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Willard Boyle Ph.D.

Willard Boyle Ph.D.

The Nobel Prize in Physics 2009
Co-nobelists: Charles K. Kao, George E. Smith

Prize motivation: "for the invention of an imaging semiconductor circuit - the CCD sensor."

Patents

Publication:1/16
Publication No:US 3858232 A
Title:Information storage devices
Publication Type:Grant
Publication Date:December 31, 1974
Filing Date:November 9, 1971
Inventors:Willard Boyle, George Smith
Original Assignee:Bell Telephone Labor Inc
Abstract:The specification describes devices based on the recognition that minority charge carriers within a semiconductor can be used to represent information. Storage sites are provided by potential wells formed along the semiconductor surface. The preferred structure is an array of metal electrodes on an insulating layer, each electrode comprising an MIS device. A quantum of charge carriers, representing an information bit, is generated within the semiconductor. This quantum can be translated along the semiconductor by successively biasing a row of electrodes. The potential well effectively "moves" through the semiconductor sweeping the minority carriers with it. The quantum can be detected by a simple capacitive couple, e.g., a floating gate FET.
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Publication:2/16
Publication No:US 3796927 A
Title:Three dimensional charge coupled devices
Publication Type:Grant
Publication Date:March 12, 1974
Filing Date:December 16, 1970
Inventors:Willard Boyle, George Smith
Original Assignee:Bell Telephone Labor Inc.
Abstract:The specification describes a new class of semiconductor devices in which the charge is controllably translated in three dimensions. Translation control circuits can be disposed on both sides of the usual semiconductor wafer giving a new dimension in the design of logic and memory devices. In the exemplary specific embodiment the concept is described in connection with a shift register. Extension to logic circuits, e.g., to perform crossover and fan-in functions, is straightforward.
Representative Figure:
Family MembersCA946076A1, DE2162140A1
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Publication:3/16
Publication No:US 3792322 A
Title:Buried channel charge coupled devices
Publication Type:Grant
Publication Date:February 12, 1974
Filing Date:April 19, 1973
Inventors:Willard Boyle, George Smith
Original Assignee:Willard Boyle, George Smith
Abstract:The specification describes charge coupled devices in which the storage layer is internally charged so that the energy level profile across the thickness of the layer has a maxima in the middle of the layer. Injected carriers can then be stored and transferred in the bulk region of the semiconductor. If the energy level of the maxima exceeds the surface energy of the valence band by an amount exceeding the Boltzmann expression for thermal excitation, then the stored carriers remain isolated (statistically) from the surface states. The storage layer can be appropriately charged by biasing the layer to remove the mobile carriers. Residual fixed charge bends the energy band if the boundaries are fixed to appropriate barriers. The most convenient structure appears to be a large area p-n junction for the lower (buried) barrier with the usual MIS surface barrier. An MISIM structure is predictably similar. Multichannel structures are proposed such as N-P-N-P-N in which the isolated P-channels serve simultaneously as storage layers. Simultaneous use of both channels with controlled interconnection suggests many potential applications for logic circuits and the availability of convenient crossovers.
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Publication:4/16
Publication No:US 3581151 A
Title:Cold cathode structure comprising semiconductor whisker elements
Publication Type:Grant
Publication Date:May 25, 1971
Filing Date:September 16, 1968
Inventors:Willard Boyle, Jack Morton>
Original Assignee:Bell Telephone Labor Inc
Abstract:Cold cathode structures comprise a plurality of semiconductor whisker elements each including an electronic barrier near the free end. Electron emission is enhanced by a high external field that is concentrated at the tip of each whisker element.
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Publication:5/16
Publication No:US 3551213 A
Title:Geometrically selective ion bombardment by means of the photoelectric effect
Publication Type:Grant
Publication Date:December 29, 1970
Filing Date:September 4, 1968
Inventors:Willard Boyle
Original Assignee:Bell Telephone Labor Inc
Abstract:Geometrically selective ion bombardment of the surface of a target body, such as a semiconductor, is accomplished by means of the photoelectric effect. The body is placed in a gas containing the desired atomic species, while ultraviolet radiation is focused upon the surface of the target body in accordance with a desired pattern of bombardment. Photoelectrons are emitted from the surface and are accelerated away from the surface by an applied electric field. Finally, the photoelectrons ionize the gas, and the ions created thereby are accelerated back towards the surface of the target body.
Representative Figure:
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Publication:6/16
Publication No:US 3502891 A
Title:Variable reflectance memory device
Publication Type:Grant
Publication Date:March 24, 1970
