The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1988
National Medal of Science - Chemistry 1991
Chemist, Pharmacologist. Discovered principles for drug treatment; developed drugs - anticancer, immunosuppressive, antiviral, antibacterial, anti-gout, anti-malarial. Purines.
"I was a child with an insatiable thirst for knowledge. My beloved grandfather died of cancer when I was 15. I was highly motivated to discover a cure for this terrible disease".
Gertrude Elion's hobbies were photography, travelling, music, ballet and theater.
When Gertrude was a child, her family did not take much vacations. It is only later when she travelled fairly widely in the world, that her curiosity regarding the rest of the world was satisfied. Elion was not musically talented but she loved to listen to music. She loved opera and subscribed to the Metropolitan Opera for over 40 years. She also loved ballet and theater. Upon 'officially retiring', in addition to other work, Elion loved to teach. As Research Professor of Medicine and Pharmacology at Duke University, she mentored third-year medical students in tumor biochemistry and pharmacology
Name: Gertrude Belle Elion
Birth: 23 January 1918, New York, NY, USA
Death: 21 February 1999, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
Institution: Wellcome Research Laboratories, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA
Award: "for their discoveries of important principles for drug treatment"
Portion of cash: 1/3
History of Discovery
Honoring Gertrude Elion