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Nobelists' Medal Cash Philanthropy

What Nobelists do with their Nobel Prize Medal and Cash and their Philanthropy

Alfred Nobel

Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

Alfred Nobel

Chemist, Inventor, Awesome Administrator, Social Reformer.

"It could and should soon come to pass that all states pledge themselves collectively to attack an aggressor. That would make war impossible, and would force even the most brutal and unreasonable Power to appeal to a court of arbitration, or else keep quiet."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Ohsumi

Photo Bengt Nyman, Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins PaintHistory.com

Yoshinori Ohsumi

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2016

Award: "for his discoveries of mechanisms for autophagy."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Omura

Photo Bengt Nyman, Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins PaintHistory.com

Satoshi Omura

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2015
Nobel co-recipient: William C. Campbell, Tu Youyou

Award: "for their discoveries concerning a novel therapy against infections caused by roundworm parasites."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Phippips

Photo: © Nobel Foundation

Eugene F. Fama Ph.D., MBA

The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economics Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2013
Nobel co-recipients Lars Peter Hansen, Robert J. Shiller

Economist. Empirical analysis of asset prices. Influenced development of index funds. Father of modern finance. Idea is 'how do you measure risk?' Windsurfing, golf, opera.

In University of Chicago - Economics. Environment so productive. "We have good people, you need that; very interactive environment; people help one another out a lot. I couldn't do what I did without the help of my professors, colleagues and students. Everybody contributes to everybody else."

Nobel Prize Cash and Philanthropy

John B. Gurdon

Photo Deryck Chan, courtesy to cameraman Sien Yi Tan. Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory,com

Sir John B. Gurdon Kt DPhil DSc FRS

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2012
Nobel co-recipient Shinya Yamanaka

Developmental Biologist. Mature cells can be reprogrammed to become pluripotent. Hobbies: Outdoor sports, mountaineering, travelling, but not theatre, music, reading.

At age15, damning school report: …he will not listen, but will insist in doing his work his own way…has ideas of becoming a Scientist…waste of time for him and teachers.

`Know Thyself

Nobel Medal Cash and philanthropy

Negishi

Photo U Montan nobelprize.org. Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

Ei-ichi Negishi

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2010
Nobel Co recipients Richard F. Heck, Akira Suzuki

Organic Chemist. Inventor of organozinc variant of the palladium catalyzed cross-coupling reaction. Read voraciously including "how to …" publications. Dreamt of Nobel half century prior to being awarded prize. Upon arriving in US and discovering Nobelists visiting UPenn, realized that being awarded the Nobel could happen to anybody including himself.

Nobel Medal Cash

Blackburn

Photo: Science History Inst., Conrad Erb. Painting Tim Tompkins - Paint History.com

Elizabeth M. Blackburn

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2009
Nobel co-recipients: Carol W. Greider,Jack W. Szostak

Award: "for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase"

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Montagnier

Photo Prolineserver, Wikipedia. Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

Luc Montagnier

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2008
Nobel co-recipients: Harald zur Hausen, Françoise Barré-Sinoussi

Prize: "for their discovery of human immunodeficiency virus."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

John Mather

Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.org

John C. Mather Ph.D.

The Nobel Prize in Physics 2006
Nobel Prize also awarded to George F. Smoot

Physicist - Astrophysics, Instrumentation. COBE, Blackbody form and anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation.

"For years I had successfully repelled all challenges to my concentration on one overwhelming responsibility. Now, it was done, and I switched my attention to ..."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Marshall

Photo Barjammar, Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

Barry J. Marshall

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2005
Co Nobelists: J. Robin Warren

Award: "for their discovery of the bacterium Helicobacter pylori and its role in gastritis and peptic ulcer disease."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Nurse

Photo Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins PaintHistory.com

Sir Paul Nurse

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2001
Nobel co-recipients: Leland Hartwell, Tim Hunt

Award: "for their discoveries of key regulators of the cell cycle."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Greengard

