-3341, DOI: 10.1007/s10531-012-0364-5
  549. Likens, G. E., T. Butler and M. Rury. 2012. Acid rain. pp. 18-20. In: H. Anheier and M. Juergensmeyer (Eds.). Encyclopedia of global studies. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc. doi: 10.4135/9781452218557.n6
  550. Lindenmayer, D. B., W. Blanchard, L. McBurney, D. Blair, S. C. Banks, G. E. Likens, J. Franklin, W. F. Laurance, J.A.R. Stein and P. Gibbons. 2012. Interacting factors driving a major loss of large trees with cavities in a forest ecosystem. PLoS ONE 7(10):1-16, e41864.
  551. Lindenmayer, D. B., G. E. Likens, A. Andersen, D. Bowman, C. M. Bull, E. Burns, C. R. Dickman, A. A. Hoffman, D. A. Keith, M. J. Liddell, A. J. Lowe, D. J. Metcalfe, S. R. Phinn, J. Russell-Smith, N. Thurgate and G. M. Wardle. 2012. The value and importance of long-term studies in ecology. Austral Ecology, DOI:10.1111/j.1442-9993.2011.02351.x
  552. Lowe, W. H., M. A. McPeek, G. E. Likens and B. J. Cosentino. 2012. Decoupling of genetic and phenotypic divergence in a headwater landscape. Molecular Ecology 21:2399-2409. Doi:10.1111/j.1365-294X.2012
  553. Miles, G. R., M. J. Mitchell, B. Mayer, G. E. Likens and J. Welker. 2012. Long-term analysis of Hubbard Brook stable oxygen isotope ratios of streamwater and precipitation sulfate. Biogeochemistry 111:443-454, DOI 10.1007/s10533-011-9670-3
  554. Ross, D. S., J. B. Shanley, J. L. Campbell, G. B. Lawrence, S. W. Bailey, G. E. Likens, B. C. Wemple, G. Fredriksen and A. E. Jamison. 2012. Spatial patterns of soil nitrification and nitrate export from forested headwaters in the northeastern United States. J. Geophysical Research 117, G01009, doi:10.1029/2009JG001740
  555. Svensson, T., G. M. Lovett and G. E. Likens. 2012. Is chloride a conservative ion in forest ecosystems? Biogeochemistry 107:125-134. doi:10.1007/s10533-010-9538-y
  556. Argerich, A., S. L. Johnson, S. D. Sebestyen, C. C. Rhoades, E. Greathouse, J. D. Knoepp, M. B. Adams, G. E. Likens, J. L. Campbell, W. H. McDowell, F. Scatena and G. G. Ice. 2013. Trends in stream nitrogen concentrations for forested reference catchments across the USA. Environ. Res. Letters 8(1): doi:10.1088/1748-9326/8/1/014039
  557. Green, M. B., A. S. Bailey, S. W. Bailey, J. J. Battles, J. L. Campbell, C. T. Driscoll, T. Fahey, L. Lepine, G. E. Likens, S. V. Ollinger and P. G. Schaberg. 2013. Decreased water flowing from a forest amended with calcium silicate. Proc. National Acad. Sci. 110(15):5999-6003. doi:10.1073/pnas.1302445110.
  558. Green, M. B., A. S. Bailey, S. W. Bailey, J. J. Battles, J. L. Campbell, C. T. Driscoll, T. Fahey, L. Lepine, G. E. Likens, S. V. Ollinger and P. G. Schaberg. 2013. Reply to Smith and Shortle: Lacking evidence of hydraulic efficiency changes. Proc. National Acad. Sci. 110(40):E3740. doi:10.1073/pnas.1312130110
  559. Kaushal, S. S., G. E. Likens, R. Utz, M. L. Pace, M. Grese and M. Yepsen. 2013. Increased river alkalinization in the Eastern U.S. Environ. Sci. & Tech. 47(18):10302-10311. DOI: 10.1021/es401046s.
  560. LaBaugh, J. W., P. T. Harte, A. M. Shapiro, P. A. Hsieh, C. D. Johnson, D. J. Goode, W. W. Wood, D. C. Buso, G. E. Likens and T. C. Winter. 2013. Physical, chemical, and isotopic data from groundwater in the watershed of Mirror Lake, and in the vicinity of Hubbard Brook, near West Thornton, New Hampshire, 1983 to 1997. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2013-1087. 147 pp. http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2013/1087/
  561. Likens, G. E. 2013. Resolution of Respect: F. Herbert Bormann, 1922-2012. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer., October, 94(4):304-308.
  562. Likens, G. E. 2013. The Hubbard Brook Ecosystem Study-Celebrating 50 years. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer., October, 94(4):336-337.
  563. Lindenmayer, D. B. and G. E. Likens. 2013. Benchmarking open access science against good science. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer., October, 94(4):338-340.
  564. Lindenmayer, D. B. and G. E. Likens. 2013. Don't do big-data science backward. Nature 499:284.
  565. Rhoades, C. C., J. H. McCutchan, Jr., L. A. Cooper, D. W. Clow, T. M. Detmer, J. S. Briggs, J. D. Stednick, T. T. Veblen, R. M. Ertz, G. E. Likens and W. M. Lewis, Jr. 2013. Biogeochemistry of beetle-killed forest: Explaining a weak nitrate response. Proc. National Acad. Sci. DOI/10.1073/pnas.1221029110
  566. Warren, D. R., K. E. Judd, D. L. Bade, G. E. Likens and C. E. Kraft. 2013. Effects of wood removal on stream habitat and nitrate uptake in two northeastern U.S. headwater streams. Hydrobiologia, DOI 10.1007/s10750-013-1578-6. [accepted 5/26/13]
  567. Westgate, M., G. E. Likens and D. B. Lindenmayer. 2013. Adaptive management of biological systems: A review. Biological Conservation 158:128-139.
  568. Youngentob, K. N., G. E. Likens, J. E. Williams and D. B. Lindenmayer. 2013. A survey of long-term terrestrial ecology studies in Australia. Austral Ecology 38:365-373, DOI: 10.1111/j.1442-9993.2012.02421.x
  569. Likens, G. E. 2014. The ecosystem approach for understanding and resolving environmental problems. In: Blue Planet Prize book.
  570. Likens, G. E. and S. W. Bailey. 2014. The discovery of acid rain at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest: A story of collaboration and long-term research. pp. 463-482. In: D. Hayes et al. (ed.). US Forest Service Experimental Forests and Ranges, Chapter 20. Springer New York.
  571. Likens, G. E. and D. C. Buso. 2014. Biogeochemical legacies of disturbance in the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest. (In Preparation)
  572. Likens, G. E. and T. J. Butler. 2014. Atmospheric acid deposition. Encyclopedia of Natural Resources DOI: 10.1081/E-ENRA-120047613, Taylor & Francis.
  573. Likens, G. E. and L. O. Hedin. 2014. F. Herbert Bormann 1922-1912: A Biographical Memoir. National Academy of Sciences Press, 13 pp.
  574. Lindenmayer, D. B., P. S. Barton, P. W. Lane, M. J. Westgate, L. McBurney, D. Blair, P. Gibbons and G. E. Likens. 2014. An empirical assessment and comparison of species-based and habitat-based surrogates: A case study of forest vertebrates and large old trees. Plos ONE DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0089807
  575. Lindenmayer, D. B., S. C. Banks, W. L. Laurance, J. F. Franklin and G. E. Likens. 2014. Broad decline of populations of large old trees. Conservation Letters 7(1):72-73. DOI:10.1111/conl.12079
  576. Lindenmayer, D. B., D. Blair, L. McBurney, S. C. Banks, J.A.R. Stein, R. J. Hobbs, G. E. Likens, and J. F. Franklin. 2014. Principles and practices for biodiversity conservation and restoration forestry: a 30 year case study on the Victorian montane ash forests and the critically endangered Leadbeater's Possum. Australian Zoologist, 36, 441-460.
  577. Lindenmayer, D. B., W. F. Laurance, J. F. Franklin, G. E. Likens, S. C. Banks, W. Blanchard, P. Gibbons, K. Ikin, D. Blair, L. McBurney, A. D. Manning and J.A.R. Stein. 2014. New policies for old trees: averting a global crisis in a keystone ecological structure. Conservation Letters 7(1):61-69. DOI:10.1111/conl.2013
  578. McGuire, K. J., Torgersen, C. E., G. E. Likens, D. C. Buso, W. H. Lowe and S. W. Bailey. 2014. Network analysis reveals multiscale controls on streamwater chemistry. Proc. National Acad. Sci. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1404820111.
  579. Shortle, W. C., K. T. Smith, G. B. Lawrence, A. G. Lapenis and G. E. Likens. 2014. Use of dendrochemistry to monitor and evaluate multi-decadal environmental change. (In Preparation)
  580. Smith, V. H., W. K. Dodds, K. E. Havens, D. R. Engstrom, H. W. Paerl, B. Moss and G. E. Likens. 2014. Comment: Cultural eutrophication of natural lakes in the United States is real and widespread. Limnol. Oceanogr. (In Press)
  581. Wilson, A. M. and G. E. Likens. 2014. Content volatility of scientific topics in Wikipedia: a cautionary tale. Submitted.
  582. Yanai, R., N. Tokuchi, J. Campbell, M. Green, E. Matsuzaki, S. Laseter, C. Brown, A. Bailey, P. Lyons, C.R. Levine, D. Buso, G. E. Likens, J. Knoepp and K. Fukushima. 2014. Sources of uncertainty in estimating stream solute export from headwater catchments. Hydrological Processes (In Press).

Collaborators' Publications
Gulati, Ramesh. 2009. Shaking Hands with a Limnologist: The Great Limnologist - Gene E. Likens. SILnews 55 (December 2009): 33-34.
Lewis, W. M. 2010. Gene Likens: A Leader for our Science. pp. 27-31. In: P. Gastescu (ed.). Lakes, Reservoirs and Ponds. Romanian Limnogeographical Association.

REPORTS, TAPES, LETTERS and Miscellaneous. . .

  1. Likens, G. E. 1970. Testimony presented at the Hearings before the Subcommittee on Air and Water Pollution of the Committee on Public Works, U.S. Senate, Water Pollution, Part 3. pp. 950-987.
  2. Likens, G. E. 1971. A checklist of organisms for the Hubbard Brook ecosystems. Section of Ecology and Systematics, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York. Unpublished manuscript, 37 pp. -- REVISED 1973, 54 pp. -- REVISED 1996 [Holmes, R.T. and G.E. Likens], 56 pp.
  3. Likens, G. E. 1972. The forest landscape: its ecosystem and biogeochemistry. In: American Association for the Advancement of Science Symposium on Temperate Climate Forestry and the Forest Ecosystem. Washington, D.C. Audiotape distributed by AAAS.
  4. Likens, G. E., A. W. Bolle and E. Edelson. 1973. Forest ecology and management. In: Speaking of Science, Conversations with Outstanding Scientists, Vol. II, No. 6. Audiotape distributed by AAAS.
  5. Likens, G. E. 1977. Acid rain: causes and consequences. Institute of Water Resources, University of Connecticut, Storrs. 1976-77 Seminar Series Presentation. Unpublished Manuscript, 17 pp.
  6. Likens, G. E. and D. D. Miller. 1978. Measurement of changes in carbon flux and storage in the biosphere. Research Program Development Paper for Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA). Unpublished Manuscript, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York. 54 pp.
  7. Likens, G. E. 1980. The impact of acid precipitation on ecosystems in eastern North America. School of Graduate Studies Alumni Association and Department of Botany, University of Toronto, Canada. Unpublished Manuscript, 27 pp.
