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George Fletcher Bass Ph.D.

National Medal of Science - Biological Sciences 2001

Archeologist. Father of underwater archaeology. Excavated shipwrecks of Bronze Age, Classical Age, Byzantine. Founded Institute of Nautical Archaeology. Findings throw new light into beginning of free enterprise system, dating Homer's Odyssey, chronologies of Egyptian dynasties, Helladic cultures; histories of technology, economics, music, art, religion.

"The greatest thrill comes from the library, when you can understand something about what you've found, when it all comes together and it means something."


1959 Neolithic Figurines from Thespiai. Hesperia (Journal of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens) 28: 344-349.

1961 The Cape Gelidonya Wreck: Preliminary Report. American Journal of Archaeology 65: 267-276 Reprinted in Marine Archaeology, ed. Joan du Plat Taylor, 1965.
A Bronze Age Shipwreck. Expedition (Bull. Univ. Museum of the Univ. of Pennsylvania) 3.2: 2-11.
Excavating a Bronze Age Shipwreck. Archaeology 14: 78-87. With Peter Throckmorton.

1962 Underwater Excavations at Yassi Ada: A Byzantine Shipwreck. Archäologischer Anzeiger: 537-564.
Report of the Underwater Excavation at Cape Gelidonya. Türk Arkeoloji Dergisi 11.1: 7-9.
Underwater Surveying and Draughting - A Technique. Antiquity 36: 252-261. With Eric J. Ryan.
Review: Suzanne de Borhegyi, Ships, Shoals, and Amphoras. The Hispanic American Historical Review (August): 443-444.
A Byzantine Shipwreck off the Turkish Coast. Yearbook of the American Philosophical Society, 1962: 466-467.

1963 Underwater Archaeology: Key to History's Warehouse. National Geographic 124.1 July: 138-156.
The Promise of Underwater Archaeology. The American Scholar 32.2: 241-254.
Reprinted in: American Journal 3.2: 166-176. Nichibei Forum 9.10: 58-65 (in Japanese).
Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution: 461-471. Vilag Ifjusaga (Budapest)
Review: Atti del II Congresso Internazionale di Archeologia Sottomarina, Albenga 1958. American Journal of Archaeology 67: 231-232.
Mycenaean and Protogeometric Tombs in the Halicarnassus Peninsula. American Journal of Archaeology 67: 353-361.
Review: F. Benoît, L'épave du Grand Congloué à Marseille. Antiquity 37: 155-157.
Underwater Excavations at Yassi Ada: 26-27; Müskebi-Dirmil: 27. Anatolian Studies 13.
Excavating a Byzantine Wreck. The Undersea Challenge. Proceedings of the Second World Congress of Underwater Activities, London, 1962 (British Sub-Aqua Club): 106-119.

1964 Bodrum Yassiada Sualti Kazilar (1961). Türk Arkeoloji Dergisi 12: 8-11.
Methods of Wreck Excavation in Clear Water. Diving into the Past; Theories, Techniques, and Applications of Underwater Archaeology. Proceedings of a Conference on Underwater Archaeology Sponsored by the Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, 1963: 20-27.
Review: Honor Frost, Under the Mediterranean. Antiquity 38: 70-72.

1965 The Asherah: A Submarine for Archaeology. Archaeology 18: 7-14.
The Museum Assembles a Fleet. Expedition 7 (2): 19-30.
Underwater Excavations at Yassi Ada 1962-1963. Türk Arkeoloji Dergisi 13 (1): 41-43.

1966 Archaeology Under Water (London: Thames & Hudson; New York: Praeger).
Underwater Archaeology. Oceanography 1.1: 81-83.
Troy and Ur: Gold Links between Two Ancient Capitals. Expedition 8.4: 26-39.
The Promise of Underwater Archaeology. Revised, in Smithsonian Treasury of 20th-Century Science, ed. Webster True (New York: Simon & Schuster): 429-445.