Photo:NIDA Wikipedia. Painting Tim Tompkins PaintHistory.com

Paul Greengard

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2000
Nobel co-recipients: Arvid Carlsson, Eric Kandel

Prize: "for their discoveries concerning signal transduction in the nervous system."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Kandel

Photo Bengt Oberger, Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

Eric Kandel

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2000
Co Nobelists: Arvid Carlsson, Paul Greengard

Award: "for their discoveries concerning signal transduction in the nervous system."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Blobel

Photo: Blobel Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

Günter Blobel

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1999

Award: "for the discovery that proteins have intrinsic signals that govern their transport and localization in the cell."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Furchgott

Photo: J.A. Jzburovich SUNY Downstate Med Ctr. Wiki.

Robert F. Furchgott

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1998
Nobel co-recipients: Louis J. Ignarro, Ferid Murad

Prize: "for their discoveries concerning nitric oxide as a signalling molecule in the cardiovascular system."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Murad

Photo Jeff Dahl, Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins PaintHistory.com

Ferid Murad

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1998
Nobel co-recipients: Robert F. Furchgott, Louis J. Ignarro

Prize: "for their discoveries concerning nitric oxide as a signalling molecule in the cardiovascular system."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Murray

Photo Wikipedia. Painting Tim Tompkins PaintHistory.com

Joseph E. Murray

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1990
Nobel co-recipient: E. Donnall Thomas

"for their discoveries concerning organ and cell transplantation in the treatment of human disease."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthopy

Hitchiing

Photo Wikipedia. Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

George H. Hitchings

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1988
Co Nobelists Sir James W. Black, Gertrude B. Elion

Chemist, Pharmacologist. Discovered principles for drug treatment; developed drugs - anticancer, immunosuppressive, antiviral, antibacterial, anti-gout, anti-malarial. Purines. 6-mercaptopurine, Imuran, allopurinol, pyramethamine, trimethoprim, Acyclovir.

“My greatest satisfaction … save lives, relieve suffering. At baptism, my father dedicated my life to service of mankind. Very proud … able to fulfill his hopes.”

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Levi-Montacini

Photo Bernard Becker Med Library, Washington U SOM, Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins PaintHistory.com

Rita Levi-Montalcini

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1986
Nobel co-recipients: Stanley Cohen

Prize: "for their discoveries of growth factors."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthrophy

Benacerraf

Photo: NLM, Painting Tim Tompkins - Painthistory.com

Baruj Benacerraf M.D.

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1980
Nobel co-recipients: Jean Dausset, George D. Snell
National Medal of Science - Biological Sciences 1990

Physician, Scientist - Immunologist, teacher, remarkable leader. Discovered genetically determined structures on the cell surface that regulate immunological reactions.

“Baruj did not always get on well with those in authority, often because he felt he could do their jobs so much better than they did …”

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Esquivel

Drawing Samyuktha Krishna

Adolfo Pérez Esquivel

The Nobel Peace Prize 1980

Human Rights Leader, Architect, Sculptor. Believed in nonviolence. Fought for indigenous peoples.

“It is essential to have inner peace and the serenity of prayer to listen to the silence of God, which speaks to us, in our personal life and the history of our times, of the power of love.”

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Dausett

Photo: Dutch Nat'l Archives. Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

Jean Dausset

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1980
Nobel co-recipients: Baruj Benacerraf, George D. Snell

Award: "for their discoveries concerning genetically determined structures on the cell surface that regulate immunological reactions."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Hounsfield

Photo Wikipedia. Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

Godfrey N. Hounsfield

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1979
Co Nobelists Allan M. Cormack

Award: "for the development of computer assisted tomography."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Werner

Photo Wiki Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

Alber Werner

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1978

Award: "for the discovery of restriction enzymes and their application to problems of molecular genetics."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Tinbergen

Photo: Wikipedia. Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

Nikolaas Tinbergen Ph.D.