  8. Likens, G. E. 1980. Where has all the water gone? C.P. Snow Lecture Series, Ithaca College, Ithaca, New York. Unpublished Manuscript, 14 pp.
  9. Likens, G. E. (Committee Chairman). 1981. Flux of organic carbon by rivers to the oceans. Report of a Workshop prepared by Committee on Flux of Organic Carbon to the Ocean, Division of Biological Sciences, National Research Council; U.S. Department of Energy CONF-8009140.
  10. Orians, G. H. (chapter coordinator), E. L. Charnov, W. T. Edmondson, G. E. Likens, R. T. Paine, P. H. Raven, D. W. Schindler and O. Solbrig (contributing authors). 1981. pp. 191-218. In: Outlook for Science and Technology: The Next Five Years. Report prepared by the National Research Council for the National Science Foundation. 397 pp.
  11. Galloway, J. N., W. C. Keene and G. E. Likens. 1981. Progress Report -- Global Precipitation Chemistry Program. Atmospheric Research Laboratory, National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration, Silver Spring, Maryland. 80 pp.
  12. Munn, R. E., G. E. Likens, B. Weisman, J. Hornbeck, C. W. Martin, F. H. Bormann, G. W. Oehlert and R. Bloxam. 1982. Final Report to the U.S. Department of Energy -- A climatological analysis of the Hubbard Brook (New Hampshire) precipitation chemistry data. Institute for Environmental Studies, University of Toronto. 220 pp.
  13. Galloway, J. N., J. M. Miller, G. E. Likens and W. C. Keene. 1983. A summary of results from the global precipitation project. WMO Tech. Conference on Observation and Measurement of Atmospheric Contaminants. October 1983. Vienna, Austria.
  14. Hall, R. J. and G. E. Likens. 1984. Experimental acidification of a stream tributary to Hubbard Brook. EPA Project Summary, Environment Research Laboratory, Duluth, Minnesota. 20 pp.
  15. Keene, W. C., J. N. Galloway, G. E. Likens and J. M. Miller. 1985. Recent contributions of the Global Precipitation Chemistry Project. pp. 88-90. In: E. C. Nickerson (ed.). Geophysical Monitoring for Climatic Change. Summary Report No. 13, 1984. U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C.
  16. Galloway, J. N. and G. E. Likens. 1985. Global Precipitation Chemistry Project. Task Group Project 8M2CO582. GPCP Research summary for NAPAP Review, September 1985. 5 pp.
  17. Eaton, J. S., K. C. Weathers and G. E. Likens. 1986. Inter-laboratory Comparison Report. Report between Institute of Ecosystem Studies, Millbrook, New York and the Illinois State Water Survey, Champaign, Illinois. 39 pp.
  18. Keene, W. C., J. N. Galloway, G. E. Likens and J. M. Miller. 1986. The Global Precipitation Chemistry Project. pp. 105-107. In: Geophysical Monitoring for Climatic Change. Summary Report No. 14, 1985. U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C.
  19. Basnet, K. and G. E. Likens. 1987. Studies of vegetational and geological controls of hillslope stability in the Luquillo Experimental Forest, Puerto Rico. Report to the USDA Forest Service, Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico. Institute of Ecosystem Studies, Millbrook, New York. 35 pp.
  20. Keene, W. C., J. N. Galloway, G. E. Likens and J. M. Miller. 1987. The Global Precipitation Chemistry Project. pp. 134-136. In: R. C. Schnell (ed.). Geophysical Monitoring for Climatic Change, Summary Report No. 15, 1986. U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C.
  21. Butler, T. J. and G. E. Likens. 1988. Operation and research at the Ithaca MAP3S Regional Precipitation Chemistry Site. Annual Progress Report for 1988, prepared for U.S. Department of Energy.
  22. DOE/ER/60292-4.
  23. Keene, W. C., J. N. Galloway, G. E. Likens and J. M. Miller. 1988. The Global Precipitation Chemistry Project. Contribution to the 16th GMCC Annual Report, NOAA.
  24. Keene, W. C., J. N. Galloway, G. E. Likens and J. M. Miller. 1988. The Global Precipitation Chemistry Project. Contribution to the 17th GMCC Annual Report, NOAA.
  25. Butler, T. J. and G. E. Likens. 1989. Operation and research at the Ithaca MAP3S Regional Precipitation Chemistry Site. Annual Progress Report for 1989, prepared for U.S. Department of Energy. DOE/ER/60292-4.
  26. Bukaveckas, P. A. and G. E. Likens. 1990. Effects of lake and watershed liming on lake productivity and trophic interactions. Annual Report for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 36 pp.
  27. Bukaveckas, P. A. and G. E. Likens. 1992. Effects of lake and watershed liming on lake productivity and trophic interactions. Annual Report for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 38 pp.
  28. Bukaveckas, P. A. and G. E. Likens. 1994. Effects of lake and watershed liming on lake productivity and trophic interactions. Annual Report for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 38 pp.
  29. Driscoll, C. T. and G. E. Likens. 1994. Transport and fate of trifluoroacetate in the terrestrial environment. In: Alternative Fluorocarbons Environmental Acceptability Workshop on Decomposition of TFA in the Environment, Washington, DC. (13 pp.)
  30. Lewis, W. M., E. J. Fee, G. E. Likens, S. W. Chisholm, N. G. Hairston, Jr., S. T. Threlkeld, C. F. D'Elia, J. E. Hobbie and R. G. Wetzel. 1995. Challenges for limnology in the United States and Canada: An Assessment of the Discipline in the 1990's. Report of the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography Challenges for Limnology Committee. Special Edition of ASLO Bulletin 4(2). 20 pp.
  31. Ayala, F. J., R. R. Colwell, P. R. Ehrlich, W. H. Eshbaugh, J. Franklin, D. W. Freckman, D. H. Knight, S. A. Levin, G. E. Likens, J. Lubchenco, J. L. Meyer, H. A. Mooney, G. H. Orians, R. T. Paine, P. G. Risser and G. M. Woodwell. 1996. Open Letter from Leaders of Scientific Professional Societies: RE: The Endangered Species Act. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 77(2):116-119.
  32. Colwell, R., J. Lubchenco, D. Freckman, H. Mooney, S. Levin, J. Meyer, G. Likens, P. Risser and G. Orians. 1996. Open Letter from Leaders of Scientific Professional Societies. RE: The Endangered Species Act. Bull Ecol. Soc. Amer. 77(2):119-120.
  33. Likens, G. E. 2001. Evaluation of the proposed CRCFE Narran Lakes Project - Narran Lakes Nature Reserve, NSW. Unpublished Report, Narran Lakes Project Review. Walgett, NSW, Australia. 6 pp.
  34. Butler, T., G. E. Likens, M. Cohen and F. Vermeylen. 2006. Final Report to NOAA Mercury in the Environment and Patterns of Mercury Deposition from the NADP/MDN Mercury Deposition Network. Institute of Ecosystem Studies Final Report to NOAA. 46 pp.
  35. Butler, T., G. E. Likens, M. Cohen and F. Vermeylen. 2007. Final Report to NOAA Mercury in the Environment and Patterns of Mercury Deposition from the NADP/MDN Mercury Deposition Network. Institute of Ecosystem Studies Final Report to NOAA. 87 pp.
  36. Likens, G. E. 2010. A Strategic Plan for an Australian Long-term Environmental Monitoring Network. Report to Australian Government's Department of Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts (DEWHA), May 2010. 39 pp.
  37. Likens, G. E. 2010. Developing a basis for a Long-Term Ecological Research Network in Australia and a Systematic Approach to Environmental Monitoring. Final Fellowship Report to the Commonwealth for Environment Research Facilities (CERF), Department of Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts (DEWHA), June 2010. Canberra, ACT, Australia. 14 pp.
  38. Likens, G. E. 2010. A Review of The Nature Conservancy / Biodiversity Program of The Thomas Foundation. 12 pp
  39. Likens, G. E. 2010. Evaluation of the Murray Darling Basin Authority Draft Basin Plan. 12 pp.
  40. Howarth, R. W. [and 58 co-signers, including G. E. Likens]. 2011. Letter to Governor Andrew Cuomo, 15 September 2011 [regarding the ability of municipal drinking water filtration systems to adequately remove contaminants of the sort found in return fluids from hydraulic fracturing, should they somehow enter the water system].
  41. Butler, T. and G.. E. Likens. 2014. Report to NOAA Air Resources Laboratory 2013 Monitoring and Research at NADP/ AIRMoN NY67. 52 pp.

ABSTRACTS

  1. Bormann, F. H., G. E. Likens, N. M. Johnson and R. S. Pierce. 1963. Hydrologic mineral cycle interaction in a small forested ecosystem. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 44(3):86.
  2. Likens, G. E. and A. D. Hasler. 1964. Transport of radionuclides in an ice-covered lake. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 15(1)258.
  3. Likens, G. E., N. M. Johnson, F. H. Bormann and R. S. Pierce. 1964. Hydrologic mineral cycle interaction in a small forested ecosystem. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 45(3):88.
  4. Bormann, F. H. and G. E. Likens. 1966. Comparative nutrient losses in solution and in particulate matter from an undisturbed northern hardwood ecosystem. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 47(3):115.
  5. Johnson, N. M., G. E. Likens, F. H. Bormann and R. S. Pierce. 1966. Bulk chemical changes and rate of chemical weathering in central New Hampshire. Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union 47:83-84.
  6. Johnson, N. M., G. E. Likens, F. H. Bormann and R. S. Pierce. 1966. Chemical weathering and major cation cycling in a podzolization environment. Geo. Soc. Amer., Special Paper No. 82:102.
  7. Likens, G. E., F. H. Bormann, N. M. Johnson and R. S. Pierce. 1966. The cation budget for a small forested ecosystem. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 47(3):115.
  8. Bormann, F. H. and G. E. Likens. 1967. Nutrient ramifications of clearcutting a forest ecosystem. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 48(3):119.
  9. Johnson, N. M. and G. E. Likens. 1967. Steady-state heat flow conditions in the sediments of a small meromictic lake. Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union 48:211.
  10. Likens, G. E., F. H. Bormann, N. M. Johnson and R. S. Pierce. 1967. The effect of forest management on the nutrient budget of a northern hardwood ecosystem. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 48(2):53.
  11. Johnson, N. M., G. E. Likens, F. H. Bormann and R. S. Pierce. 1968. Rate of generation of nutrient-minerals from silicate minerals in podzol soils. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 49(2):60.
  12. Siccama, T. G., F. H. Bormann and G. E. Likens. 1968. Preliminary evaluation of the herb compartment of the Hubbard Brook northern hardwood forest ecosystem. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 49(3):112.
  13. Gosz, J. R., G. E. Likens, F. H. Bormann and J. S. Eaton. 1969. Leaching losses from leaves of selected tree species. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 50(2):72.
  14. Siccama, T. G., D. Botkin, F. H. Bormann and G. E. Likens. 1969. Computer simulation of a northern hardwood forest. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 50(2):93.
  15. Fisher, S. G. and G. E. Likens. 1970. The annual detritus budget of a small stream. Abstracts of papers submitted for the 33rd Annual Meeting of the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography, University of Rhode Island.
  16. Gosz, J. R., G. E. Likens and F. H. Bormann. 1970. Intrasystem nutrient cycling from litter fall on the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 51(2):27.
  17. Burton, T. M. and G. E. Likens. 1971. Population estimates of salamanders in the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 52(4):34.
