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Nobelists' Medal Cash Philanthropy

What Nobelists do with their Nobel Prize Medal and Cash and their Philanthropy

Alfred Nobel

Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

Alfred Nobel

Chemist, Inventor, Awesome Administrator, Social Reformer.

"It could and should soon come to pass that all states pledge themselves collectively to attack an aggressor. That would make war impossible, and would force even the most brutal and unreasonable Power to appeal to a court of arbitration, or else keep quiet."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Smith

Photo Bengt Nyman, Wiki.

George Smith

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2018
Nobel co-recipients: Frances H. Arnold, Sir Gregory P. Winter

"for the phage display of peptides and antibodies."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Ohsumi

Photo Bengt Nyman, Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins PaintHistory.com

Yoshinori Ohsumi

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2016

Award: "for his discoveries of mechanisms for autophagy."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Omura

Photo Bengt Nyman, Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins PaintHistory.com

Satoshi Omura

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2015
Nobel co-recipient: William C. Campbell, Tu Youyou

Award: "for their discoveries concerning a novel therapy against infections caused by roundworm parasites."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Satyarthi

Photo Foreign & Commonwealth Office, Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins PaintHistory.com

Kailash Satyarthi

The Nobel Peace Prize 2014
Co-nobelist: Malala Yousafzai

Prize motivation: "for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Phippips

Photo: © Nobel Foundation

Eugene F. Fama Ph.D., MBA

The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economics Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2013
Nobel co-recipients Lars Peter Hansen, Robert J. Shiller

Economist. Empirical analysis of asset prices. Influenced development of index funds. Father of modern finance. Idea is 'how do you measure risk?' Windsurfing, golf, opera.

In University of Chicago - Economics. Environment so productive. "We have good people, you need that; very interactive environment; people help one another out a lot. I couldn't do what I did without the help of my professors, colleagues and students. Everybody contributes to everybody else."

Nobel Prize Cash and Philanthropy

Schekman

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Randy Schekman

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2013
Nobel co-recipients: James E. Rothman, Thomas C. Südhof

Award: "for their discoveries of machinery regulating vesicle traffic, a major transport system in our cells."

Nobel Prize Cash and Philanathropy

John B. Gurdon

Photo Deryck Chan, courtesy to cameraman Sien Yi Tan. Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory,com

Sir John B. Gurdon Kt DPhil DSc FRS

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2012
Nobel co-recipient Shinya Yamanaka

Developmental Biologist. Mature cells can be reprogrammed to become pluripotent. Hobbies: Outdoor sports, mountaineering, travelling, but not theatre, music, reading.

At age15, damning school report: …he will not listen, but will insist in doing his work his own way…has ideas of becoming a Scientist…waste of time for him and teachers.

`Know Thyself

Nobel Medal Cash and philanthropy

Yamanaka

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Shinya Yamanaka

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2012
Nobel co-recipient: Sir John B. Gurdon

Award: "for the discovery that mature cells can be reprogrammed to become pluripotent."

Nobel Medal Cash and philanthropy

Karman

Photo Frank Plitt, Cesar; Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins PaintHistory.com

Tawakkol Karman

The Nobel Peace Prize 2011
Co-nobelists: Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Leymah Gbowee

Prize motivation: "for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women's rights to full participation in peace-building work."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

sirleaf

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Ellen Sirleaf

The Nobel Peace Prize 2011
Co-nobelists: Leymah Gbowee, Tawakkol Karman

Prize motivation: "for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women's rights to full participation in peace-building work."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Negishi

Photo U Montan nobelprize.org. Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

Ei-ichi Negishi

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2010
Nobel Co recipients Richard F. Heck, Akira Suzuki

Organic Chemist. Inventor of organozinc variant of the palladium catalyzed cross-coupling reaction. Read voraciously including "how to …" publications. Dreamt of Nobel half century prior to being awarded prize. Upon arriving in US and discovering Nobelists visiting UPenn, realized that being awarded the Nobel could happen to anybody including himself.