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1973
Co-nobelist Karl von Frisch, Konrad Lorenz

Biologist - Ornithologist. Discovered ‘organization and elicitation of individual and social behavior patterns’. Sticklebacks fish. Bee wolf, a digger wasp, Philanthus Triangulum. Adventurous. Elder brother Jan Tinbergen is Economics Nobelist, 1969, the first year the Economics prize was awarded. Both awarded at age 66yrs.

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Kuznets

Drawing: Ami Mowris

Simon S. Kuznets Ph.D.

The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1971

Economist and Statistician. Interpreted economic growth in a manner which helped better understand economic and social structure.

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Holley

Photo Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

Robert W. Holley Ph.D.

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1968
Nobel co-recipients: H. Gobind Khorana, Marshall W. Nirenberg

Organic Chemist. 'Interpreted genetic code and its function in protein synthesis' First chemical synthesis of penicillin. Research: amino acids, peptides, protein biosynthesis. Discovered and isolated tRNA [transfer RNA] - alanine transfer RNA.

Medal, Cash, Philanthropy

King

Wikipedia

Martin Luther King Jr.

The Nobel Peace Prize 1964

Award: The Nobel Peace Prize 1964 was awarded to Martin Luther King Jr."

Medal, Cash, Philanthropy

Watson

Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

James M. Watson Ph.D.

The Nobel Prize in Physiciogy or Medecine 1962
The Presidents's National Medal of Sciences - Biological Sciences 1997

Co-Nobelists Francis Crick, Maurice Wilkins

Zoologist. ‘Discovered molecular structure of nucleic acids and its significance for information transfer in living material.’ Very generous with subordinates regarding authorship of articles.

“Good science is difficult. We must believe strongly in our ideas.”

Medal, Cash and Philanthropy

Bekesy

Painting Tim Tompkins PaintHistory.com

Georg von Békésy Ph.D. [Physics]

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1961

Physicist, Communication engineer. Psychophysiology of hearing. Physical mechanism of stimulation within cochlea, a frequency analyzer. Accidental selection of science field. Technically skillful, elegant experimental design. He nuisance to autopsy room, mechanical workshops.

"Found inner ear beautiful under stereoscopic microscope. It was pleasure of beauty that made me stick to ear."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Shockley

Chuck Painter / Stanford News Service

William B. Shockley Ph.D.

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1956
Nobel co-recipients John Bardeen, Walter H. Brattain

Award: "for their researches on semiconductors and their discovery of the transistor effect"

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Krebs

Photo Wiki. Painting: Tim Tomkins - Painthistory.com

Hans Krebs M.D.

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1953
Co-Nobelists Fritz Lipmann

Physician, Biochemist. Discovered citric acid cycle in which nutrients are converted to chemical energy molecules which are converted to ATP used in chemical processes. Krebs-Henseleit cycle.

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Fleming

Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

Sir Alexander Fleming M.B., B.S.

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1945
Co-Nobelists: Ernst B. Chain, Sir Howard Florey

Physician - Bacteriologist, Immunologist. While researching Influenza virus, made ground breaking discovery: penicillin, by not neglecting chance observation - mould contaminating culture plate. WWI caused interest in Antiseptics. WWII, production cost was immaterial. Destiny.

Lone worker gets idea; details developed by team, but prime idea is due to enterprise, thought, perception of an individual.

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Alexander Fleming's Nobel Prize medal is in the National Museums of Scotland.

Whipple

Photo Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

George H. Whipple M.D.

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1934
Co-Nobalists George R. Minot, William P. Murphy

Physician; Pathologist. Pernicious anaemia liver therapy. Whipple Disease. Intestinal parasites. Blackwater fever. WWII, Chloroform anesthesia induced liver necrosis. Liver regeneration. Tuberculosis. Pancreatitis. Used Nobelists Joliot Curie’s, Fermi’s, E.O. Lawrence’s radioactive isotopes; discovered iron metabolism; protein metabolism, distribution, functions. Bile constituents. Red cell stroma.

Gentle. Quiet. Wanted to be remembered as teacher.

Nobel Medal Cash

Morgan

Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

Thomas H. Morgan Ph.D.