  18. Makarewicz, J. C. and G. E. Likens. 1971. Fluctuation and distribution of zooplankton biomass in a lake ecosystem. Abstracts of papers submitted for the 34th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography, University of Manitoba.
  19. Sturges, F. W., R. T. Holmes and G. E. Likens. 1971. The role of birds in mineral cycling in the Hubbard Brook watershed-ecosystems. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 52(4):34.
  20. Burton, T. M. and G. E. Likens. 1972. The effect of strip-cutting on stream temperature in the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire. Abstracts of papers submitted for the Special Meeting of the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography with the American Institute of Biological Sciences, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.
  21. deNoyelles, F. and G. E. Likens. 1972. Phytoplankton species distribution and biomass in a small oligotrophic lake. Abstracts of papers submitted for the 35th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography, Florida State University, Tallahassee.
  22. Gosz, J. R., G. E. Likens and F. H. Bormann. 1972. Element turnover rates on the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hamsphire. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 53(2):32.
  23. Likens, G. E., N. M. Johnson, F. H. Bormann and R. S. Pierce. 1972. Nutrient budgets for an oligotrophic lake in New Hampshire. Abstracts of papers submitted for the 35th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography, Florida State University, Tallahassee.
  24. Reiners, W. A., G. E. Likens and F. H. Bormann. 1972. Vegetation recovery and the nutrient budget of a clear-cut watershed at Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 53(2):37.
  25. Likens, G. E. 1974. Precipitation as a source of nutrients for natural ecosystems. EOS Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union 55(4):248.
  26. Cogbill, C. V. and G. E. Likens. 1974. Acid precipitation in the northeastern United States. EOS Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union 55(4):247.
  27. Lehman, J. T., D. B. Botkin and G. E. Likens. 1974. The assumptions and rationales of a computer model of phytoplankton population dynamics. J. Phycol. Suppl. 10:11.
  28. Lehman, J. T., D. B. Botkin and G. E. Likens. 1974. Ecological implications of a computer model of phytoplankton population dynamics subject to temperature, light, and nutrient constraints. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 55(2):19.
  29. Lehman, J. T., D. B. Botkin and G. E. Likens. 1974. Computer simulation of population dynamics of phytoplankton subjected to constraints of temperature, light and nutrients. Abstracts for the XIX Congress Internat. Assoc. Theor. Appl. Limnol., Winnipeg, Canada, August 1974. p. 120.
  30. Likens, G. E. and M. B. Davis. 1974. Post-glacial history of Mirror Lake and its watershed in New Hampshire, U.S.A. Abstracts for the XIX Congress Internat. Assoc. Theor. Appl. Limnol., Winnipeg, Canada, August 1974. p. 123.
  31. Jordan, M. J. and G. E. Likens. 1974. A carbon budget for an oligotrophic lake in New Hampshire, U.S.A. Abstracts for the XIX Congress Internat. Assoc. Theor. Appl. Limnol., Winnipeg, Canada, August 1974. p. 20.
  32. Walker, K. F. and G. E. Likens. 1974. The influence of morphometry on lake circulation patterns, with particular reference to meromixis. Abstracts for the XIX Congress Internat. Assoc. Theor. Appl. Limnol., Winnipeg, Canada, August 1974. p. 221.
  33. Bormann, F. H., G. E. Likens and J. M. Melillo. 1975. A nitrogen budget for an undisturbed northern hardwood forest ecosystem: The Hubbard Brook Ecosystem Study. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 56(2):38.
  34. Galloway, J. N. and G. E. Likens. 1975. Calibration of collection procedures for determination of precipitation chemistry. Abstracts for The First Internat. Symp. on Acid Precipitation and the Forest Ecosystem. Columbus, Ohio, May 1975. p. 9.
  35. Galloway, J. N., G. E. Likens and E. S. Edgerton. 1975. Some aspects of hydrogen ion chemistry of acid precipitation in central New York. Abstracts for The First Internat. Symp. on Acid Precipitation and the Forest Ecosystem. Columbus, Ohio, May 1975. p. 28.
  36. Gosz, J. R., G. E. Likens and F. H. Bormann. 1975. Energy budget for a northern hardwood forest. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 56(2):38.
  37. Hornbeck, J. W., G. E. Likens and J. S. Eaton. 1975. Seasonal variation in acidity of precipitation and the implications for forest-stream ecosystems. Abstracts for The First Internat. Symp. on Acid Precipitation and the Forest Ecosystem. Columbus, Ohio. p. 41.
  38. Likens, G. E., J. S. Eaton, F. H. Bormann, R. S. Pierce and N. M. Johnson. 1975. Hydrogen ion input to the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire during the last decade. Abstracts for The First Internat. Symp. on Acid Precipitation and the Forest Ecosystem. Columbus, Ohio. p. 29.
  39. Miller, J. M., J. N. Galloway and G. E. Likens. 1975. The use of ARL trajectories for the evaluation of precipitation chemistry data. Abstracts for The First Internat. Symp. on Acid Precipitation and the Forest Ecosystem. Columbus, Ohio. p. 7.
  40. Eaton, J. S., G. E. Likens and F. H. Bormann. 1976. The biogeochemistry of sulfur in a northeastern forest ecosystem. Abstracts for the 10th Middle Atlantic Regional Meeting. February 1976. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  41. Galloway, J. N., C. L. Schofield, E. Yost and G. E. Likens. 1976. Influences of acid precipitation on the water and sediment geochemistry of Adirondack mountain lakes. Abstracts of papers submitted for the 39th Annual Meeting, American Society of Limnology and Oceanography. Savannah, Georgia.
  42. Jordan, M. J. and G. E. Likens. 1976. Dark bottle sulfate uptake as a measure of aquatic bacterial carbon production. Abstracts of papers submitted for the 39th Annual Meeting, American Society of Limnology and Oceanography. Savannah, Georgia.
  43. Galloway, J. N. and G. E. Likens. 1977. Acid precipitation: the importance of nitric acid. Abstracts submitted to AGU Symposium on the Quality of Precipitation. Washington, D.C.
  44. Jordan, M. J. and G. E. Likens. 1977. Pelagic bacterial production measured by uptake of 35SO4 and 14CO2. Abstracts of papers submitted for the 40th Annual Meeting, American Society of Limnology and Oceanography. East Lansing, Michigan.
  45. Meyer, J. L. and G. E. Likens. 1977. Phosphorus, nitrogen, and organic carbon flux in headwater stream ecosystems. Abstracts of papers submitted for the 40th Annual Meeting, American Society of Limnology and Oceanography. East Lansing, Michigan.
  46. Moeller, R. E. and G. E. Likens. 1977. A three-year record of seston sedimentation related to long-term sediment accumulation in Mirror Lake, New Hampshire. Abstracts of papers submitted for SIL XX Congress, Copenhagen. August 1977.
  47. Melillo, J. M., F. H. Bormann and G. E. Likens. 1977. Nitrification in a mid-successional northern hardwood forest ecosystem. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 58(2):17.
  48. Glass, N. R., G. E. Likens and L. S. Dochinger. 1978. The ecological effects of atmospheric deposition. Abstracts of papers for The Third National Conference Interagency Energy/Environment R&D Program. Washington, D.C. June 1978.
  49. Fiance, S. B., R. J. Hall and G. E. Likens. 1978. The effects of experimental acidification on a small stream community. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 59(2):67.
  50. Hall, R. J., S. B. Fiance, G. E. Likens and G. R. Hendrey. 1978. Effects of experimental acidification on stream insect emergence. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 59(2):67.
  51. Hall, R. J., G. E. Likens, G. R. Hendrey and S. B. Fiance. 1978. Experimental stream acidification in the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest. Abstracts of papers submitted to the 41st Annual Meeting, American Society of Limnology and Oceanography. Victoria, B.C. June 1978.
  52. Hornbeck, J. W. and G. E. Likens. 1978. Chemical content of streams draining two cutover forests in New England. EOS Trans., Amer. Geophys. Union 59(4):282.
  53. Hall, R. J. and G. E. Likens. 1979. Stress effects of hydrogen-ion concentration on food-chain dynamics in a mountain stream. Abstracts of papers submitted for the 42nd Annual Meeting of the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography. Stony Brook, New York. June 1979.
  54. Hendrey, G. R., R. J. Hall and G. E. Likens. 1979. Experimental stream acidification: effects on benthic algal productivity. Abstracts of papers submitted for the 42nd Annual Meeting of the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography. Stony Brook, New York. June 1979.
  55. Likens, G. E. and R. E. Bilby. 1979. Development, maintenance and role of organic debris dams in streams. Abstracts of papers for Workshop on Sediment Budgets and Routing in Forest Catchments. Corvallis, Oregon. June 1979.
  56. Hall, R. J., G. E. Likens, S. B. Fiance and G. R. Hendrey. 1980. Ecological effects of experimental stream acidification in the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire. Abstract submitted for the Internat. Conf. on The Ecological Impact of Acid Precipitation. Sandefjord, Norway. March 1980.
  57. Confer, J. L., T. Kaaret and G. E. Likens. 1980. Zooplankton, acid rain and high altitude lakes of the northeastern U.S. Abstracts of papers submitted for the 43rd Annual Meeting, American Society of Limnology and Oceanography. Knoxville, Tennessee. June 1980.
  58. Galloway, J. N., G. E. Likens and J. Miller. 1981. Processes that control the composition of precipitation in remote areas. Abstract for Symposium on The Role of the Oceans in Atmospheric Chemistry, IAMAP Third Scientific Assembly.
  59. Lazrus, A., G. E. Likens, V. Mohnen, G. Kok and W. E. Wilson. 1981. The relationship of air composition to rain acidity. Abstract for paper 81-13.5 at 74th Annual Meeting, APCA, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. June 1981.
  60. Cole, J. J. and G. E. Likens. 1982. Annual cycle of algal decomposition in an oligotrophic lake. Abstracts of papers submitted for the 45th Annual Meeting, American Society of Limnology and Oceanography. North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina. June 1982.
  61. Hornbeck, J. W., C. W. Martin, R. S. Pierce, G. E. Likens, J. S. Eaton and F. H. Bormann. 1982. Impacts of even-age management on nutrient and hydrologic cycles of northern hardwood forests. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 63(2):158.
  62. Galloway, J. N., J. M. Miller, G. E. Likens and W. C. Keene. 1983. A summary of results from the global precipitation chemistry project. Abstract of Paper for World Meteorological Organization (WMO), Vienna, Austria.
  63. Hooper, R. P., C. A. Shoemaker and G. E. Likens. 1983. An analysis of the hydrologic factors influencing the impact of acid precipitation on stream solute concentration. Abstract for Amer. Geophys. Union Meeting, San Francisco, California. December 1983.
  64. Likens, G. E., F. H. Bormann, R. S. Pierce and R. E. Munn. 1983. Long-term trends in precipitation chemistry at Hubbard Brook, New Hampshire. Abstract of paper for the Fifth Internat. Conf. of the Commission on Atmospheric Chemistry and Global Pollution (CACGP), Christ Church, Oxford, England. September 1983.
  65. Munn, R. E., G. E. Likens, B. Weisman, J. W. Hornbeck, C. W. Martin and F. H. Bormann. 1983. A meteorological analysis of the precipitation chemistry event samples at Hubbard Brook, New Hampshire. Abstract for First International Conf. of the Commission on Atmospheric Chemistry and Global Pollution. Christ Church, Oxford, Ohio. September 1983.