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Blackburn

Photo: Science History Inst., Conrad Erb. Painting Tim Tompkins - Paint History.com

Elizabeth M. Blackburn

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2009
Nobel co-recipients: Carol W. Greider, Jack W. Szostak

Award: "for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase"

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Szostak

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Jack Szostak

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2009
Nobel co-recipients: Elizabeth H. Blackburn, Carol W. Greider

Award: "for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Montagnier

Photo Prolineserver, Wikipedia. Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

Luc Montagnier

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2008
Nobel co-recipients: Harald zur Hausen, Françoise Barré-Sinoussi

Prize: "for their discovery of human immunodeficiency virus."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Baare-Sinoussi

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Francoise Barre-Sinoussi

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2008
Nobel co-recipients: Harald zur Hausen, Luc Montagnier

Award: "for their discovery of human immunodeficiency virus."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Ahtisaari

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Martti Ahtisaari

The Nobel Peace Prize 2008

Peace broker. Peacefully ended conflicts worldwide. Namibia’s independence from South Africa following war. Yugoslavia - end to the war in Kosovo. Indonesia - Aceh Peace Accord following war. Founded Crisis Management Initiative.

“Peace is question of will. All conflicts can be settled. No excuses for allowing them to become eternal.”

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Smithies>

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Oliver Smithies

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2007
Nobel co-recipients: Mario R. Capecchi, Sir Martin J. Evans

Award: "for their discoveries of principles for introducing specific gene modifications in mice by the use of embryonic stem cells."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Evans>

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Martin J. Evans

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2007
Nobel co-recipients: Mario R. Capecchi, Oliver Smithies

Prize: "for their discoveries of principles for introducing specific gene modifications in mice by the use of embryonic stem cells."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

John Mather

Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.org

John C. Mather Ph.D.

The Nobel Prize in Physics 2006
Nobel Prize also awarded to George F. Smoot

Physicist - Astrophysics, Instrumentation. COBE, Blackbody form and anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation.

"For years I had successfully repelled all challenges to my concentration on one overwhelming responsibility. Now, it was done, and I switched my attention to ..."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

ElBaradei

Mohamed Mustafa ElBaradei Photo IAEA, Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins PaintHistory.com

Mohamed ElBaradei JSD

The Nobel Peace Prize 2005
Joint awardee: International Atomic Energy Agency

Attorney, Egyptian Diplomat. ‘Prevent military use of nuclear energy, ensure nuclear energy used safely for peace.’ Worked in UN. Director General, IAEA. IAEA: ‘to accelerate, enlarge atomic energy contribution to peace, health, prosperity throughout world.’

“Durable peace is not a single achievement, but an environment, a process and a commitment.”

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Marshall

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Barry J. Marshall

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2005
Co Nobelists: J. Robin Warren

Award: "for their discovery of the bacterium Helicobacter pylori and its role in gastritis and peptic ulcer disease."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Warren

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Robin Warren

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2005
Nobel co-recipient: Barry J. Marshall

Award: "for their discovery of the bacterium Helicobacter pylori and its role in gastritis and peptic ulcer disease."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy


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John Sulston

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2002
Nobel co-recipients: Sydney Brenner, H. Robert Horvitz

Award: "for their discoveries concerning genetic regulation of organ development and programmed cell death'."

Nobel Medal Cash and philanthropy

Nurse

Photo Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins PaintHistory.com

Sir Paul Nurse

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2001
Nobel co-recipients: Leland Hartwell, Tim Hunt

Award: "for their discoveries of key regulators of the cell cycle."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Greengard

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Paul Greengard

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2000
Nobel co-recipients: Arvid Carlsson, Eric Kandel

Prize: "for their discoveries concerning signal transduction in the nervous system."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Dae-jung

Photo Kremlin.ru, Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins PaintHistory.com

Kim Dae-jung

The Nobel Peace Prize 2000

President, S. Korea, ‘Sunshine Politician’. ‘Democracy, human rights in South Korea, East Asia; peace, reconciliation with North Korea.’ Assassination attempts. Jailed. Exiled in US.

“King is son of heaven. Heaven sent him to serve people with just rule. If he unjust, oppresses people, people have right to dispose of him.”