1967 Pour un meilleur rendement des techniques de fouilles sousmarines. Archaeologia, July-August: 32.
Cape Gelidonya: A Bronze Age Shipwreck (Philadelphia: Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 57 [8]).

1968 New Tools for Underwater Archaeology. Archaeology 21: 164-173. With Michael L. Katzev.
New Tools for Undersea Archaeology. National Geographic 134.3, September: 402-423.
Underwater Archeological Expedition to Turkey. National Geographic Society Research Reports, 1963 Projects: 21-34.
The Turkish Aegean: Proving Ground for Underwater Archaeology. Expedition 10.3: 3-10.
Problems of Deep Wreck Identification. Expedition 11.1: 9-12. With Laurence T. Joline.
A Diversified Program for the Study of Shallow Water Searching and Mapping Techniques. Report submitted to the Office of Naval Research, Washington, D.C. With Donald M. Rosencrantz. Report number AD 686 487, Clearinghouse (CFSTI), Springfield, VA 22151.

1969 Excavations of a Byzantine Shipwreck at Yassi Ada, Turkey. National Geographic Society Research Reports, 1964 Projects: 9-20. With F. H. van Doorninck.
The Ruins Under the Sea. Holiday 46.2: 25, 77.

1970 Underwater Archeological Expedition to Turkey, 1961-1962. National Geographic Society Research Reports, 1961-1962 Projects: 11-20.
Archaeology Under Water, revised and expanded paperback edition (Harmondsworth, England, and Baltimore, MD: Penguin Books).
Review: P. Throckmorton, H. Frost, C. Martin, et al., Surveying in Archaeology Underwater. Antiquity 44: 81-82.
A Hoard of Trojan and Sumerian Jewelry. American Journal of Archaeology 74: 335-341.

1971 A Fourth-Century Shipwreck at Yassi Ada. American Journal of Archaeology 75: 27-37. With F.H. van Doorninck, Jr.
A Byzantine Trading Venture. Scientific American 224.2: 22-33. Reprinted in: Avenues to Antiquity: Readings from Scientific American (1976): 277-288.
Underwater Archeological Explorations in Turkey. National Geographic Society Research Reports, 1965 Projects: 15-22. With Russell Fernald.

1972 Editor: A History of Seafaring Based on Underwater Archaeology (London: Thames & Hudson; New York: Walker & Co. A Book-of-the-Month Club Selection. Since published in Dutch, French, Swedish, Italian and German editions).
The Trials of an Underwater Archaeologist. Tools of a New Trade. 17 Major Wreck Sites in the Mediterranean. The UNESCO Courier (May): 8-13, 15, 38. Published in 12 languages. Reprinted in: Science Digest 73 (March 1973): 76-81.
Eighteen Mediterranean Wrecks Investigated Between 1900 and 1968. Underwater Archaeology: A Nascent Discipline (UNESCO): 35-51. French ed. 1973.
Submersibles in Underwater Search and Photogrammetric Mapping. Underwater Archaeology: A Nascent Discipline (UNESCO): 271-283. With Donald M. Rosencrantz. French ed. 1973.
Editor: Newsletters 1970/71: The Old World. The International Journal of Nautical Archaeology and Underwater Exploration 1 (March): 187-207.

1973 Cape Gelidonya and Bronze Age Maritime Trade. Orient and Occident, Festschrift Cyrus Gordon, ed. Harry A. Hoffner (Kevelaer): 29-38.
The Sea's Dark Museum. World Beneath the Sea, ed. Robert L. Breeden (National Geographic Society, 2d ed.): 117-140.

1974 Underwater Archeological Expedition to Turkey, 1967. National Geographic Society Research Reports, 1967 Projects: 11-19.
Discovery 73. AINA Newsletter 1.1.
Summer 74. AINA Newsletter 1.3.
Survey for Shipwrecks, 1973. International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 3: 335-338.