  66. Hornbeck, J. W., C. W. Martin, R. M. Bloxam, R. E. Munn, G. E. Likens and B. Weisman. 1983. Relationships of storm type and trajectory to precipitation chemistry. Abstract for Symposium on Perspectives on Acid Precipitation: Thermal Energy's Vexing Side. University of Vermont, Burlington. September 1983.
  67. Likens, G. E., W. C. Keene, J. M. Miller and J. N. Galloway. 1984. The chemistry of precipitation in Katherine, Australia. Abstract for The Scientific Application of Baseline Observations of Atmospheric Composition. Aspendale, Australia. November 1984. pp. 56-58.
  68. Keene, W. C., J. N. Galloway, G. E. Likens and J. M. Miller. 1985. Contributions of the Global Precipitation Chemistry Project. Abstract for NAPAP Peer-Review Meeting, Boulder, Colorado. September 1985.
  69. Asbury, C. E., F. A. Vertucci, M. D. Mattson, G. E. Likens and M. D. Best. 1986. Comparison of historic and modern data on alkalinity and pH to detect acidification in Adirondack lakes. Abstract for IV Internat. Congress of Ecology, State University of New York, Syracuse University. p. 80.
  70. Hedin, L. O., M. S. Mayer and G. E. Likens. 1986. The effect of deforestation on organic debris dams in streams. Abstract of papers submitted for 49th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, Kingston. p. 51.
  71. Mattson, M. D., F. A. Vertucci, C. E. Asbury and G. E. Likens. 1986. Factors affecting Adirondack lake acidification: a test of current hypotheses using measured changes in alkalinity. Abstract for IV Internat. Congress of Ecology, State University of New York, Syracuse University. p. 230.
  72. Vertucci, F. A., C. E. Asbury, M. D. Mattson and G. E. Likens. 1986. The use of historic lake alkalinity data to evaluate Henriksen's models of lake acidification. Abstract for IV Internat. Congress of Ecology, State University of New York, Syracuse University. p. 339.
  73. Caraco, N., J. Cole, G. E. Likens, M. Mattson and S. Nolan. 1987. A very unbalanced phosphorus budget for Mirror Lake, New Hampshire, USA. Abstract for XXIII Societas Internationalis Limnologiae (SIL), Hamilton, New Zealand. February 1987.
  74. Hedin, L. O., M. S. Mayer and G. E. Likens. 1987. Temporal and spatial response of organic debris dams to deforestation. Abstract for XXIII Societas Internationalis Limnologiae (SIL), Hamilton, New Zealand. February 1987.
  75. Likens, G. E. 1987. Acid rain and its influence on sediment-water exchange in lakes and streams. Abstract for the Fourth Internat. Symp. on The Interactions Between Sediments and Water. Melbourne, Australia.
  76. Likens, G. E. 1987. An experimental approach--introduction. Abstract of papers submitted for 50th Annual Meeting, American Society of Limnology and Oceanography, University of Wisconsin, Madison. p. 47.
  77. Mattson, M. D. and G. E. Likens. 1987. The effect of barometric pressure on methane ebullition rates. EOS Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union 68(50):1691.
  78. Caraco, N., J. J. Cole, G. E. Likens and S. S. Nolan. 1988. Atmospheric inputs of phosphorus to Mirror Lake, an oligotrophic lake in New Hampshire. Abstract for A Symposium at Lake Tahoe, "Sub-alpine watershed processes and water quality." Crystal Bay, Nevada. June 1988.
  79. Driscoll, C. T. and G. E. Likens. 1988. Long-term trends in the acid-base chemistry of streamwater at Hubbard Brook, NH. Abstract for WPCP Specialty Conference on Acid Rain, Hartford, Connecticut. May 1988.
  80. Hedin, L. O., G. E. Likens and L. Granat. 1988. Seasonal chemistry of SO42-, NO3- and NH4+ in wet deposition in the northeastern U.S. and central Scandinavia. Abstracts of papers submitted for the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography, University of Colorado, Boulder. p. 33.
  81. Scott, N. A., G. E. Likens and J. S. Eaton. 1988. Loss of trace metals via stream water in a northern hardwoods watershed following a whole tree harvest. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 69(2):289-290.
  82. Weathers, K. C., G. E. Likens, F. H. Bormann, S. H. Bicknell, B. T. Bormann, B. C. Daube, Jr., J. S. Eaton, J. N. Galloway, W. C. Keene, K. D. Kimball, W. H. McDowell, T. G. Siccama, D. Smiley and R. A. Tarrant. 1988. Chemical concentrations of cloud water from eight sites in North America. Abstract for National Atmospheric Deposition Program (NADP) Technical Committee Meeting, Austin, Texas.
  83. Caraco, N. F., J. J. Cole and G. E. Likens. 1989. Phosphorus release from sediments and anoxia: which lakes violate the rules? Abstract for XXIV Congress of the Internat. Assoc. of Theoretical and Applied Limnology, Societas Internationalis Limnologiae (SIL), Munich, Federal Republic of Germany. August 1989. p. 22.
  84. Likens, G. E. 1989. Linkages between hydrology and biogeochemistry in forested catchments. Abstract for Chapman Conference on Hydrogeochemical Responses of Forested Catchments, American Geophysical Union. Bar Harbor, Maine. September 1989.
  85. Likens, G. E., L. O. Hedin and T. J. Butler. 1989. Some long-term precipitation chemistry patterns at Hubbard Brook: extremes and averages. Abstract, XXIV Congress of the Internat. Assoc. of Theoretical and Applied Limnology, Societas Internationalis Limnologiae (SIL), Munich, Federal Republic of Germany. August 1989. p. 89.
  86. Butler, T. J. and G. E. Likens. 1990. Impact of changing regional emissions on precipitation chemistry in the eastern U.S. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 71(2):110.
  87. Hedin, L. O., G. E. Likens, K. M. Postek and C. T. Driscoll. 1990. Role of organic acids in surface water acidification: experimental acidification of a brownwater stream. Abstract of papers submitted for the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography, College of William & Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia. p. 40.
  88. Hedin, L. O., G. E. Likens, C. T. Driscoll and K. M. Postek. 1990. Role of organic acids in buffering inputs of mineral acidity to surface waters: a field experiment. Abstract for Internat. Conf. on Acidic Deposition: Its Nature and Impacts. Glasgow, Scotland. September 1990. p. 343.
  89. Likens, G. E. 1990. Long-term consequences of human effects on ecosystems. p. 17. In: J. Armesto and S.T.A. Pickett (coordinators). Abstract for International Workshop on Comparative Studies of North and South American Temperate Ecosystems: Theory, Approaches and Limitations. Termas de Chillan, Chile.
  90. Likens, G. E. 1990. Sustained ecological research and formulation of public policy. Abstract for Fifth Annual Landscape Ecology Symposium, The Role of Landscape Ecology in Public-Policy Making and Land-Use Management. Miami University, Oxford, Ohio. p. 16.
  91. Likens, G. E., F. H. Bormann, L. O. Hedin, C. T. Driscoll and J. S. Eaton. 1990. Dry deposition of sulfur: A 23-yr record for the Hubbard Brook Forest Ecosystem. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 71(2):231.
  92. Lovett, G. M., G. E. Likens and S. S. Nolan. 1990. A comparison of methods for estimating dry deposition of sulfur to a forested ecosystem. Abstract for BATTELLE meeting, Fifth Internat. Conf. on Precipitation Scavenging and Atmosphere-Surface Exchange Processes.
  93. Weathers, K. C., G. M. Lovett and G. E. Likens. 1990. Cloud deposition to a forest edge. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 71(2):363.
  94. Caraco, N. F., J. J. Cole and G. E. Likens. 1991. Iron:Phosphorus accumulation in hypolimnetic waters. Abstract for Third Internat. Workshop on Phosphorus in Sediments. Woudschoten/Utrecht, The Netherlands. Sept./Oct. 1991.
  95. Christ, M., Yimin Zhang, C. T. Driscoll and G. E. Likens. 1991. Nitrogen immobilization capacity of a northern hardwood forest soil. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 72(2):88.
  96. Hultberg, H. and G. E. Likens. 1991. Sulphur deposition to forested ecosystems in northern Europe and North America -- large-scale variations and long-term dynamics. Abstract for Fifth Internat. Conf. on Precipitation Scavenging and Atmosphere-Surface Exchange Processes. Richland, Washington. July 1991.
  97. Lovett, G. M., J. J. Cole and G. E. Likens. 1991. A comparison of methods for estimating dry deposition of sulfur to a forested ecosystem. Abstract for Fifth Internat. Conf. on Precipitation Scavenging and Atmosphere-Surface Exchange Processes. Richland, Washington. July 1991.
  98. Bukaveckas, P. A. and G. E. Likens. 1992. Long-term changes in nutrient inputs to Mirror Lake. Abstract for 1992 ASLO Aquatic Sciences Meeting, Santa Fe, New Mexico. February 1992.
  99. Bukaveckas, P. A., G. E. Likens, D. C. Buso and T. C. Winter. 1992. Analysis of chemical fluxes within the Mirror Lake watershed. Abstract No. 74, Societas Internationalis Limnologiae (SIL) XXV Internat. Congress, Barcelona, Spain. August 1992.
  100. Caraco, N. F., J. J. Cole and G. E. Likens. 1992. Nutrient limitation in fresh and salt waters: potential control by sulfur cycling in sediments. Abstract for 1992 ASLO Aquatic Sciences Meeting, Santa Fe, New Mexico. February 1992.
  101. Christ, M., G. E. Likens and C. T. Driscoll. 1992. A lysimeter-plot test of the salt effect in a northern hardwood forest spodosol. Agronomy Abstracts, Amer. Soc. of Agronomy, Minneapolis, Minnesota.
  102. Galloway, J. N., G. E. Likens and W. C. Keene. 1992. The composition of precipitation in Torres del Paine, Chile: Among the cleanest in the world? Abstract for A Patagonia Gem--The Ecology and Natural History of a World Reserve: Torres del Paine National Park, Chile. Santiago, Chile. January 1992.
  103. Likens, G. E. 1992. Ecology, ecosystems and environmentalism. Abstract No. 357, Societas Internationalis Limnologiae (SIL) XXV Internat. Congress, Barcelona, Spain. August 1992.
  104. Likens, G. E. 1992. Insights from sustained ecological research. Abstract for 1992 ASLO Aquatic Sciences Meeting [Plenary Session], Santa Fe, New Mexico. February 1992.
  105. Likens, G. E. and C. Eagar. 1992. The Hubbard Brook Ecosystem Study. Abstract for National Colloquium on New Perspectives. Society for American Foresters, Lake Geneva, Wisconsin. Sept./Oct. 1992.
  106. Lovett, G. M., G. E. Likens and S. S. Nolan. 1992. Can dry deposition to a forest be measured? Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 73(2):255.
  107. Peierls, B. L., J. J. Cole, G. E. Likens and D. Ashizawa. 1992. Long-term stream and river temperature trends. Abstract for 1992 ASLO Aquatic Sciences Meeting, Santa Fe, New Mexico. February 1992.
  108. Vertucci, F. A. and G. E. Likens. 1992. A comparison of regional estimates of lake acidification in the Adirondack Mountains, New York, USA. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 73(2):375.
  109. Weathers, K. C. and G. E. Likens. 1992. Cloud water chemistry at Mohonk Mountain, New York. Abstract for Daniel Smiley Conf. Res. Assoc., Mohonk Mt., New York.
  110. Weathers, K. C., G. M. Lovett and G. E. Likens. 1992. The effect of landscape features on rates of atmospheric deposition. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 73(2):381.