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Kandel

Photo Bengt Oberger, Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

Eric Kandel

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2000
Co Nobelists: Arvid Carlsson, Paul Greengard

Award: "for their discoveries concerning signal transduction in the nervous system."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Blobel

Photo: Blobel Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

Günter Blobel

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1999

Award: "for the discovery that proteins have intrinsic signals that govern their transport and localization in the cell."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Furchgott

Photo: J.A. Jzburovich SUNY Downstate Med Ctr. Wiki.

Robert F. Furchgott

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1998
Nobel co-recipients: Louis J. Ignarro, Ferid Murad

Prize: "for their discoveries concerning nitric oxide as a signalling molecule in the cardiovascular system."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Murad

Photo Jeff Dahl, Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins PaintHistory.com

Ferid Murad

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1998
Nobel co-recipients: Robert F. Furchgott, Louis J. Ignarro

Prize: "for their discoveries concerning nitric oxide as a signalling molecule in the cardiovascular system."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Belo

Photo Jose Fernando Real. Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins PaintHistory.com

Carlos Belo

The Nobel Peace Prize 1996
Co-nobelists: José Ramos-Horta

“Nations will proclaim his wisdom; the assembly will celebrate his praises. If he lives long, his name will be more glorious than a thousand others, and if he dies, that will satisfy him just as well” (Wisdom 39, 10-11)

“… it expresses with deep significance the memory of the man we remember this day whose esteemed Peace Prize bears his name. Today, 10th December, we celebrate the centennial anniversary of the death of a wise benefactor of humanity, a peace worker, Alfred Nobel.” - Nobel Lecture, Nobel foundation.

Nobel Medal and Philanthropy

Volhard

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Christiane Nusslein-Volhard

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1995
Nobel co-recipients: Edward B. Lewis, Eric F. Wieschaus

Award: "for their discoveries concerning the genetic control of early embryonic development."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Rodbell

Painting Tim Tompkins PaintHistory.com

Martin Rodbell

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1994
Nobel co-recipient: Alfred G. Gilman

Award: "for their discovery of G-proteins and the role of these proteins in signal transduction in cells."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Kyi

Photo Claude TRUONG-NGOC, Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

Aung San Suu Kyi

The Nobel Peace Prize 1991

Prize motivation: "for her non-violent struggle for democracy and human rights."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Murray

Photo Wikipedia. Painting Tim Tompkins PaintHistory.com

Joseph E. Murray

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1990
Nobel co-recipient: E. Donnall Thomas

"for their discoveries concerning organ and cell transplantation in the treatment of human disease."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthopy

Thomas>

Photo Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins PaintHistory.com

Donnall Thomas

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1990
Nobel co-recipient: Joseph E. Murray

Award: "for their discoveries concerning organ and cell transplantation in the treatment of human disease."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Hitchiing

Photo Wikipedia. Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

George H. Hitchings

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1988
Co Nobelists Sir James W. Black, Gertrude B. Elion

Chemist, Pharmacologist. Discovered principles for drug treatment; developed drugs - anticancer, immunosuppressive, antiviral, antibacterial, anti-gout, anti-malarial. Purines. 6-mercaptopurine, Imuran, allopurinol, pyramethamine, trimethoprim, Acyclovir.

“My greatest satisfaction … save lives, relieve suffering. At baptism, my father dedicated my life to service of mankind. Very proud … able to fulfill his hopes.”

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Levi-Montacini

Photo Bernard Becker Med Library, Washington U SOM, Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins PaintHistory.com

Rita Levi-Montalcini

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1986
Nobel co-recipients: Stanley Cohen

Prize: "for their discoveries of growth factors."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthrophy

Myrdal

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Alva Myrdal

The Nobel Peace Prize 1982
Co-nobelist: Alfonso García Robles

Diplomat, Innovator, Writer. Disarmament, Nuclear Weapons-Free Zones. Technology and growth in violence. Women's rights. Swedish Ambassador to India. Insightful.