1975 Archaeology Beneath the Sea (New York: Walker & Company).
A.D. 625, reprinted from Archaeology Beneath the Sea in Oceans 8.3: 26-31.
Underwater Survey - 1973. Türk Arkeoloji Dergisi 22.2: 33-38.
Devil Creek. AINA Newsletter 2.3.
Foreword. Voices from the Rapids, An Underwater Search for Fur Trade Artifacts 1960-73, by Robert C. Wheeler, Walter A. Kenyon, Alan R. Woolworth, & Douglas A. Birk (Minnesota Historical Society): vii-viii.

1976 Sheytan Deresi: Preliminary Report. International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 5: 293-303.
Underwater Archaeological Expedition to Turkey, 1968. National Geographic Society Research Reports, 1968 Projects: 29-31.
Archaeology Beneath the Sea, paperback edition (Harper & Row).
Shipwrecks. The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites, ed. Richard Stillwell (Princeton University Press): 832-834.

1977 The Wreck at Sheytan Deresi. Oceans 10.1: 34-39.
The Asherah - A Pioneer in Search of the Past. Submersibles and Their Use in Oceanography and Ocean Engineering, ed. R.A. Geyer (Amsterdam, Oxford, New York: Elsevier Scientific Publishing): 335-351. With Donald M. Rosencrantz.
Review: Peter Throckmorton, Diving for Treasure. Sea History 10: 36-37.
Archaeology Beneath the Sea, Japanese edition (Jiji Press).

1978 An 11th Century Shipwreck at Serce Liman, Turkey. International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 7: 119-132. With F. H. van Doorninck, Jr.
Exploring Shipwrecks on Four Continents. Explorers Journal 56.2: 50-53.
Glass Treasure from the Aegean. National Geographic 153.6 June: 768-793.
Serçe Liman, 1978. AINA Newsletter 5.2/3: 1-3.
Excavation of a Late Roman Shipwreck at Yassi Ada, Turkey. National Geographic Society Research Reports, 1969 Projects: 1-11. With F.H. van Doorninck, Jr.
An Eleventh Century Islamic Glass Wreck at Serçe Liman. Beneath the Waters of Time. The Proceedings of the Ninth Conference on Underwater Archaeology, ed. J. Barto Arnold III (Austin: Texas Antiquities Committee Publication No. 6): 15-19.

1979 The Shipwreck at Serçe Liman, Turkey. Archaeology 32: 36-43.
The Men Who Stole the Stars. Sea History 12 (Fall): 30.
Nautical Archaeology Comes of Age: The Vital Fifth Stage. Sea History 13 (Winter): 27.
A Medieval Islamic Merchant Venture. Archaeological News 8. 2/3: 84-94.
La Media Luna. INA Newsletter 6.2: 1-2, 7. With Donald H. Keith.
Treasure-Hunting Divers. Journal of Field Archaeology 6: 104-107.

1980 Marine Archaeology: A Misunderstood Science. Ocean Yearbook 2, ed. Elisabeth Mann Borgese & Norton Ginsburg (University of Chicago Press): 137-152.
A Pioneering Excavation off Turkey. Lessons from a Bronze Age Wreck. Recording a Byzantine Merchantman. Improved Techniques on a Late Roman Wreck. An Enigmatic Site from the Bronze Age. New Approaches and a Medieval Wreck. Archeology Under Water: An Atlas of the World's Submerged Sites, ed. Keith Muckelroy (New York: McGraw Hill): 32-29, 46-49.
Review: Keith Muckelroy, Maritime Archaeology. Antiquity 54: 67-68.
INA in Turkey: 1979-1980. INA Newsletter 7.2/3: 1-6.
Introduction. Man: 12,000 Years Under the Sea, by Robert F. Burgess (New York: Dodd, Mead & Company): ix-xi.