  111. Weathers, K. C., G. M. Lovett and G. E. Likens. 1992. The effects of landscape features on atmospheric deposition to the Catskill Mountains, New York. Abstract for USDA Forest Service Symposium, 'The Effects of Air Pollution on Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecosystems in New England and New York.' Waterville Valley, New Hampshire. October 1992.
  112. Bukaveckas, P. A., G. E. Likens and C. L. Schelske. 1993. Inter-annual variation and long-term trends in nutrient fluxes in the Mirror Lake watershed. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 74(2):179-180.
  113. Caraco, N. F., J. J. Cole and G. E. Likens. 1993. How can a lake with a net autotrophic organic carbon balance outgas carbon dioxide all year long? Abstract of papers submitted for ASLO/SWS '93 [American Society of Limnology and Oceanography], Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.
  114. Christ, M., Y. Zhang, G. E. Likens and C. T. Driscoll. 1993. Which horizon is the largest source of base cations to the soil solution? A lysimeter study at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire. Agronomy Abstracts.
  115. Cole, J. J., N. F. Caraco, G. E. Likens and G. W. Kling. 1993. Measured and calculated pCO2 indicate that lakes are a source, not a sink, for atmospheric CO2. Abstract of papers submitted for ASLO/SWS '93 [American Society of Limnology and Oceanography], Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.
  116. Likens, G. E. 1993. Human-accelerated environmental change -- an ecologist's view. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 74(2):331.
  117. Galloway, J. N., W. C. Keene and G. E. Likens. 1994. Wet deposition in remote regions: Implications for environmental processes. Abstract for International Global Atmospheric Chemistry (IGAC) Symposium, Fuji-Yoshida, Japan. September 1994.
  118. Likens, G. E. 1994. Sustained ecological research and the protection of ecosystems. Abstract for Second Internat. Conf. of Ecosystem Monitoring Protection Areas, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. May 1994.
  119. Pardo, L. H., P. E. Murdoch, M. J. Mitchell, C. T. Driscoll and G. E. Likens. 1994. Growing season loss of nitrate at three northeastern hardwood forests: a regional indicator of nitrogen saturation? Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 75(2):173.
  120. Weathers, K. C., G. M. Lovett and G. E. Likens. 1994. How landscape "features" affect rates of atmospheric deposition to a high-elevation ecosystem. Abstract for Acid Rain Specialty Conference, The Netherlands. October 1994.
  121. Likens, G. E., S. Tartowski, C. T. Driscoll, T. W. Berger and D. C. Buso. 1995. The fate of trifluoroacetate in a northern hardwood forest. Suppl. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 76(3):357.
  122. Pardo, L. H., C. T. Driscoll and G. E. Likens. 1995. Acidification and nitrogen deposition effects on an experimentally generated chronosequence. Abstract for Acid Reign Conference, Gothenborg, Sweden, June 1995.
  123. Galloway, J. N., W. C. Keene and G. E. Likens. 1995. Processes controlling the composition of precipitation at a remote Southern Hemispheric location: Torres del Paine National Park, Chile. GAP Abstract, American Geophysical Union.
  124. Berger, T. W., S. Tartowski, G. E. Likens, D. G. Richey, C. T. Driscoll and H. Frank. 1996. The transport and transformation of trifluoroacetate in a northern hardwood forest. Suppl. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 77(3):33.
  125. Likens, G. E., C. T. Driscoll and D. C. Buso. 1996. Long-term effects of acid rain on ecosystems of the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest. Suppl. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 77(3):296.
  126. Bukaveckas, P. A., G. E. Likens, D. Buso and T. C. Winter. 1997. Inter-annual variation and long-term trends in solute chemistry in the Mirror Lake watershed. Abstract submitted for BIOGEOMON 3rd Internat. Symp. on Ecosystem Behavior, Villanova University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. June 1997.
  127. Lewis, G. P. and G. E. Likens. 1997. Relationships between stream acid anions and base cations in old-growth and second-growth Pennsylvania forests. Abstract for Ancient Eastern U.S. Old-Growth Forests Conference, Clarion, PA. June 1997.
  128. Lewis, G. P. and G. E. Likens. 1997. Forest insect outbreaks: potential influence of insect litter on stream solute chemistry. Suppl. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 78(4):132.
  129. Likens, G. E. 1997. Discovering long-term changes in ecosystem structure and function. Abstracts for II Southern Connection Congress. Southern Temperate Biota and Ecosystems: Past, Present and Future. Valdivia, Chile. January 1997. Noticiero de Biologia 5(1):45.
  130. Tartowski, S. and G. E. Likens. 1997. The biogeochemistry of radioactively-labeled trifluoroacetate in a northern hardwood forest wetland. . Suppl. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 78(4):194.
  131. Weathers, K. C. and G. E. Likens. 1997. Cloud water in southern Chile: is it an important source of nutrients? Abstracts for II Southern Connection Congress. Southern Temperate Biota and Ecosystems: Past, Present and Future. Valdivia, Chile. January 1997. Noticiero de Biologia 5(1):126.
  132. Bernhardt, E. S., R. O. Hall, K. H. Macneale and G. E. Likens. 1998. Algal assemblage response to a two-month, whole stream pH and calcium manipulation at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest. Bulletin of the North American Benthological Society 15(1):150.
  133. Driscoll, C. T., S. Gbondo-Tugbawa, J. Aber, G. E. Likens and D. C. Buso. 1998. The long-term changes in precipitation and stream chemistry at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, NH: measurements and model calculations. Abstract for National Atmospheric Deposition Project (NADP) Meeting, St. Petersburg, FL, October 1998.
  134. Hall, R. O. and G. E. Likens. 1998. Ecological implications of high discharge variability in streams of the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest. Abstract submitted for XXVII Congress of Societas Internationalis Limnologiae (SIL), August 1998, Dublin, Ireland.
  135. Hall, Jr. R. O., K. H. Macneale, E. S. Bernhardt and G. E. Likens. 1998. Calcium transport and storage during a two-month calcium addition to two forest streams. ASLO/ESA Meeting, St. Louis, Missouri, June 1998.
  136. Likens, G. E. 1998. A long-term record of ice cover for Mirror Lake, New Hampshire: effects of global warming? Abstract submitted for XXVII Congress of Societas Internationalis Limnologiae (SIL), August 1998, Dublin Ireland.
  137. Likens, G. E. 1998. The value of long-term data for understanding ecosystem structure and function: the Hubbard Brook example. pp. 2-4; p. 53. Extended Abstract and Summary for A Symposium of 'Research in the Taieri Catchment'. Occasional Paper Number One. Univ. Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
  138. Macneale, K. H., R. O. Hall, E. S. Bernhardt and G. E. Likens. 1998. Reduction in emergence of an acid tolerant stonefly in response to elevated pH and calcium. Bulletin of the North American Benthological Society 15(1):115.
  139. Steinhart, G. S., G. E. Likens and P. M. Groffman. 1998. Denitrification in stream sediments in five northeastern (USA) streams. Abstract submitted for XXVII Congress of Societas Internationalis Limnologiae (SIL), August 1998, Dublin, Ireland
  140. Bernhardt, E. S., R. O. Hall, Jr. and G. E. Likens. 1999. Stream nutrient limitation across a range of forest age in the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest (HBEF), New Hampshire. Poster Abstract for Ecological Society of America, Spokane, WA.
  141. Hall, R. O., E. S. Bernhardt and G. E. Likens. 1999. Transient storage and nutrient transport in streams at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest. Abstract for The North American Benthological Society, Duluth, MN.
  142. Hall, R. O., H. M. Malcom and G. E. Likens. 1999. Trophic basis of insect secondary production in two streams at Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest. Abstract for Ecological Society of America, Spokane, WA.
  143. Kobe, R. K., G. E. Likens and C. Eagar. 1999. Seedling growth and mortality responses to experimental additions of calcium and aluminum in a northern hardwood forest. Abstract for Ecological Society of America.
  144. Likens, G. E. 1999. Biogeochemistry of calcium: Long-term studies at Hubbard Brook. Abstract for Frontiers of Catchment Biogeochemistry Conference, Canberra, Australia. November/December 1999.
  145. Likens, G. E. 1999. Limnology and freshwater ecosystems in the Twenty-First Century. Abstract for Plenary Talk, American Society of Limnology and Oceanography, Santa Fe, NM. February 1999.
  146. Likens, G. E. 1999. The watershed approach: Some uses and limitations. Abstract for Frontiers of Catchment Biogeochemistry Conference, Canberra, Australia. November/December 1999.
  147. Macneale, K. H., B. L. Peckarsky and G. E. Likens. 1999. Stable isotopes help identify the direction and distance of adult stonefly (Plecoptera) flight. Abstract for The North American Benthological Society.
  148. Bernhardt, E. S. and G. E. Likens. 2000. Effects of a two-month addition on stream nitrogen dynamics at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest (HBEF). Abstract for Ecological Society of America, Snowbird, Utah. August 2000.
  149. Bernhardt, E. S. and G. E. Likens. 2000. Effects of a DOC addition on stream nitrogen dynamics at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest (HBEF). Abstract for North American Benthological Society.
  150. Bernhardt, E. S., R. O. Hall, Jr. and G. E. Likens. 2000. Instream nitrification: Can it explain (NO3) in stream of the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest? Abstract for Ecological Society of America, Snowbird, Utah. August 2000.
  151. Blum, J. D., S. C. Peters, C. T. Driscoll and G. E. Likens. 2000. A watershed-scale silicate weathering experiment. Abstract for GSA Meeting, November 2000.
  152. Bowden, W. B., A. Pearce, J. Harding, P. Gillespie, A. Fenemor, T. Dunne and G. E. Likens. 2000. Integrating biophysical, ecological, and social research for catchment-scale management: The Motueka River initiative. Abstract for Fresh Perspectives Conference for CRG/ICM, University of Canterbury, NZ. November 2000.
  153. Campbell, J., J. Hornbeck, W. McDowell, G. E. Likens, D. Buso and J. Shanley. 2000. Fluxes of dissolved organic carbon from 8 watersheds in New England. Abstract for AGU Meeting, December 2000.
  154. Houlton, B. Z., C. T. Driscoll, T. J. Fahey and G. E. Likens. 2000. The effect of ice storm damage on drainage water chemistry at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest - Linking natural disturbance to nutrient loss and acidification of drainage water. Abstract for LTER All Scientists Meeting, Snowbird, Utah. August 2000.
  155. Kobe, R. K., G. E. Likens and C. Eagar. 2000. Seedling growth and mortality responses to experimental additions of calcium and aluminum in a northern hardwood forest. Abstract for NADP Meeting, Saratoga Springs. FL. October 2000.
  156. Macneale, K. H., B. L. Peckarsky and G. E. Likens. 2000. Evidence of dispersal in an acid-tolerant stonefly (Plecoptera) using stable isotopes. Abstract for Ecological Society of America, Snowbird, Utah. August 2000.
  157. Mitchell, M. J., B. Mayer, S. W. Bailey, J. W. Hornbeck, C. Alewell, C.T. Driscoll and G. E. Likens. 2000. Discrepancies in sulfur mass balances at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest: Use of stable isotopes for evaluating sulfur sources and sinks. Acid Rain 2000 Meeting, Tokyo, Japan.
  158. Pearce, A., W. B. Bowden, T. Dunne, A. Fenemor, J. Harding and G. E. Likens. 2000. Integrating hydrology, freshwater ecology and social process research for catchment-scale management. Abstract for Fifth George Kovacs Colloquium, IAHS/UNESCO and Hydrology, Environment, Life and Policy.