“Never forget trampling down of human dignity, rights, increase in acts of violence, torture use, testifies to persistence in contempt for suffering of individual men and women.”
“Down with nuclear weapons!”

Nobel Prize Cash and Philanthropy

Benacerraf

Photo: NLM, Painting Tim Tompkins - Painthistory.com

Baruj Benacerraf M.D.

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1980
Nobel co-recipients: Jean Dausset, George D. Snell
National Medal of Science - Biological Sciences 1990

Physician, Scientist - Immunologist, teacher, remarkable leader. Discovered genetically determined structures on the cell surface that regulate immunological reactions.

“Baruj did not always get on well with those in authority, often because he felt he could do their jobs so much better than they did …”

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Esquivel

Drawing Samyuktha Krishna

Adolfo Pérez Esquivel

The Nobel Peace Prize 1980

Human Rights Leader, Architect, Sculptor. Believed in nonviolence. Fought for indigenous peoples.

“It is essential to have inner peace and the serenity of prayer to listen to the silence of God, which speaks to us, in our personal life and the history of our times, of the power of love.”

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Dausett

Photo: Dutch Nat'l Archives. Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

Jean Dausset

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1980
Nobel co-recipients: Baruj Benacerraf, George D. Snell

Award: "for their discoveries concerning genetically determined structures on the cell surface that regulate immunological reactions."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Hounsfield

Photo Wikipedia. Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

Godfrey N. Hounsfield

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1979
Co Nobelists Allan M. Cormack

Award: "for the development of computer assisted tomography."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Werner

Photo Wiki Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

Alber Werner

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1978

Award: "for the discovery of restriction enzymes and their application to problems of molecular genetics."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Williams

Photo Kingkongphoto & www.celebrity-photos.com, Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins PaintHistory.com

Betty Williams

The Nobel Peace Prize 1976
Co-nobelist: Mairead Corrigan

Role: Founder of the Northern Ireland Peace Movement (later renamed Community of Peace People)
Betty Williams and Mairead Corrigan received their Nobel Prize one year later, in 1977.

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Corrigan

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Mairead Corrigan

The Nobel Peace Prize 1976
Co-Nobelist: Betty Williams

Role: Founder of the Northern Ireland Peace Movement (later renamed Community of Peace People)
Betty Williams and Mairead Corrigan received their Nobel Prize one year later, in 1977.

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

MacBride

Photo Bogaerts, Rob; Anefo. Dutch Nat’l Archives, Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins PaintHistory.com

Sean MacBride

The Nobel Peace Prize 1974
Co-nobelist: Eisaku Sato

Role: President of the Commission of Namibia, United Nations, New York, USA, President of the International Peace Bureau, Geneva, Switzerland

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Yalow

Photo USIA, Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins PaintHistory.com

Rosalyn Yalow

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1977
Nobel co-recipients: Roger Guillemin, Andrew V. Schally

Award: "for the development of radioimmunoassays of peptide hormones."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Tinbergen

Photo: Wikipedia. Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

Nikolaas Tinbergen Ph.D.

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1973
Co-nobelist Karl von Frisch, Konrad Lorenz

Biologist - Ornithologist. Discovered ‘organization and elicitation of individual and social behavior patterns’. Sticklebacks fish. Bee wolf, a digger wasp, Philanthus Triangulum. Adventurous. Elder brother Jan Tinbergen is Economics Nobelist, 1969, the first year the Economics prize was awarded. Both awarded at age 66yrs.

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Kuznets

Drawing: Ami Mowris

Simon S. Kuznets Ph.D.

The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1971

Economist and Statistician. Interpreted economic growth in a manner which helped better understand economic and social structure.

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Holley

Photo Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

Robert W. Holley Ph.D.

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1968
Nobel co-recipients: H. Gobind Khorana, Marshall W. Nirenberg

Organic Chemist. 'Interpreted genetic code and its function in protein synthesis' First chemical synthesis of penicillin. Research: amino acids, peptides, protein biosynthesis. Discovered and isolated tRNA [transfer RNA] - alanine transfer RNA.