1981 Archaeologists in Wet Suits. Science Year 1982. The World Book Science Annual (Chicago: World Book-Childcraft International): 96-111.
Tales from an Ancient Ship. Odyssey Magazine: 2-4.
Review: Keith Muckelroy, ed., Archeology Under Water: An Atlas of the World's Submerged Sites. Archaeology 34: 73.
Salvaging the Past: The Institute of Nautical Archaeology. Sport Diver (January/February): 73-78.
Is Money the Root of All Evil? Underwater Archaeology: The Challenge Before Us. The Proceedings of the Twelfth Conference on Underwater Archaeology, ed. Gordon P. Watts, Jr. (San Marino, CA: Fathom Eight Special Publication No. 2): ix-xix.
Review: Sylvia Thomas, Saga of a Yankee Whaleman. INA Newsletter 8.1: 3.
Treasure-hunting vs. Underwater Archaeology. Journal of Field Archaeology 8: 517. A letter co- authored with ten others.

1982 Yassi Ada I. A Seventh-Century Byzantine Shipwreck (College Station: Texas A&M University Press). With F. H. van Doorninck, Jr.
Archaeology Beneath the Sea, Bulgarian edition (Varna).
Archaeology Beneath the Sea, Italian edition, Tesori in fondo al mare (Milan: Sonzogno).
Nautical Archaeology, an Interdisciplinary Field. University Lecture Series (Texas A&M University).
The Men Who Stole the Stars, reprinted in Early Man 4.1: 3.
The Seventh-Century Yassi Ada Ship and its Black Sea Connections. Thracia Pontica I (Sophia): 225-238.
L'archeologia sottomarina. Jacques Cousteau enciclopedia di scienza e di avventura 85 (Milan: Fabbri). With D.L. Hamilton & J.R. Steffy
INA (Institute of Nautical Archaeology) in Turkey: 1979-1980. Archeology in Turkey Today (Ministry of Culture, Ankara): 19-26.
Survey of Ancient Shipwrecks in the Mediterranean. National Geographic Society Research Reports 14: 44-48.

1983 A Plea for Historical Particularism in Nautical Archaeology. Shipwreck Anthropology, ed. Richard A. Gould (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press): 91-104.
Shipwreck Archaeology in the Eastern United States. Geoscience and Man 23: 5-15.
The Promise of Underwater Archaeology in Retrospect. Museum (UNESCO) 137: 5-8.
The Shipwreck at Cape Gelidonya. Reprinted from Archaeology Beneath the Sea in Introduction to Anthropology, ed. Warren T. Morril (Dubuque: Kendall/Hunt): 141-151.
Shipwrecks and Treasure Hunters. Journal of Field Archaeology 10: 389.

1984 Excavation of a Preclassical Shipwreck. National Geographic Society Research Reports 16: 85-89.
The Million Piece Glass Puzzle. Archaeology 37: 42-47.
Excavation of an 11th-Century Shipwreck at Serçe Liman, Turkey. National Geographic Society Research Reports 17: 161-182. With J.R. Steffy and F.H. van Doorninck, Jr.
The Nature of the Serçe Limani Glass. Journal of Glass Studies 26: 64-69.
A Late Bronze Age Shipwreck at Kas, Turkey. International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 13: 271-279. With Donald A. Frey and Cemal Pulak.
Exploring Shipwrecks and Preserving Artifacts. The Mariner's Guide to Oceanography, ed. Nixon Griffis (New York: Hearst Marine Books): 205-216.
On Respect. Journal of Field Archaeology 11: 121. A letter.

1985 Bronze Age Shipwreck. National Geographic 167.1: 3.
Underwater Archaeological Survey in Turkey, 1980. National Geographic Society Research Reports 21: 21-26. With Jay Rosloff.
Ulu Burun (Kas). Anatolian Studies 35: 211-212.
Archaeologists, Sport Divers, and Treasure-Hunters. Journal of Field Archaeology 12: 256-258. A letter to the U.S. Congress.

1986 A Bronze Age Shipwreck at Ulu Burun (Kas): 1984 Campaign. American Journal of Archaeology 90: 269-296.
De Mannen die Sterren Stalen. Knob-Congres: Verantwoord onder water (Amsterdam): 54-55 (Dutch Translation of The Men Who Stole the Stars).
The Ulu Burun Shipwreck. VII. Kazi Sonuçlari Toplantisi, Ankara 20-24 May 1985 (Ankara): 619-635.