  159. Weathers, K. C., W. C. Keene, J. Moody, G. M. Lovett, G. E. Likens, N. Caraco, J. N. Galloway, L. O. Hedin, J. Armesto and A. Johnson. 2000. Atmospheric flux of organic and inorganic nitrogen to a remote, coastal forest in southern Chile. Abstract for American Geophysical Union Meeting, December 2000.
  160. Aber, J., S. Ollinger, C. Driscoll, G. E. Likens, R. T. Holmes, R. Freuder and C. Goodale. 2001. Temporal changes in nitrate loss from forested ecosystems in response to physical, chemical, biotic and climatic perturbations. Abstract for N2001 - The Second International Nitrogen Conference, Potomac, Maryland.
  161. Bailey, S. W., D. C. Buso and G. E. Likens. 2001. Ecosystem Ca:Na ratio - A potential indicator of recovery from acidification? Abstract for Gordon Conference 2001.
  162. Butler, T. J. and G. E. Likens. 2001. Pre and Post Phase I Clean Air Act Amendments Impacts on precipitation SO4= and H+, and dry deposition sulfur species and prospects for recovery of acid sensitive ecosystems. Abstract for NADP Technical Committee Meeting Proceedings 2000. Saratoga Springs, NY. p. 86.
  163. Gilliland, A., T. J. Butler and G. E. Likens. 2001. Seasonal and monthly bias in weekly (NADP/NTN) vs. Daily (AIRMoN) ammonium and nitrogen precipitation chemistry in the eastern U.S. Abstract for N2001 Conference - The Second International Nitrogen Conference, Potomac, Maryland.
  164. Kobe, R. K., G. E. Likens and C. Eagar. 2001. Seedling growth and mortality responses to experimental additions of calcium and aluminum in a northern hardwood forest. Abstract for NADP Technical Committee Meeting Proceedings 2000. Saratoga Springs, NY. p. 36.
  165. Likens, G. E. 2001. Importance of long-term data sets for managing and sustaining Park areas. Symposium Abstracts, Ecological Society of America 86th Annual Meeting, Madison, WI. p. 24.
  166. Likens, G. E., D. C. Buso and J. W. Hornbeck. 2001. Factors affecting spatial variation in streamwater chemistry across the Hubbard Brook Valley, USA. Abstract for Societas Internationalis Limnologiae, 2001. Melbourne, Australia. p. 121.
  167. Macneale, K. H., G. E. Likens and B. L. Peckarsky. 2001. Feeding strategies of some adult stoneflies (Plecoptera) critical for egg production and dispersal. Abstract for Societas Internationalis Limnologiae, 2001. Melbourne, Australia. p. 230.
  168. Macneale, K. H., B. L. Peckarsky and G. E. Likens. 2001. Adult feeding by some stoneflies (Plecoptera) critical for egg production and dispersal. Bulletin of the North American Benthological Society 18(1):153.
  169. McCutchan, J. H., Jr., G. E. Likens and A. M. Kelley. 2001. The effect of forest age on light availability in small streams. Bulletin of the North American Benthological Society 18(1):203-204.
  170. Stelzer, R. S., J. B. Heffernan and G. E. Likens. 2001. The influence of particulate organic matter quality and dissolved nutrients on microbial respiration rates in a forest stream Bulletin of the North American Benthological Society 18(1):180.
  171. Stelzer, R. S., J. H. McCutchan and G. E. Likens. 2001. Modeling the effects of sampling frequency on estimates of solute export from streams: the role of concentration-discharge relationships and hydrological variability. Abstract for 2001 Cary Conference.
  172. Stelzer, R. S., J. H. McCutchan, G. E. Likens and D. C. Buso. 2001. Seasonal and long-term variation of phosphorus in bulk precipitation and stream water at Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, NH, USA. Abstract for Societas Internationalis Limnologiae, 2001. Melbourne, Australia. pp. 195-196.
  173. Weathers, K. C., T. J. Butler, G. M. Lovett, G. E. Likens and V. R. Kelly. 2001. Emissions and deposition of acid rain precursors. Abstract for NYSERDA Conference.
  174. Johnson, C. E., T. G. Siccama and G. E. Likens. 2002. Long-term investigations of lead biogeochemistry in a northern hardwood forest. In: Biogeomon 2002, 4th International Symposium on Ecosystem Behaviour, The University of Reading, UK, August 2002. p. 110.
  175. Likens, G. E. 2002. Biogeochemistry: Some opportunities and challenges for the future. In: Biogeomon 2002, 4th International Symposium on Ecosystem Behaviour, The University of Reading, UK, August 2002. p. 136.
  176. Likens, G. E. 2002. Use of long-term data, mass balances and stable isotopes in watershed biogeochemistry: the Hubbard Brook model. Millenium Workshop 'Biogeochemical Cycles in Temperate Forest Ecosystems', Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia. November 2002. p. 2.
  177. Macneale, K. H., B. L. Peckarsky and G. E. Likens. 2002. Dispersal of stream insects: stonefly flight links populations across habitats. Abstract for North American Benthological Society. Pittsburgh, PA, June 2002.
  178. Macneale, K. H., B. L. Peckarsky and G. E. Likens. 2002. Stream insect populations connected through cross-stream and upstream adult flight. Abstract for Ecol. Soc. Amer., August 2002.
  179. McCutchan, J. H., Jr. and G. E. Likens. 2002. Relative importance of carbon sources for macroinvertebrates in three streams at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest. Abstract for North American Benthological Society. Pittsburgh, PA, June 2002.
  180. Butler, T. J., G. E. Likens, F. M. Vermeylen and B.J.B. Stunder. 2003. The relation between NOx emissions and precipitation NO3- in the eastern U.S.A. Poster and Abstract, NADP 2003 Long-Term Monitoring: Supporting Science and Informing Policy Proceedings, p. 62. Washington, D.C. October 2003.
  181. Driscoll, C. T., G. E. Likens and T. Butler. 2003. Atmospheric deposition at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire: Linkages among long-term measurements, experiments and modeling. Abstract, NADP 2003 Long-Term Monitoring: Supporting Science and Informing Policy Proceedings, p. 45. Washington, D.C. October 2003.
  182. Kelly, V. R., G. M. Lovett, K. C. Weathers and G. E. Likens. 2003. Trends in ammonium concentrations in relation to local-scale agriculture and regional sulfur dioxide emissions. Poster and Abstract, NADP 2003 Long-Term Monitoring: Supporting Science and Informing Policy Proceedings, p. 73. Washington, D.C. October 2003.
  183. Lowe, W. and G. E. Likens. 2003. Effects of habitat heterogeneity at multiple spatial scales on the distribution and abundance of a stream salamander. LTER All-Scientists Meeting, Seattle, WA, September 2003.
  184. Perron, R. L., G. E. Likens and D. C. Buso. 2003. Comparison of potassium in bulk precipitation and wet deposition for a twenty-three year period (1979-2001) at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, Woodstock, New Hampshire (NADP Site NH02). Poster and Abstract, NADP 2003 Long-Term Monitoring: Supporting Science and Informing Policy Proceedings, p. 82. Washington, D.C. October 2003.
  185. Stelzer, R. S., J. H. McCutchan, Jr. and G. E. Likens. 2003. The effects of sampling frequency on estimates of solute export from streams: the role of concentration-discharge relationships and hydrological variability. Abstract for 2003 North American Benthological Society (NABS) Meeting, Athens, GA, May 2003.
  186. Weathers, K. C., T. J. Butler, G. E. Likens and G. M. Lovett. 2003. Emissions and deposition of atmospheric pollutants: An update. NYSERDA Abstract, October 2003.
  187. Bernhardt, E. S., R. O. Hall, Jr., G. E. Likens and D. C. Buso. 2004. Can long-term change in stream N processing affect watershed N exports? Abstract for 89th Annual Meeting of Ecological Society of America, Portland, OR.
  188. Butler, T. J., G. E. Likens, F. M. Vermeylen and B.J.B. Stunder. 2004. The impact of changing NOx emissions on HNO3 dry deposition for CASTNet sites in the northeastern, Mid-Atlantic and midwestern USA. Abstract for NADP Annual Meeting, Halifax, Nova Scotia. NADP Proceedings, p. 45.
  189. Lowe, W. H. and G. E. Likens. 2004. Multi-scale variation in salamander population attributes across headwater stream network in the Hubbard Brook Valley USA. Abstract for Societas Internationalis Limnologiae (SIL) XXIX Congress, Lahti, Finland. p. 31.
  190. Tripler, C. E., S. S. Kaushal and G. E. Likens. 2004. Evaluating the evidence for potassium co-limitation in forested ecosystems. Abstract and Poster for AGU Presentation, B41A-20, Montreal, Canada.
  191. Bade, D. L. and G. E. Likens. 2005. Declining sulfate burial in Mirror Lake. Poster and Abstract for ASLO Summer Meeting, Santiago de Compostela, Spain. June 2005. Conference Abstracts, p. 12.
  192. Eviner, V. and G. E. Likens. 2005. Effects of disease on biogeochemical cycling. Abstract, ESA/INTECOL Annual Meeting, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, August 2005.
  193. Likens, G. E. 2005. The watershed-ecosystem approach: Historical perspectives and future opportunities and challenges. Abstract, 90th Annual Meeting of Ecological Society of America and IX INTECOL International Congress of Ecology, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, August 2005.
  194. Likens, G. E. and D. C. Buso. 2005. Long-term measurements of climate change in the Hubbard Brook Valley, New Hampshire, USA. Abstract for ASLO Summer Meeting, Santiago de Compostela, Spain. June 2005. Conference Abstracts, p. 91.
  195. Lovett, G. M., G. E. Likens, D. C. Buso, C. T. Driscoll and S. W. Bailey. 2005. New perspectives on the chlorine cycle: Results from the Hubbard Brook Ecosystem Study. Abstract and Poster for Gordon Conference on Forested Catchments, July 2005.
  196. Lowe, W., G. E. Likens, M. McPeek and D. C. Buso. 2005. Linking direct and indirect data on dispersal: Isolation by slope in a headwater stream salamander. Abstract, 90th Annual Meeting of Ecological Society of America and IX INTECOL International Congress of Ecology, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, August 2005.
  197. Warren, D. R., E. S. Bernhardt, R. O. Hall, Jr. and G. E. Likens. 2005. Forest age, woody debris, and nutrient dynamics in headwater streams of the White Mountains, NH. Abstract, 90th Annual Meeting of Ecological Society of America and IX INTECOL International Congress of Ecology, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, August 2005.
  198. Bade, D. L. and G. E. Likens. 2006. Sulfate dynamics in Mirror Lake: A 30-year mass balance. Abstract Submitted to ESA Annual Meeting, Memphis, TN. August 2006.
  199. Butler, T., G. E. Likens, M. Cohen, F. Vermeylen, D. Schmeltz and R. Artz.. 2006. Trends in mercury concentration and deposition at MDN sites in the eastern USA 1998-2005. Abstract and Poster for NADP meeting, Norfolk, VA. October 2006.
  200. Judd, K. E., G. E. Likens and P. M. Groffman. 2006. Nitrate retention in watershed-ecosystems during winter months at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest. Abstract for American Society of Limnology and Oceanography Meeting, Santa Fe, New Mexico. February 2007.
  201. Likens, G. E. 2006. Ecosystem Science, Environmental Change and Society: A Personal View. Abstract for Neotropics Workshop, Valdivia, Chile. November 2007.