Medal, Cash, Philanthropy

Casson

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René Cassin

The Nobel Peace Prize 1968

Jurist, Judge, Humanitarian, Internationalist. Father of the Declaration of Human Rights.

'As a child I was filled with passionate admiration for acts of civic courage I had seen performed by an elderly military doctor, who was a friend of my family.” - René Cassin

Medal Cash and Philanthropy

King

Wikipedia

Martin Luther King Jr.

The Nobel Peace Prize 1964

Award: The Nobel Peace Prize 1964 was awarded to Martin Luther King Jr."

Medal, Cash, Philanthropy

Watson

Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

James D. Watson

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1962
The President's National Medal of Sciences - Biological Sciences 1997

Co-Nobelists Francis Crick, Maurice Wilkins

Zoologist. ‘Discovered molecular structure of nucleic acids and its significance for information transfer in living material.’ Very generous with subordinates regarding authorship of articles.

“Good science is difficult. We must believe strongly in our ideas.”

Medal, Cash and Philanthropy

Bekesy

Painting Tim Tompkins PaintHistory.com

Georg von Békésy Ph.D. [Physics]

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1961

Physicist, Communication engineer. Psychophysiology of hearing. Physical mechanism of stimulation within cochlea, a frequency analyzer. Accidental selection of science field. Technically skillful, elegant experimental design. He nuisance to autopsy room, mechanical workshops.

"Found inner ear beautiful under stereoscopic microscope. It was pleasure of beauty that made me stick to ear."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Shockley

Chuck Painter / Stanford News Service

William B. Shockley Ph.D.

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1956
Nobel co-recipients John Bardeen, Walter H. Brattain

Award: "for their researches on semiconductors and their discovery of the transistor effect"

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Krebs

Photo Wiki. Painting: Tim Tomkins - Painthistory.com

Hans Krebs M.D.

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1953
Co-Nobelists Fritz Lipmann

Physician, Biochemist. Discovered citric acid cycle in which nutrients are converted to chemical energy molecules which are converted to ATP used in chemical processes. Krebs-Henseleit cycle.

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Bunche

Photo Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins PaintHistory.com

Ralph Bunche

The Nobel Peace Prize 1950

Role: Acting Mediator in Palestine, 1948, Director, division of Trusteeship, U.N., Professor, Harvard University Cambridge, MA

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Orr

Photo Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins PaintHistory.com

Boyd Orr

The Nobel Peace Prize 1949

Role: Alimentary Politician, Physician, President, National Peace Council and World Union of Peace Organizations, Prominent organizer and Director, General Food and Agricultural Organization

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Balch

Photo Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins PaintHistory.com

Emily Balch

The Nobel Peace Prize 1946
Nobel co-recipient: John R. Mott

Role: Formerly Professor of History and Sociology, Honorary International President, Women's International League for Peace and Freedom

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Fleming

Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

Sir Alexander Fleming M.B., B.S.

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1945
Co-Nobelists: Ernst B. Chain, Sir Howard Florey

Physician - Bacteriologist, Immunologist. While researching Influenza virus, made ground breaking discovery: penicillin, by not neglecting chance observation - mould contaminating culture plate. WWI caused interest in Antiseptics. WWII, production cost was immaterial. Destiny.

Lone worker gets idea; details developed by team, but prime idea is due to enterprise, thought, perception of an individual.

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Alexander Fleming's Nobel Prize medal is in the National Museums of Scotland.

Domagk

Photo Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins PaintHistory.com

Gerhard Domagk

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1939

Award: "for the discovery of the antibacterial effects of prontosil."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Lamas

Photo Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins PaintHistory.com

Carlos Lamas

The Nobel Peace Prize 1936

Role: Foreign Minister, Mediator in a conflict between Paraguay and Bolivia, President of the Assembly of the League of Nations

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Henderson

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Arthur Henderson

The Nobel Peace Prize 1934

Role: ex-Foreign Secretary, President, Disarmament Conference in 1932

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Whipple

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George H. Whipple M.D.