1987 Oldest Known Shipwreck Reveals Splendors of the Bronze Age. National Geographic Magazine 172.6: 692-733.
Underwater Excavation of the Ulu Burun Shipwreck. Kazi Sonuçlari Toplantisi 8, pt. 2: 291-302.

1988 Editor: Ships and Shipwrecks of the Americas. (Thames and Hudson, London and New York).
Lycie: une épave du XIVe siècle avant J.-C. Encyclopaedia universalis (Paris): 483-486.
The Men Who Stole the Stars, reprinted in Reef Report (CEDAM International) 21.3: 4 and 12.
Excavations at Ulu Burun (Kas): 1986 Campaign. Kazi Sonuçlari Toplantisi 9, pt. 1: 371-388.
Return to Cape Gelidonya. INA Newsletter 15.2: 2-5.
The Serçe Limani Glass. INA Newsletter 15.3: 10-13.

1989 The Great Tradition Looks Ahead. Archaeology 42.1: 50-55, 102-103.
The Bronze Age Shipwreck at Ulu Burun: 1986 Campaign. American Journal of Archaeology 93: 1-29 (with C. Pulak, D. Collon and J. Weinstein).
Das Wrack von Ulu Burun. Geo. 1: 84-98.
Underwater Archaeology and Medieval Mediterranean Ships. Medieval Archaeology, ed. Charles L. Redman (State University of New York at Binghamton): 139-154
Excavations at Uluburun (Kas) 1987 Campaign. Kazi Sonuçlari Toplantisi 10, pt. 1: 307-321.
Publishing: Getting It Done. Underwater Archaeology Proceedings from the Society for Historical Archaeology Conference, Baltimore, Maryland 1989, ed. J. Barto Arnold III (Society for Historical Archaeology): 3-4.
Civilization Under the Sea. Modern Maturity 32.2 (April-May): 58-64.
The Construction of a Seagoing Vessel of the Late Bronze Age. Tropis I: Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Ship Construction in Antiquity, Piraeus 1985: 25-35.
The Challenge of "Black Athena." Responses. Arethusa, special issue (Fall): 111-113.
What Is Archaeology? Sea History 51 (Autumn): 8.

1990 A Bronze-Age Writing-Diptych from the Sea off Lycia. Kadmos. Zeitschrift für vor-und frügriechische Epigraphik 29: 169.
After the Diving is Over. Underwater Archaeology. Proceedings of the 1990 Society for Historical Archaeology Conference, ed. Toni L. Carrell: 10-13.
Yalikavak 1990. INA Newsletter 17.4: 18-21.
Letter from the Library. Newsletter. Archaeological Institute of America 5.4: 1, 3.
Nautical Archaeology and Biblical Archaeology. Biblical Archaeologist 53: 2-10.

1991 Evidence of Trade from Bronze Age Shipwrecks. Bronze Age Trade in the Mediterranean, ed. N.H. Gale (Studies in Mediterranean Archaeology 90, Jonsered): 69-82.
Beneath the Wine Dark Sea: Nautical Archaeology and the Dating of the Odyssey. College of Liberal Arts Seventh Annual Humanities Lecture, April 29, 1991.

1992 The Wreck of the Santo Antonio de Tanna. Archaeology 45.3: 32-35 (with R. C. M. Piercy & A. Darroch).
The Shipwreck at Ulu Burun, Turkey: 1991 Excavation Season. Underwater Archaeology Proceedings from the Society for Historical Archaeology Conference, eds. D.H. Keith and T. C. Carrell: 62-67 (with C. Pulak).
Gelidonya. Ulu Burun. Dictionnaire de la civilisation phénicienne et punique (Brepols): 186-187. 483-484.
Marine Archeology. McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology 1993 (New York): 214- 217.