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1933

Zoologist, Geneticist. Chromosome role in heredity, sex determination. Drosophila. Genes stored in chromosomes in nuclei. Epigenetics. Combination rule. Limited number of combination groups. Crossing-over rule. Linear arrangement of genes in chromosomes.

Didn’t attend Nobel award ceremony, because in Caltech, busy establishing new physiology group and with future of biochemistry, genetics.

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Raman

Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman M.A. [Physics]

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1930

Atomic Physicist. Molecular Diffraction of Light. Raman Effect. Structure, optical behaviour of iridescent substances. Acoustics, violin.

Raman lost Nobel Prize money to fraudulent financer. Meeting fraudster years later, he said: You deserve Nobel Prize for your cunning in duping Nobel Laureate!

Playful comment: Unfortunately Economics Nobel instituted later in 1969!

Nobel Medal Cash

Ross

Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

Willem Einthoven, Physician

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1924

Physician, Physiologist. Discovered electrocardiogram [EKG/ECG] mechanism. It was known that heart generates weak electrical current varying in health, heart disease. Invented galvanometer recording these currents. Named electrical waves P, Q, R, S, T. [P petite; next letters in alphabet]. Interests: Physics, Acoustics, Asthma, Optics, Physical activity. Great concentration. Generous, Kind.

Nobel Medal, Cash & Philanthropy

Michelson

Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

Albert A. Michelson Ph.D.

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1907

Award: "for their discoveries concerning nuclear shell structure"

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Monita

Photo Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

Ernesto Moneta

The Nobel Peace Prize 1907
Co Nobelists: Louis Renault

Award: President, Lombard League of Peace

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Roosevelt

Painting: Tim Tompkins PaintHistory.com

Theodore Roosevelt

The Nobel Peace Prize 1906

President, USA. International Peace Arbitrator, various treaties. Vigorous, businesslike. "We abhor bully, oppressor, in private or public life". Conservationist, protected 230,000,000 acres of public land.

After camping in Yosemite National Park, "It was like lying in a great solemn cathedral, far vaster and more beautiful than any built by man."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Pavlov

Photo:Wikipedia Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

Ivan Pavlov

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1904

Award: "in recognition of his work on the physiology of digestion, through which knowledge on vital aspects of the subject has been transformed and enlarged."

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Finsen

Photo Wiki. Painting Tim Tompkins PaintHistory.com

Niels Ryberg Finsen M.D.

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1903

Physician. Founder, phototherapy in dermatology. Lupus vulgaris treatment. Researched salt. Despite having Niemann-Pick disease, strong willed, persevering.

Denmark early education - Rector: "Niels is a very nice boy. His gifts are small; he’s devoid of energy." Cause: fagging for older pupils. Moved to Iceland school; succeeded despite not knowing language.

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Ross

Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

Ronald Ross, Physician

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1902

Physician. Mosquitoes’ malarial parasites life-cycle. Mathematical models for epidemiology. Malaria prevention. Contributed to pure, applied mathematics.

‘My microscope was worn out, screws rusted with sweat from hands, forehead; remaining eye-piece cracked; invaluable oil-immersion lens remained good.’
‘Dingy military hospital, cracked microscope, medicine bottles - only laboratory and apparatus I possessed.’

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

Behring

Painting Tim Tompkins - PaintHistory.com

Emil Adolf von Behring, Physician

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1901

Physician. Serum therapy, especially against diphtheria. Tuberculosis. Distinguished friends, associates: Friedrich Althoff, Prussian Under-Secretary, Education, Cultural Affairs; Ludolph Brauer, colleague, Internal Medicine, Marburg Medical Faculty; Friedrich Loeffler, bacteriologist; Ilya Mechnikov, 1908 Medicine Nobelist, Russian researcher, discovered phagocytosis, exchanged ideas; Émile Roux, Louis Pasteur’s pupil, researched diphtheria; Erich Wernicke, friend, colleague.

Nobel Medal Cash and Philanthropy

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