Filing Date:March 22, 1967
Inventors:Willard Boyle, Jack Morton
Original Assignee:Nasa, Smoot George F, Pope William L, Lawrence Smith
Abstract:A memory module for use in logic or memory systems includes a variable reflectance device and a photosensitive member connected in a circuit, with the photosensitive member disposed to intercept light reflected from the reflectance device. The photosensitive member controls the reflective state of the reflectance device in response to ambient light and a scanning beam of energy.
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Publication:7/16
Publication No:US 3473602 A
Title:Apparatus and method for achieving temperature stabilization of a radiator using thermoreflectance materials
Publication Type:Grant
Publication Date:October 21, 1969
Filing Date:September 18, 1967
Inventors:Willard Boyle, Hans Verleur
Original Assignee:Bell Telephone Labor Inc
Abstract:When a radiating body (e.g. a satellite) is coated with a layer of a metallic reflector, a dielectric and a thermoreflectance material in the order recited, the temperature of the body is stabilized at the transition temperature of the thermoreflectance material.
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Publication:8/16
Publication No:US 3434661 A
Title:Snow making
Publication Type:Grant
Publication Date:March 25, 1969
Filing Date:February 1, 1966
Inventors:Willard Boyle, David Creaghan
Original Assignee:David Creaghan, Willard Boyle
Abstract:A method for making snow which comprises dispersing solid seeding particles in water and then spraying the water into the atmosphere at temperatures below freezing.
Representative Figure:
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Publication:9/16
Publication No:US 3384794 A
Title:Superconductive logic device
Publication Type:Grant
Publication Date:May 21, 1968
Filing Date:March 8, 1966
Inventors:Willard Boyle, George Smith
Original Assignee:Bell Telephone Laboratories Inc
Abstract:A superconductive logic device includes a superconductive layer in a portion of which superconductivity is induced by establishing a majority carrier density gradient in the layer while simultaneously maintaining constant therein the total carrier concentration. The transition temperature increases above the ambient temperature of the layer in the portion of the layer in which the majority carrier concentration is increased. Consequently that portion, which was initially in a normal resistive state, switches to a superconducting state. The logic device has application as a switch, a memory element and a level detector..
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Publication:10/16
Publication No:US 3354404 A
Title:End pumped optical maser
Publication Type:Grant
Publication Date:November 21, 1967
Filing Date:August 29, 1961
Inventors:Willard Boyle, Donald Nelson
Original Assignee:Bell Telephone Labor Inc
Abstract:No Abstract
Representative Figure:
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Publication:11/16
Publication No:US 3059117 A
Title:Optical maser
Publication Type:Grant
Publication Date:October 16, 1962
Filing Date:January 11, 1960
Inventors:Willard Boyle, David Thomas
Original Assignee:Bell Telephone Labor Inc
Abstract:No Abstract
Representative Figure:
Family MembersUSRE25632
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Publication:12/16
Publication No:US 2905820 A
Title:Intermittent discharge pulse generators
Publication Type:Grant
Publication Date:September 22, 1959
Filing Date:July 20, 1954
Inventors:Willard Boyle
Original Assignee:Bell Telephone Labor Inc
Abstract:No Abstract
Representative Figure:
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Publication:13/16
Publication No:US 2884565 A
Title:Self-propagating intermittent discharge delay lines
Publication Type:Grant
Publication Date:April 28, 1959
Filing Date:September 16, 1954
Inventors:Willard Boyle, Raymond Ketchledge
Original Assignee:Bell Telephone Labor Inc
Abstract:No Abstract
Representative Figure:
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Publication:14/16
Publication No:US 2864054
Title:Velocity measurement of relay contacts
Publication Type:Grant
Publication Date:December 9, 1958
Filing Date:March 19, 1957
Inventors:Willard Boyle, James Smith
Original Assignee:Bell Telephone Labor Inc
Abstract:No Abstract
Representative Figure:
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Publication:15/16
Publication No:US 2836703 A
Title:Low voltage arc welding circuit for use with percussion hand welder
Publication Type:Grant
Publication Date:May 27, 1958
Filing Date:June 19, 1956
Inventors:Willard Boyle, James Smith
Original Assignee:Bell Telephone Labor Inc
Abstract:No Abstract
Representative Figure:
Family
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Publication:16/16
Publication No:US 2802918 A
Title:Electrostatic relay
Publication Type:Grant
Publication Date:August 13, 1957
Filing Date:April 29, 1955
Inventors:Willard Boyle
Original Assignee:Bell Telephone Labor Inc
Abstract:No Abstract
Representative Figure:
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Boyle
Photo Prolineserver, Wiki.

Name: Willard S. Boyle
Birth: 19 August 1924, Amherst, NS, Canada
Death: 7 May 2011, Truro, NS, Canada
Institution: Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, NJ, USA
Award: "for the invention of an imaging semiconductor circuit - the CCD sensor."
Portion of Cash: 1/3
Patents