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1934
Co-Nobalists George R. Minot, William P. Murphy

Physician; Pathologist. Pernicious anaemia liver therapy. Whipple Disease. Intestinal parasites. Blackwater fever. WWII, Chloroform anesthesia induced liver necrosis. Liver regeneration. Tuberculosis. Pancreatitis. Used Nobelists Joliot Curie’s, Fermi’s, E.O. Lawrence’s radioactive isotopes; discovered iron metabolism; protein metabolism, distribution, functions. Bile constituents. Red cell stroma.

Gentle. Quiet. Wanted to be remembered as teacher.

Nobel Medal Cash

Morgan

Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

Thomas H. Morgan Ph.D.

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1933

Zoologist, Geneticist. Chromosome role in heredity, sex determination. Drosophila. Genes stored in chromosomes in nuclei. Epigenetics. Combination rule. Limited number of combination groups. Crossing-over rule. Linear arrangement of genes in chromosomes.

Didn’t attend Nobel award ceremony, because in Caltech, busy establishing new physiology group and with future of biochemistry, genetics.

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Angell

Photo George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress), Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins PaintHistory.com

Norman Angell

The Nobel Peace Prize 1933

Role: Member, Commission Exécutive de la Société des Nations (Executive Committee of the League of Nations and of National Peace Council), Writer

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Addams

Photo Library of Congress, Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins PaintHistory.com

Jane Addams

The Nobel Peace Prize 1931
Co-Nobelists: Nicholas Murray Butler

Role: International President, Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, Sociologist

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Raman

Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman M.A. [Physics]

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1930

Atomic Physicist. Molecular Diffraction of Light. Raman Effect. Structure, optical behaviour of iridescent substances. Acoustics, violin.

Raman lost Nobel Prize money to fraudulent financer. Meeting fraudster years later, he said: You deserve Nobel Prize for your cunning in duping Nobel Laureate!

Playful comment: Unfortunately Economics Nobel instituted later in 1969!

Nobel Medal Cash

Buisson

Photo Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins PaintHistory.com

Ferdinand Buisson

The Nobel Peace Prize 1927
Nobel co-recipient: Ludwig Quidde

Role: Formerly Professor, Sorbonne University, Paris, Founder and President, Ligue des Droits de l'Homme (League for Human Rights)

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Briand

Photo PD Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins PaintHistory.com

Aristide Briand

The Nobel Peace Prize 1926
Nobel Co-recipient: Gustav Stresemann

Role: Foreign Minister, Part-originator of Locarno Pact and Briand-Kellogg Pact

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Ross

Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

Willem Einthoven, Physician

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1924

Physician, Physiologist. Discovered electrocardiogram [EKG/ECG] mechanism. It was known that heart generates weak electrical current varying in health, heart disease. Invented galvanometer recording these currents. Named electrical waves P, Q, R, S, T. [P petite; next letters in alphabet]. Interests: Physics, Acoustics, Asthma, Optics, Physical activity. Great concentration. Generous, Kind.

Nobel Medal, Cash & Philanthropy

Wilson

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Woodrow Wilson

The Nobel Peace Prize 1919

Role: Founder of the League of Nations, President of United States of America
Woodrow Wilson received his Nobel Prize one year later, in 1920.

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Assed

Photo Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins PaintHistory.com

Tobias Asser

The Nobel Peace Prize 1911
Nobel co-recipient: Alfred Fried

Role: Cabinet Minister, Initiator of the Conferences on International Private Law at the Hague, Lawyer

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Kocher

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Emil Theodor Kocher Physician

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1909

Physician, Surgeon. Award: “Thyroid physiology, pathology, surgery.” Lister’s principles. Relatively bloodless surgical field. “Kocher incision”. Recurrent laryngeal nerve damage: hoarseness; tetany, hypoparathyroidism. Myxedema: thyroid transplantation, tissue extracts injection, oral therapy.

Brain: damage, increased intra-cranial pressure, trepanation. Abdominal surgery. “Kocher mobilization”. Orthopedics: hereditary malformations, fracture. Hernia. Incision selection. Epilepsy. Osteomyelitis. Statistics.