1993 Underwater Archaeology as an Academic Discipline. Shipwrecks and Community. Bulletin of the Australian Institute for Maritime Archaeology 17.1: 17-20.
The Vulnerability of Wrecks in International Waters. Sea History 68: 15.

1994 To Dive for the Meaning of Words. Texas Classics in Action (Winter): 5-8.
The Oldest Shipwreck: More Finds, More Puzzles. Ilgi 77: 30-35.
Underwater Archaeology as an Academic Discipline. Role of Universities and Research Institutes in Marine Archaeology: Proceedings of the Third Conference, ed. S .R. Rao (Dona Paula, Goa): 9- 13.
INA's Bodrum Campus. A Phoenician Wreck at Yassiada? Profile: Claude Duthuit. INA Quarterly 21.4 (Winter): 22-23, 26-27.

1995 Sea and River Craft in the Ancient Near East. Civilizations of the Ancient Near East, ed. Jack M. Sasson (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons): 1421-1432.
Underwater Archaeology: A Misunderstood Science. Cumhuriyet.
To Dive for the Meaning of Words, reprinted in INA Quarterly 22.3 (Fall): 21.

1996 Shipwrecks in the Bodrum Museum of Underwater Archaeology (Bodrum Museum of Underwater Archaeology Publications 3, Ankara). Also Turkish ed., transl. Sema Pulak.
Underwater Archaeology in the Near East: Past, Present and Future. The Study of the Ancient Near East in the Twenty-First Century, eds. Glenn Schwartz and Jerrold S. Cooper (Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns): 125-138.
Sualtindaki merkez Türkiye. Atlas: Aylik Gezi Turism Dergisi 45: 84
The Men Who Stole the Stars. Portuguese translation.

1997 Cape Gelidonya. Serçe Liman. Seytan Deresi. Ships and Boats (with Shelley Wachsmann). Uluburun (with Cemal Pulak). Underwater Archaeology. Yassiada. The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East, ed. Eric M. Meyers (New York and Oxford).
Prolegomena to a Study of Maritime Traffic in Raw Materials to the Aegean During the Fourteenth and Thirteenth Centuries B.C. TEXNH: Craftsmen, Craftswomen, and Craftsmanship in the Aegean Bronze Age. Proceedings of the 6th International Aegean Conference, Philadelphia, Temple University, 18-21 April 1996, eds. Philip P. Betancourt and Robert Laffineur. Aegaeum 16 (Liège and Austin): 153-170.
Review: Sean A. Kingsley and Kurt Raveh, The Ancient Harbour and Anchorage at Dor, Israel. Biblical Archaeologist 60: 57.
Ancient Wrecks. Asherah. The Mediterranean. Santo Antonio de Tanna. Encyclopedia of Underwater and Maritime Archaeology, ed. James Delgado (British Museum, London).
Beneath the Wine Dark Sea: Nautical Archaeology and the Phoenicians of the Odyssey. Greeks and Barbarians: Essays on the Interactions between Greeks and Non-Greeks in Antiquity and the Consequences for Eurocentrism, eds. John Coleman & Clark Walz. Occasional Publications of the Department of Near Eastern Studies and Jewish Studies, Cornell University, No. 4: 71-101.

1998 Sailing Between the Aegean and the Orient in the Second Millennium BC. The Aegean and the Orient in the Second Millennium: Proceedings of the 50th Anniversary Symposium, Cincinnati, 18-20 April 1997. E. H. Cline and D. Harris-Cline, eds. Aegaeum 18 (Liège and Austin): 183-191.
Foreword. Seagoing Ships & Seamanship in the Bronze Age Levant, by Shelley Wachsmann (College Station, Texas, and London): ix-x.
History Beneath the Sea: The Birth of Nautical Archaeology. Archaeology (Nov.-Dec.): 48-53.