  202. Lowe, W. H., G. E. Likens, M. A. McPeek, D. C. Buso, B. J. Cosentino and B. T. Greene. 2006. Controls and consequences of dispersal in streams. Abstract for American Society of Limnology and Oceanography, Victoria, Canada. June 2006.
  203. Bade, D. L., K. Bouchard and G. E. Likens. 2007. Algal co-limitation by nitrogen and phosphorus persists after 30 years in Mirror Lake (New Hampshire, USA). Abstract for Societas Internationalis Limnologiae, Montreal, Canada. August 2007.
  204. Cosentino, B., W. Lowe and G. E. Likens. 2007. Demography and movement of the northern spring salamander, Gyrinophilus porphyriticus, in four New Hampshire headwater streams. Abstract for Societas Internationalis Limnologiae, Montreal, Canada. August 2007.
  205. Judd, K. E., G. E. Likens and P.M. Groffman. 2007. Nitrate retention in watershed-ecosystems during winter months at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest. Abstract for American Society of Limnology and Oceanography Meeting, Santa Fe, New Mexico. February 2007.
  206. Likens, G. E. and D. C. Buso. 2007. Long-term changes in streamwater chemistry following disturbance in the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, USA. Abstract for Societas Internationalis Limnologiae, Montreal, Canada. August 2007.
  207. Warren, D. R., K. E. Judd, D. L. Bade, G. E. Likens and C. E. Kraft. 2007. Determining the influence of wood on stream nitrate dynamics in forested headwater streams. Abstract for North American Benthylogical Society (NABS) 55th Annual Meeting, Columbia, SC. June 2007.
  208. Warren, D. R., K. E. Judd, D. L. Bade, G. E. Likens and C. E. Kraft. 2007. Season influences of wood on stream nitrate dynamics in forested headwater streams in the northeast U.S. Abstract for American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting. Smithsonian/NASA Astrophysics Data System.
  209. Daley, R. E., C. L. Goodale, D.C. Buso, C. T. Driscoll, C. Fuss and G. E. Likens. 2008. Hydrological control over stream nitrate loss in an aggrading New Hampshire forest. Abstract for AGU Conference and CIES Undergraduate Research Symposium, 17 August 2008.
  210. Lowe, W. H., M. A. McPeek, G. E. Likens and B. J. Cosentino. 2008. Dispersal and divergence in plethodontid salamanders. Abstract for 93rd Annual Ecological Society of America Meeting (ESA), Milwaukee, WI. August 2008.
  211. Butler, T., F. Vermeylen, G. E. Likens, M. Rury and B. Lee. 2009. Regional impacts of reduced NO? emissions on ozone concentrations in the eastern USA: maximum O3 levels reduced by 10%. NADP Abstract and Poster, Saratoga Springs, NY. October 2009.
  212. Likens, G. E. 2009. Using watershed-scale, experimental manipulation to gain insights into coupled biogeochemical cycles. Abstract for 94th Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting, Albuquerque, New Mexico. August 2009.
  213. Likens, G. E. 2009. Ecosystem science, environmental change and society. Abstract for Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Science, 24 October 2009, Nanjing, China.
  214. Likens, G. E. 2009. Long-term, air-land-water interactions: Assessing Human-Accelerated Environmental Change. Abstract for Einstein Lecture, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing, China. October 2009.
  215. Likens, G. E. 2009. Long-term nitrogen dynamics in a temperate forest ecosystem. Abstract for Agouron Institute Nitrogen Symposium, Scottsdale, AR. October 2009.
  216. Likens, G. E. 2009. Water: A challenging interface between scientific understanding and policy. SIL Abstract, SIL Symposium on Global Change and Freshwater Environments. Chinese Academy of Sciences and International Society of Limnology, Nanjing, China. October 2009.
  217. Mitchell, M. J., G. Lovett, S. Bailey, F. Beall, D. Burns, D. Buso, T. Clair, F. Courchesne, L. Duchesne, C. Eimers, I. Fernandez, D. Houle, D. Jeffries, G. E. Likens, D. Schwede, J. Shanley, K. Weathers and R. Vet. 2009. Comparisons of watershed sulfur budges in southeast Canada and northeastern U.S.: new approaches and applications. PowerPoint posted on website for NADP Annual Meeting and Scientific Symposium, Saratoga Springs, NY. October 2009.
  218. Mitchell, M. J., G. Lovett, S. Bailey, F. Beall, D. Burns, D. Buso, T. A. Clair, F. Courchesne, L. Duchesne, C. Eimers, D. Houle, D. Jeffries, G. Likens, S. Norton, D. Schwede, J. Shanley, K.Weathers and R. Vet. 2009. Discrepancies in Watershed S Budgets in Southeast Canada and Northeast U.S.: A Comparison of Mass-Balance Approach. Abstract for American Geophysical Union (AGU) Meeting, San Francisco, CA. December 2008; and National Atmospheric Deposition Program (NADP), Saratoga Springs, October 2009.
  219. Butler, T., G. E. Likens, M. Rury, G. Lear and C. Lehmann. 2010. AMoN: An initial look at the first two years. National Atmospheric Deposition Program (NADP) Abstract. Lake Tahoe, CA.
  220. Torgersen, C. E., G. E. Likens, D. C. Buso, K. J. McGuire and W. H. Lowe. 2010. Linking network patterns and processes of streamwater chemistry across scales in Hubbard Brook Valley. Abstract for Joint Meeting of American Society of Limnology and Oceanography (ASLO) and North American Benthological Society (NABS), Aquatic Sciences: Global Changes from the Center to the Edge, p. 233. Santa Fe, NM. June 2010.
  221. Yanai, R. D., C. R. Levine, M. Green, J. Campbell, T. Fahey, D. Buso and G. E. Likens. 2010. Uncertainty analysis of the phosphorus budget at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire. Abstract for Annual Meeting of Ecological Society of America, Pittsburgh, PA. August 2010.
  222. Argerich, A., S. L. Johnson, S. D. Sebestyen, C. C. Rhoades, J. D. Knoepp, E. A. Greathouse, M. B. Adams, J. Campbell, W. H. McDowell, G. E. Likens and G. Ice. 2011. Trends in stream nitrate concentration and responses to disturbances in human-impacted basins across U.S. Abstract North American Benthological Society (NABS), Providence, RI. May 2011.
  223. Argerich, A., S. L. Johnson, S. D. Sebestyen, C. C. Rhoades, E. A. Greathouse, M. B. Adams, D. M. Amatya, J. L. Campbell, G. G. Ice, J. B. Jones, J. D. Knoepp, G. E. Likens, W. H. McDowell and P. M. Wohlgemuth. 2011. Temporal trends in stream N concentrations and biogeochemical responses to disturbances in long-term reference watersheds. Abstract for Eighth National Water Quality Monitoring Conference (NWQMC), 'Water: One Resource - Shared Effort - Common Future.' Portland, OR. May 2012.
  224. Argerich, A., S. L. Johnson, S. D. Sebestyen, C. C. Rhoades, E. A. Greathouse, J. B. Jones, J. D. Knoepp, M. B. Adams, G. E. Likens, J. L. Campbell, W. H. McDowell, G. G. Ice, D. M. Amatya and P. M. Wohlgemuth. 2011. Temporal Trends in Stream N Concentrations and Responses to Disturbances in US Forested Reference Watersheds. Abstract and Poster, AGU Meetings.
  225. Argerich, A., S. L. Johnson, S. D. Sebestyen, C. C. Rhoades, J. D. Knoepp, E. A. Greathouse, M. B. Adams, G. E. Likens, J. Campbell, W. H. McDowell, G. G. Ice, D. M. Amatya and P. M. Wohlgemuth. 2011. Trends in stream dissolved inorganic nitrogen in forested reference basins across U.S. Abstract for 7th Symposium for Freshwater European Sciences, Girona, Catalonia, Spain. June 2011.
  226. Campbell, J. S., G. E. Likens, D. C. Buso and S. D. Sebestyen. 2011. Climate-induced changes in the timing of streamwater nutrient export at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire, USA. Abstract, 96th Annual Meeting of Ecological Society of America, Austin, TX. August 2011.
  227. Green, M., D. C. Buso, J. Campbell, C. R. Levine and R. D. Yanai. 2011. Long-term trends in uncertainty of element fluxes at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest. Abstract, 96th Annual Meeting of Ecological Society of America, Austin, TX. August 2011.
  228. Sebestyen, S. D., S. L. Johnson, C. C. Rhoades, J. Knoepp, J. Vose, A. Argerich, E. Greathouse, G. Ice, D. Amatya, J. Campbell, P. Edwards, J. Jones, G. E. Likens, W. McDowell and P. Wohlgemuth. 2011. Synthesizing stream chemistry data. XXV IUGG General Assembly: Earth on the Edge: Science for a Sustainable Planet Melbourne, Australia. Abstract and Poster.
  229. Likens, G. E. and D. C. Buso. 2012. Determining the elusive baseline for surface water chemistry at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest. Abstract for Ecological Society of America Meeting, Portland, OR. August 2012.
  230. Argerich, A., S. L. Johnson, S. D. Sebestyen, C. C. Rhoades, E. A. Greathouse, P. M. Wohlgemuth, F. N. Scatena, W. H. McDowell, G. E. Likens, J. D. Knoepp, J. B. Jones, G. G. Ice, J. L. Campbell, D. M. Amatya and M. B. Adams. 2012. Effects of forest disturbances on stream nitrate concentrations. Abstract for Ecological Society of America Meeting, Portland, OR. August 2012.
  231. Campbell, J., R. Yanai, M. Green, G. E. Likens, D. Buso, C. See and B. Barr. 2013. Quantifying Uncertainty in the Net Hydrologic Flux of Calcium at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire, USA. Abstract and Poster for Amer. Geophys. Union Meeting.
  232. Groffman, P., G. E. Likens, D. Buso, M. Fisk, M. Green and C. Beier. 2013. Bioenergy and resilience in the northern hardwood forest. American Geophysical Union Poster.
  233. Likens, G. E. and D. C. Buso. 2013. Long-term chemical changes in Mirror Lake. SIL Abstract, Budapest, Hungary. August 2013.
  234. Likens, G. E. 2014. The Hubbard Brook Ecosystem Study - Interactions among air, land and water. Abstract for ASLO's Alfred C. Redfield Lifetime Achievement Award Acceptance Talk. 2014 Joint Aquatic Sciences Meeting, Portland, OR.
  235. Marinos, R., E. S. Bernhardt, E. Rosi-Marshall and G. E. Likens. 2014. Algae bloom where no algae grew before: why Hubbard Brook streams are turning green. Abstract for 2014 Joint Aquatic Sciences Meeting, Portland, OR.

RESEARCH GRANTS

  1. Project Associate - 'Radioisotope exchange studies in lakes.' AEC AT(1101)-1133: 1962.
  2. Co-investigator - 'Physical limnology of Antarctic lakes.' NSF GB 24093: 1962-1963.
  3. Co-principal investigator - 'Hydrologic-mineral cycle interaction in a small watershed.' NSF GB 1144: 1963-1966; GB 4169: 1965-1967.