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Laveran

Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran. Photo Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins PaintHistory.com

Alphonse Laveran Physician

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1907

Physician. "protozoa cause diseases." Malarial parasite discovery received with skepticism. Sleeping sickness. Trypanosomes in different animals, countries. 1914-1918 concern: troops’ health.

“After vain attempt to detect parasite in air, water, soil; cultivate in varied media, I became convinced: microbe was already present outside human body as parasite, probably of mosquitoes.”

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Michelson

Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

Albert A. Michelson Ph.D.

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1907

Award: "for their discoveries concerning nuclear shell structure"

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Monita

Photo Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

Ernesto Moneta

The Nobel Peace Prize 1907
Co Nobelists: Louis Renault

Award: President, Lombard League of Peace

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Roosevelt

Painting: Tim Tompkins PaintHistory.com

Theodore Roosevelt

The Nobel Peace Prize 1906

President, USA. International Peace Arbitrator, various treaties. Vigorous, businesslike. "We abhor bully, oppressor, in private or public life". Conservationist, protected 230,000,000 acres of public land.

After camping in Yosemite National Park, "It was like lying in a great solemn cathedral, far vaster and more beautiful than any built by man."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Cajal

Photo Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins PaintHistory.com

Santiago Cajal Doctor of Medicine, Ph.D.

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1906
Co-nobelist: Camillo Golgi

Physician, Anatomist, Pathologist, Artist. Discovered nervous system structure. Stained nerve cells with silver nitrate. Proved nerve cell’s independence, impulse travels from one cell to another by synapse. Barber’s, Shoemaker’s apprentice.

“Oh comforting solitude, how favorable thou art to original thought!”
“Outstanding work results from immense zeal applied to great idea.”
 

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Pavlov

Photo:Wikipedia Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

Ivan Pavlov

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1904

Award: "in recognition of his work on the physiology of digestion, through which knowledge on vital aspects of the subject has been transformed and enlarged."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Finsen

Photo Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins PaintHistory.com

Niels Ryberg Finsen M.D.

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1903

Physician. Founder, phototherapy in dermatology. Lupus vulgaris treatment. Researched salt. Despite having Niemann-Pick disease, strong willed, persevering.

Denmark early education - Rector: "Niels is a very nice boy. His gifts are small; he’s devoid of energy." Cause: fagging for older pupils. Moved to Iceland school; succeeded despite not knowing language.

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Ross

Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

Ronald Ross, Physician

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1902

Physician. Mosquitoes’ malarial parasites life-cycle. Mathematical models for epidemiology. Malaria prevention. Contributed to pure, applied mathematics.

‘My microscope was worn out, screws rusted with sweat from hands, forehead; remaining eye-piece cracked; invaluable oil-immersion lens remained good.’
‘Dingy military hospital, cracked microscope, medicine bottles - only laboratory and apparatus I possessed.’

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Behring

Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

Emil Adolf von Behring, Physician

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1901

Physician. Serum therapy, especially against diphtheria. Tuberculosis. Distinguished friends, associates: Friedrich Althoff, Prussian Under-Secretary, Education, Cultural Affairs; Ludolph Brauer, colleague, Internal Medicine, Marburg Medical Faculty; Friedrich Loeffler, bacteriologist; Ilya Mechnikov, 1908 Medicine Nobelist, Russian researcher, discovered phagocytosis, exchanged ideas; Émile Roux, Louis Pasteur’s pupil, researched diphtheria; Erich Wernicke, friend, colleague.

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Dunant

Photo Library of Congress, Wiki. Tim Tompkins PaintHistory.com

Henry Dunant

The Nobel Peace Prize 1901
Nobel co-recipient: Frédéric Passy

Role: Founder of the International Committee of the Red Cross, Geneva, Originator Geneva Convention (Convention de Genève)

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Annan

Photo US Govt. Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins PaintHistory.com

Kofi Annan

The Nobel Peace Prize 2001

“The Arab Spring reminds me of the decolonisation process where one country gets independence, and everybody else wants it.

“I am a stubborn optimist: I was born an optimist and will remain an optimist.

“The Lord had the wonderful advantage of being able to work alone.”
- Kofi Annan

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

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