1999 The Hull and Anchor of the Cape Gelidonya Ship. Meletemata. P.P. Betancourt, V. Karageorghis, R. Laffineur, and W.-D. Niemeier, eds. Aegaeum 20 (Liège and Austin): 21-24.
The Shipwreck at Uluburun: Underwater Archaeology Comes of Age. Scientific American Discovering Archaeology 1.6 (November/December): 40-43.
Review: L.E. Babits and H. van Tilburg, eds., Maritime Archaeology: A Reader of Substantive and Theoretical Contributions. Historical Archaeology 33.4: 79-80

2000 Tarihe Dalis. Antik ve Dekor 59 (June July August): 132-136.

2001 Review: William Phelps, Yannos Lolos, and Yannis Vichos, eds., The Point Iria Wreck: Interconnections in the Mediterranean ca. 1200 B.C. American Journal of Archaeology 105: 341-343.
Nautical Archaeology. Encyclopedia of Archaeology: History and Discoveries, Vol. 3, Tim Murray, ed. Santa Barbara, Denver, Oxford: 910-918.
Keynote Address. Proceedings: International Symposium on Archaeology of Medieval and Modern Ships of Iberian-Atlantic Tradition. Hull Remains, Manuscripts and Ethnographic Sources: A Comparative Approach. Francisco Alves, ed. (Lisboa: Instituto Portuguès de Arqueologia): 45-47.
INA Increases its Fleet. INA Quarterly 28.2 (Summer): 11-13.
Ribbon Cuttings. INA Quarterly 28.2 (Summer): 20-25.

2002 Golden Age Treasures. National Geographic Magazine 201.3 (March): 102-117.
Archaeology in the 21st Century. International Handbook of Underwater Archaeology. Carol V. Ruppé and Janet F. Barstad, eds. (New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum): 803-806.
Michael Lazare Katzev, 1939-2001. American Journal of Archaeology 106: 229-230.
Carolyn: A Submersible for Archaeology. Marine Technology Society Journal 36.3 (Fall): 10-12.
Log of the Submersible Survey 2001. INA Quarterly 29.2 (Summer): 3-9.
Four Decades of Nautical Archaeology in Asia Minor. Tropis 7: Proceedings of 7th International Symposium on Ship construction in Antiquity, Pylos 1999. H. Tzalas, ed. (Athens: Hellenic Institute for the Preservation of Nautical Tradition): 995-1005.
The Excavation of a Fifth-Century B.C. Shipwreck: 1999 Campaign. Tropis 7: Proceedings of 7th International Symposium on Ship construction in Antiquity, Pylos 1999. H. Tzalas, ed. (Athens: Hellenic Institute for the Preservation of Nautical Tradition): 995-1005.

2003 The Ethics of Shipwreck Archaeology. Issues in Archaeological Ethics. L. J. Zimmerman, K. D. Vitelli and J. Hollowell-Zimmer, eds. (Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira): 57-69.
Su Altinda Arkeoloji: Bir Arkeologun Türkiye Macerasi (Istanbul: Homer Kitabevi). Turkish translation by Zeynep Hasircioglu of Archaeology Beneath the Sea, expanded to cover years between 1973 and 2001, edited by Ayse Atauz.

2004 Serçe Limani: An Eleventh-Century Shipwreck, Vol. I, The Ship and its Anchorage, Crew and Passengers. Texas A&M University Press. With S. Matthews, J. R. Steffy and F. H. van Doorninck, Jr.
Editor. The Application of Recent Advances in Underwater Detection and Survey Techniques to Underwater Archeology. With Tuncay Akal & Robert D. Ballard. Bodrum, Turkey.
A Brief History of Underwater Detection and Survey Techniques Used in Underwater Archeology. The Application of Recent Advances in Underwater Detection and Survey Techniques to Underwater Archeology. T. Akal, R. D. Ballard, & G. F. Bass, eds. (Bodrum, Turkey): 9-16.
Wreck-Hunting by Carolyn, a Human-Occupied Submersible. Sea Technology 45.4 (Spring): 59-64.
Preface. Tutela, conservazione e valorizzazione del patrimonio culturale subacqueo. Mediterraneum 4: 9-10

2005 Editor. Beneath the Seven Seas: Adventures with the Institute of Nautical Archaeology. London and New York: Thames and Hudson.
Die Schiffswracks der Bronzezeit im östlichen Mittelmeer. Das Schiff von Uluburun: Welthandel vor 3000 Jahren. Ünsal Yalçin, Cemal Pulak and Rainer Slotta, eds. (Bochum): 303-308.