  4. Principal Investigator - 'Primary succession in some Alaskan lakes.' USA CRREL - DA-AMC-27-021-64-G9: 1964-1965.
  5. Principal Investigator - 'A limnological study of some Alaskan lakes.' USA-CRREL - DA-AMC-27-021-65-G17: 1965-1966.
  6. Principal Investigator - 'Geothermal heat flow in lakes.' NSF GB 3666: 1965-1966.
  7. Principal Investigator - 'Hydrologic-mineral cycle interaction in small undisturbed and man-manipulated ecosystems (watersheds).' NSF GB 6757: 1967-1969; GB 14325: 1969-1971. GB 30967X: 1971-1973; GB 40716: 1973-1974; BMS 74-20561: 1975-1976; BSR-8341136: 1981-1984; BSR-8406632: 1984-1988; BSR-8807960: 1988-1993; 1993-1998.
  8. Principal Investigator - 'A study of the nutrient inputs into Cayuga Lake and Seneca Lake, New York.' OWRR 14-31-0001-3232: 1970-1972; OWRR 14-31-0001-3832: 1972-1973.
  9. Principal Investigator - 'Calibration of collection procedures for determination of precipitation chemistry.' NOAA 04-4-022-31: 1974-1975; 04-5-022-24: 1975-1980.
  10. Principal Investigator - 'Man's influence on the deposition of toxic metals in Adirondack lake sediments.' USDI 14-34-0001-6033: 1976.
  11. Principal Investigator - 'Collaborative Research: Hydrologic-nutrient cycle interactions, Part Two.' NSF DEB 76-10542; BMS 74-20561; BMS 74-20572: 1976-1978. 'Collaborative Research: Hydrologic-nutrient cycle interaction in small undisturbed and man-manipulated ecosystems.' NSF DEB 78-10719; DEB 79-17236: 1978-1981.
  12. Co-principal Investigator - 'The Acid Precipitation Experiment (APEX).' NSF ATM 77-23757/NCAR S9010: 1979-1980.
  13. Principal Investigator - 'Stream acidification.' International Paper Company Foundation: 1979-1980.
  14. Principal Investigator - 'Accelerated decomposition in the forest floor of northern hardwoods following clearcutting.' McIntire-Stennis Project 183-6559: 1979-1983.
  15. Principal Investigator - 'Experimental field studies to evaluate the effects of acidification of a stream ecosystem.' EPA CR807104010: 1980-1981.
  16. Co-principal Investigator - 'Exploratory studies of acid rain on the structure, function and biogeochemistry of the northern hardwood ecosystem at Hubbard Brook.' The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation: 1980-1993.
  17. Principal Investigator - 'Support of the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest as a national field research facility.' NSF DEB-8122050: 1982-1983; BSR-8307849: 1983-1987.
  18. Co-principal Investigator -'Global Trends Network: The Global Precipitation Chemistry Project.' National Acid Precipitation Assessment, Program Code, NOAA: 1979-1991.
  19. Principal Investigator - 'Operation and Research at the Ithaca MAP3S Regional Precipitation Chemistry Site.' U.S. Department of Energy DE-FG02-85ER60292: 1984-1991.
  20. Principal Investigator -- First Cary Conference on the 'Status and Future of Ecosystem Science.' NSF BSR-8500442: 1985-1986.
  21. Principal Investigator - 'Support of ad hoc committee on acid rain: science and policy.' Mary Flagler Cary Charitable Trust: 1984-1985.
  22. Principal Investigator - 'Cloud water project.' The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation: 1985-1988.
  23. Co-principal Investigator -- 'Mountain cloud chemistry project.' U.S. EPA/Sciences Research Center, SUNY Albany. EPA 685/60107: 1985-1987.
  24. Co-principal Investigator - 'Evaluation and regulation of nutrient sources for Mirror Lake.' NSF BSR-8516879: 1986-1989.
  25. Principal Investigator - 'Response of tropical rain forest watersheds to harvesting.' USDA Forest Service, Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico; Cooperative Agreement 19-86-074: 1986-1990.
  26. Principal Investigator -- Second Cary Conference on 'Long-term Studies in Ecology: Approaches and Alternatives.' NSF BSR-8702772: 1987-1988.
  27. Principal Investigator - 'Air monitoring for dry deposition.' Environmental Science & Engineering, Inc., S86-612-10: 1987-1991.
  28. Principal Investigator - 'A study of cloud water chemistry at various North American sites.' The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation: 1984.
  29. Principal Investigator - 'Long-term Ecological Research [LTER] at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest.' Subcontract from Cornell University, NSF OSP4432: 1988-1992; 1992-1998; 1998-2016.
  30. Co-principal Investigator - 'Rehabilitation management and public access study of The New York Botanical Garden forest.' High Winds Fund: 1985-1989.
  31. Co-principal Investigator - 'The New York Botanical Forest Project.' Lila Wallace Reader's Digest Fund: 1991-1993.
  32. Co-principal Investigator - Third Cary Conference on 'Comparative Analyses of Ecosystems: Patterns, Mechanisms, and Theories.' NSF BSR-8900400: 1989.
  33. Co-principal Investigator - 'Phosphorus release from sediments in aquatic ecosystems: A cross-system study.' NSF BSR- : 1990-1992.
  34. Co-principal investigator - Fourth Cary Conference on 'Human versus Natural Influences on Ecosystems: Implications for Theory and Practice.' NSF, 1991-1992.
  35. Principal Investigator - 'Antarctic Dry Valleys: Terrestrial and Limnetic Ecosystems Conference.' NSF Subcontract from National Aeronautics and Space Administration: 1991.
  36. Principal Investigator - 'The role of atmospheric flux of chemicals to natural ecosystems in remote regions.' NOAA Subcontract from the University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia: 1991-1992.
  37. Principal Investigator - 'Long-Term Monitoring of Critical Environmental Problems.' General Reinsurance Corporation: 1991-1999.
  38. Co-principal Investigator - 'Soil Microbial Ecology Program at the Institute of Ecosystem Studies.' The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation: 1990-1998.
  39. Co-principal Investigator - 'Effects of watershed liming on lake productivity and trophic interactions.' USDI Fish and Wildlife Service: 1990-1992.
  40. Co-principal Investigator - 'Acid rain research in the Adirondacks.' Marjorie and Philip Litchfield: 1991-1992.
  41. Co-principal Investigator -- Fifth Cary Conference on 'Linking Species and Ecosystems.' NSF: 1993-1994.
  42. Co-principal Investigator - 'Historical development of an old-growth stand in the White Mountain National Forest.' USDA Forest Service: 1993.
  43. Co-principal Investigator - 'Mesocosm experiments at the Oneida Lake Research Station.' Subcontract from Cornell University: 1991-1994.
  44. Principal Investigator - 'The Transport and Fate of Trifluoroacetate (TFA) in a Forested Watershed at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire: A Quantitative, Mass-Balanced Approach.' E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Co., Inc.: 1993-1995.
  45. Principal Investigator - "Operation of the NDDN Site #110, Ithaca, New York." Environmental Protection Agency/QST. 1992-2008.
  46. Principal Investigator - "Research in Connection with CASTNet-Site 510." Environmental Protection Agency/QST. 1993-2011.
  47. Principal Investigator - "Research on Biogeochemical Processes, Effects of Changing Air and Precipitation Chemistry on Ecosystems, Processes Underlying Ecosystem Structure and Development Such As Nitrogen Fixation, Base Cation Loss and Weathering, Ecological Processes Governing Aquatic and Terrestrial Ecosystems, the Effects of Land Use on Ecosystem Structure, Function and Development, and on Other Related Studies Which Are Part of the Hubbard Brook Ecosystem Study." The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. 1993-1999; 2000-2007.
  48. Principal Investigator - "Hubbard Brook Research Foundation." [Funding - Various] 1990-1999.
  49. Principal Investigator - "Robert S. Pierce Fund." [Funding - Various] 1990-1999.
  50. Principal Investigator - "LTREB: Collaborative Research: Hydrologic-Nutrient Cycle Interaction in Small, Undisturbed and Human-Manipulated Ecosystems." National Science Foundation. 1993-1998; 1998-2013.
  51. Principal Investigator - "Monitoring Precipitation Chemistry at Ithaca Site." National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. 1992-2011.
  52. Principal Investigator - "General Operating Support." Merrill Lynch & Co. Foundation, Inc. 1992-1998.
  53. Principal Investigator - "Field Research Expenses for the Graduate Training Program in Human-Accelerated Environmental Change." The Laurel Foundation. 1996-2007.
  54. Principal Investigator - "Development Program at the Institute of Ecosystem Studies." Mary Flagler Cary Charitable Trust. 1997-2003.
  55. Principal Investigator - "Capital Campaign for the Construction of a New Laboratory Building and Funding off the G.E. Hutchinson Chair." Mary Flagler Cary Charitable Trust. 1997-2003.
  56. Co-Principal Investigator - "Atmospheric Controls on Nutrient Cycles in Remote, Old-Growth, Temperate Forests of Southern Chile." The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. 1997-2005.
  57. Principal Investigator - 'Director's Program for Visiting Distinguished Scientists.' Ullman, 1998-2008.
  58. Principal Investigator - 'Ecosystem Function in Mosaic Landscapes: Boundaries, Fluxes, and Transformations.' The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. 1998-2007.
  59. Principal Investigator - 'The Role of Calcium Supply in the Structure and Function of a Northern Hardwood Forest.' NSF Subcontract through Syracuse University, 1998-2004.
  60. Principal Investigator - 'Regional scale impacts of Phases I and II of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990: The relationship between wet and dry depositions of H+, sulfur and nitrogen compounds, and changes in emissions of SO2 and NOx.' Environmental Protection Agency. 1998-2004.
  61. Co-Principal Investigator - "Feedbacks between calcium cycling and canopy tree dynamics in northern temperate forests." National Science Foundation, DEB-9815390. 1999-2004.
  62. Principal Investigator - 'Metabolism transport of carbon and nutrients in the Hudson River Estuary.' Hudson River Foundation. Subcontract through Cornell University. 1996-2001.
  63. Principal Investigator - "NDDN [National Dry Deposition Network] at Hubbard Brook: Monitoring Site 109." Environmental Protection Agency, 1998-2011.
  64. Principal Investigator - "FSML: Facilities Improvement at the Institute of Ecosystem Studies." National Science Foundation, DBI-9978240. 1999-2001.
  65. Principal Investigator - "Colder Soils in a Warmer World: A Snow Manipulation in a Northern Hardwood Forest Ecosystem." National Science Foundation. 2000-2004.
  66. Principal Investigator - "Synthesis of Data Concerning the Ecosystem Functioning of the North Caspian Sea." Subcontract through Cornell University, Tengichevroil. 2002-2003.
  67. Principal Investigator - "Hubbard Brook Workshop on Stream Ecology." The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. 2003-2004.
  68. Principal Investigator - "The Role of Hydrologic Inputs in the Balance of Carbon Dioxide in Small Lakes." National Science Foundation/CFDA, EAR-0309257. 2004.
  69. Principal Investigator - "Hubbard Brook National Dry Deposition Network." Monitoring Site 109, QST, EPA, Agreement S687D98112/68d-03-052. 1998-2007.
  70. Principal Investigator - "OPUS: A Synthesis of five decades of biogeochemical research in a northern hardwood forest ecosystem. NSF, 2011-2013.

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Photo: Courtesy Gene Elden Likens

Name: Gene Elden Likens
Birth: 6 January 1935 Pierceton, Indiana USA
Title: Director and President and G. Evelyn Hutchinson Chair in Ecology
Affiliation: Institute of Ecosystem Studies
Citation: "For his discovery of acid rain in North America and his sustained leadership in developing the fields of ecology and ecosystem science." Presented by President George W. Bush in a White House East Room ceremony on June 12, 2002."
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Patents: Likens has not patented his discoveries