2006 A Brief History of Ships' Hulls and Anchors as Revealed along the Turkish Coast by the Institute of Nautical Archaeology. Hayat Erkanal'a Armagan; Kültürin Yansimasi/Studies in Honor of Hayat Erkanal; Cultural Reflections. Betül Avunç, ed. (Istanbul): 138-144. With Deborah N. Carlson and Mark E. Polzer.
New Techniques of Archaeology and Greek Shipwrecks of the Sixth and Fifth Centuries BC. American Philosophical Society Proceedings 150 no. 1 (March 2006): 1-14.

2007 Nautical Archaeology: From its Beginnings at Penn to Today's INA. Expedition 49, no. 2 (Summer 2007): 36-44.
Uluburun: A Bronze Age Shipwreck. Great Moments in Greek Archaeology. P. Lalavanis, ed. (Athens: Kapon Editions): 306-315.
Turkish Coast Survey. The INA Annual 2007: 7-9.

2008 Foreword. Underwater Archaeology of Crimea (in Ukrainian). S. Zelenk, ed. (Kiev): 5-7.
Gelidonya Burnu'nda Bronz Çagina Ait Bir Gemi Enkazi. Aktüel Arkeoloji (March): 38-45.

2009 Serçe Limani, vol. 2. Glass from an Eleventh-Century Shipwreck (Texas A&M University Press). With R. H. Brill. B. Lledó, and S. Matthews
The Last Dive. Diving with Legends. Peter McClean Millar, ed. (DOXA): 11-20.
INA Remembers: Duncan Eugene Boeckman and Captain Willard F. Searle, USN (Ret.). INA Quarterly 36.2: 14.

2010 Introduzione. Archeologia e storia nei Mari di Sicilia. Sebastiano Tusa (Udine: Magnus): 14-20.
Cape Gelidonya. The INA Annual: 2010 Projects and Research: 18-25. With Nicolle Hirschfeld, Cemal Pulak, and Harun Özdas.
A 50th Anniversary Reunion at Cape Gelidonya. INA Quarterly 37.2-3:16-17.

2011 The Development of Maritime Archaeology. The Oxford Handbook of Maritime Archaeology. Alexis Catsambis, Ben Ford, and Donny L. Hamilton, eds. (Oxford: Oxford University Press): 3-22.
Cape Gelidonya Shipwreck. The Oxford Handbook of The Bronze Age Aegean (ca. 3000-2000 BC). Eric H. Cline, ed. (Oxford: Oxford University Press): 797-803.
Meltem: An Archaeological Mystery (Istanbul: BOYUT).

2012 Archaeologist Beneath the Sea: My First Fifty Years (Istanbul: Boyut). Archaeology Beneath the Sea: My Fifty Years of Diving on Ancient Ships is the improved Kindle version
Keynote address: A Brief History of Nautical Archaeology in Turkey. Between Continents: Proceedings of the Twelfth Symposium on Boat and Ship Archaeology, Istanbul 2009. Nergis Günsenin, ed. (Istanbul, Ege Yayinlari): xvii-xxv.

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Photo: Courtesy Dr. George F. Bass

Name: George Fletcher Bass, Ph.D.

Birth: 9 December, 1932 Columbia, S.C.

Title: Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Nautical Archaeology and Founder, The Institute of Nautical Archaeology

Affiliation: Texas A&M University

Citation: "For pioneering ocean technology and creating a new branch of scholarship, nautical archaeology, thereby providing new knowledge of the histories of economics, technology, and literacy." Presented by President George W. Bush in a White House East Room ceremony on June 12, 2002.

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